Stanislas (train)

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Stanislas
SNCF BB 15025 Paris Est (1).jpg
Stanislas was hauled by a BB 15000 locomotive.
Overview
Service type Trans Europ Express (TEE)
(1971–1982)
Rapide
(1982-ca. 1988)
Status Discontinued
Locale France
First service 26 September 1971 (1971-09-26)
Last service ca. 1988
Former operator(s) SNCF
Route
Start Paris-Est
Stops 1
End Strasbourg-Ville
Distance travelled 502 km (312 mi)
Service frequency Daily
Train number(s) TEE 62, 63
(1971–1982)
Rapide 60, 63
(1982–ca. 1988)
Line used Paris–Strasbourg
On-board services
Catering facilities Restaurant car
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 25 kV 50 Hz AC

Stanislas was an express train that linked Paris and Strasbourg in France. Introduced in 1971, it was operated by the Société Nationale des Chemins de fer français (SNCF).

The train was named after Stanisław I Leszczyński (French: Stanislas Leszczynski), King of Poland, Duke of Lorraine and a count of the Holy Roman Empire. It was a first-class-only Trans Europ Express (TEE) until 1982, and then a two-class Rapide until its discontinuance in about 1988.

Route[edit]

The Stanislas's route was the 502 km (312 mi) long Paris–Strasbourg railway, with just the following stops:

History[edit]

The Stanislas was introduced on 26 September 1971, to complement an existing TEE service, the Kléber, which, since 23 May 1971, had run from Strasbourg to Paris in the morning and had returned to Strasbourg in the evening.

Initially, the Stanislas departed from Paris as TEE 63 at 11:05 (later 11:00) and arrived in Strasbourg at 14:50. The return Stanislas, TEE 62, left Strasbourg at 17:10 and reached Paris at 21:00.

On 26 September 1982, both the morning TEE trains between Paris and Strasbourg were discontinued. The evening TEE 62 service was renamed Kléber, so that the remaining TEE service on the route – one run per day in each direction – would both carry the same name. The Stanislas became a two-class Rapide, eastbound keeping the same schedule as before, departing from Paris at 11:00 (and still train number 63), and westbound taking over what had been the TEE Kleber's schedule, from Strasbourg around 7:45 (still train number 60).[1]

In autumn 1984, the westbound trip's schededule was moved about one hour earlier, from 7:47 to 6:59 (later 6:52), and otherwise the schedule and classification of Stanislas remained unchanged until at least summer 1988,[2] but the train was discontinued by at least 1991—and possibly as early as September 1988.

Formation (consist)[edit]

The Stanislas was hauled by the SNCF Class BB 15000, a class of 25 kV 50 Hz AC electric locomotives.

Its inaugural formation of rolling stock was a rake of SNCF Grand Confort coaches (fr) painted in a distinctive red, orange, light grey and slate grey livery.[3]

Originally, the coaches were arranged as an A4Dtux, two A8u, two A8tu, two Vru and three ex-Mistral A8u.

On 29 September 1974, the train was lengthened to a total of 12 coaches. The following year, on 26 September 1975, a further coach was added to the formation.

Throughout the Stanislas's existence, its restaurant car was staffed by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas Cook Continental Timetable (May 29–June 30, 1983 edition), pp. 161–162. Peterborough, UK: Thomas Cook Publishing.
  2. ^ Thomas Cook European Timetable (April 1988 edition), pp. 168–169, 515. Thomas Cook Publishing.
  3. ^ "The Platforms of History: Passenger Buffet Car A 3RTU Grand Confort". Cité du Train website. Cité du Train, Culturespaces (fr). Retrieved 8 March 2013.  External link in |work= (help)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Malaspina, Jean-Pierre; Mertens, Maurice (2007). TEE: la légende des Trans-Europ-Express [TEE: The Legend of the Trans Europ Express]. Auray: LR Presse. ISBN 978-29-03651-45-9.  (in French)
  • Malaspina, Jean-Pierre; Mertens, Maurice (2008). TEE: la leggenda dei Trans-Europ-Express [TEE: The Legend of the Trans Europ Express]. Salò: ETR – Editrice Trasporti su Rotaie. ISBN 978-88-85068-31-5.  (in Italian)
  • Mertens, Maurice; Malaspina, Jean-Pierre; von Mitzlaff, Berndt (2009). TEE - Die Geschichte des Trans-Europ-Express [TEE - The History of the Trans Europ Express]. Düsseldorf: Alba Publikation. ISBN 978-3-87094-199-4.  (in German)