Stanislav Markelov at a Moscow seminar in Bilingua club on November 13, 2007
Stanislav Yuryevich Markelov
20 May 1974
|Died||19 January 2009 (aged 34)|
|Occupation||human rights lawyer and journalist|
Stanislav Yuryevich Markelov (Russian: Станисла́в Ю́рьевич Марке́лов; 20 May 1974 – 19 January 2009) was a Russian human rights lawyer. He participated in a number of publicized cases, including those of left-wing political activists and antifascists persecuted since the 1990s, as well as those of victims of police violence, journalists, etc.
Inter alia, Markelov had been the attorney for the family of Elza Kungaeva, a young Chechen woman killed by Russian colonel Yuri Budanov, who was released from prison in mid-January, 15 months before his original sentence was to end.
Markelov was murdered on 19 January 2009 in Moscow.
Markelov was a president of the Russian Rule of Law Institute. He represented Anna Politkovskaya, who was gunned down in Moscow in 2006; Mikhail Beketov, the editor of a pro-opposition newspaper who was severely beaten in November 2008; and many Chechen civilians who had been tortured. He also defended people who were victims of the Moscow theater hostage crisis.
Markelov was shot to death on 19 January 2009 while leaving a news conference in Moscow less than half a mile from the Kremlin; he was 34. Anastasia Baburova, a journalist for Novaya Gazeta who tried to come to Markelov's assistance, was also shot and killed in the attack.
The BBC reported that Markelov planned to appeal the early release of Budanov. Budanov, sentenced to ten years in prison, was released early because he had "repented". When reached for a comment, Budanov denounced the killings as a provocation aimed at fueling animosity between Russians and Chechens and offered condolences to the families of the deceased.
“In the opinion of the Novaya Gazeta staff, of which I am a member, the Russian security services or rogue elements within these services are the prime suspects in the murders of Baburova and Markelov. The boldness of the attack by a single gunman in broad daylight in the center of Moscow required professional preliminary planning and surveillance that would necessitate the security services, which closely control that particular neighborhood, turning a blind eye. The use of a gun with a silencer does not fit with the usual pattern of murders by nationalist neo-Nazi youth groups in Russia, which use homemade explosives, knives, and group assaults to beat up and stab opponents to death.
The offices of Russia's rulers President Dmitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin have not issued any statements expressing indignation or offering any condolences after the two murders. This follows the usual behavioral pattern of the authoritarian Putin regime when its critics are murdered in cold blood.”
The President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko sent a telegram to the parents of Anastasia Baburova on 23 January 2009. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev offered his condolences six days later.
Investigations by the radio station Echo of Moscow indicate that most people distrusted the authorities and thought they could not adequately investigate the murder and that the crimes would not be solved. The distrust stimulated the wide discussion of the murder and protests.
Other groups hailed Markelov's killing in Internet chatter, but it is unclear whether they were connected to it. A hate crimes expert, Galina Kozhevnikova, said in February 2009 that she received an e-mailed threat warning her to "get ready" to join Markelov.
In November 2009, Russian authorities declared the end of the criminal investigation. The murder suspects were 29-year-old Nikita Tikhonov and his girlfriend, 24-year-old Yevgenia Khasis, a radical nationalist couple involved with a group called Russky Obraz and associated with the identitarian organization BORN (Battle Organization of Russian Nationalists). Initially, “Russkiy Obraz” was a magazine, set up by Tikhonov and his friend Ilya Goryachev in 2003. Both were students of history at Moscow State University. According to Tikhonov, the identitarian organization BORN was founded by him and Goryachev in 2007.
According to investigators, Tikhonov was the one who committed the murder, while Khasis reported to him, by cell phone, the movements of Markelov and Baburova right before the assault. The motive of the murder was revenge for Markelov's prior work as a lawyer in the interests of Trotskyite activists. The murder suspects were arrested, and were reported to have confessed. In May 2011, Tikhonov was sentenced to life imprisonment, and Khasis was sentenced to 18 years in prison.
FSB director Alexander Bortnikov reported to Russian President Dmitry Medvedev that the radical group in question committed a murder on ethnic grounds in September 2009 and was preparing another one "that could become a resonant murder".
In 2015 another member of the BORN nationalis group Ilya Goryachev was sentenced for murder of Markelov.
- "President of the Rule of Law Institute". Rule of Law Institute. Archived from the original on 25 January 2009.
- Anna Politkovskaya's lawyer Stanislav Markelov shot dead in Moscow Times Online
- "Chechen Rights Lawyer and Journalist Shot in Moscow". The International Herald Tribune Retrieved 19 January 2009
- Schwirtz, Michael (20 January 2009). "Leading Russian Rights Lawyer Is Shot to Death in Moscow, Along With Journalist". New York Times. Retrieved 23 January 2009.
A prominent Russian lawyer who spent the better part of a decade pursuing contentious human rights and social justice cases was killed on Monday in a brazen daylight assassination in central Moscow, officials said. The lawyer, Stanislav Markelov, had just left a news conference where he announced that he would continue to fight against the early release from jail of Yuri D. Budanov, a former Russian tank commander imprisoned for murdering a young Chechen woman.
- "Prominent Russian Lawyer Killed", BBC News (19 January 2009)
- Nechaev, Aleksandr; Kachkaeva, Elina (20 January 2009). В центре Москвы расстреляли адвоката, выступавшего против освобождения Буданова. Komsomolskaya Pravda (in Russian). Retrieved 20 January 2009.
- Pavel Felgenhauer (22 January 2009). "The Russian Security Services—The Prime Murder Suspect". Eurasia Daily Monitor. Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- Виктор Ющенко выразил соболезнования в связи с гибелью журналистки Анастасии Бабуровой, condolence message of the President of Ukraine (in Russian) (23 January 2009)
- "Medvedev Expresses Condolences Over Journalist Slain in Moscow". Bloomberg. 29 January 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- Дмитрий Медведев сказал, почему не выразил соболезнования в связи с убийством Маркелова и Бабуровой (in Russian). Mideast. 29 January 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- Catherine Belton (30 January 2009). "Medvedev sympathy for murdered activists signals break from past". Financial Times. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
- Будут ли найдены виновные в смерти Маркелова и Бабуровой Эхо Москвы, 25 January 2009, http://www.echo.msk.ru/polls/568363-echo/comments.html, (In Russian)
- Анархисты все-таки прошли шествием по Москве, grani.ru (20 January 2009)(in Russian)
- Чеченцы хотят увековечить память убитого адвоката, svobodanews.ru (20 January 2009) (in Russian)
- Правозащитники требуют расследования убийства Маркелова, grani.ru (20 January 2009) (in Russian)
- Activists: Russian reporters under neo-Nazi threat. The International Herald Tribune. 12 February 2009
- "Russian neo-Nazi gets life sentence for murdering lawyer and journalist". theguardian.com. 6 May 2011.
- "Nationalist Suspected in High-Profile Killings Extradited". themoscowtimes.com. 11 Nov 2013.
- "Stanislav Markelov and anarchists". libcom.org. 26 Jan 2009.
- "Russian neo-Nazi Ilya Goryachev was jailed for life for a string of hate killings in Russia". news.com.au. 29 July 2015.
- "Leader of "Kremlin project" found guilty of ultranationalist BORN murders". khpg.org. 15 July 2015.
- "Nikita Tikhonov And Yevgenia Khasis, Russian Nationalists, Sentenced For Killing Human Rights Lawyer, Journalist". Huffington Post, 6 May 2011. 6 May 2011.
- Kuznetsov, Andrey (6 November 2009). "Crime: True Face of Hatred" (in Russian). Lenta.Ru. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
- "Leader of "Kremlin project" found guilty of ultranationalist BORN murders :: khpg.org". khpg.org. Retrieved 2015-07-17.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stanislav Markelov.|
- Lawyer and human rights activist Stanislav Markelov murdered in Moscow World Socialist Web Site
- "Leading Russian Rights Lawyer Shot in Moscow", The New York Times (20 January 2009)
- Obituary for Stanislav Markelov by Vladislav Bugera, JRL (20 January 2009) (the copy)
- Murder in Moscow. Press criticism, KGB-style by Stephen Schwartz, The Weekly Standard (23 February 2009)
- Markelov's website (Russian)