Stanisław Chlebowski

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Stanisław Chlebowski
Ushitsky Uyezd, Podolian Governorate, Russian Empire (Russian Partition of Poland, now Ukraine)
Died1884(1884-00-00) (aged 48–49)
Kowanówko (Prussian Partition of Poland, now Poland)
Resting placeRakowicki Cemetery, Kraków
EducationGrekov Odessa Art school
Imperial Academy of Arts
Jean-Léon Gérôme
AwardsBig Gold Medal of the Imperial Academy of Arts (1859)

Stanisław Chlebowski (1835–1884) was a Polish painter. He was a renowned specialist in Oriental themes.[1]


Chlebowski was born in the Ushitsky Uyezd of the Podolian Governorate in the Russian Partition of Poland (now Khmelnyskyi Raion, Ukraine), and learned drawing in Grekov Odessa Art school. Between 1853 and 1859, he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg, and then on a scholarship for six years in Paris as the pupil of the French Orientalist painter Jean-Léon Gérôme. Chlebowski traveled to Spain, Italy, Germany, and Belgium. His first success was selling his painting Joanne d’Arc in Amiens Prison to Napoleon III of France.

In the years 1864-1876 Chlebowski was the master painter under the service of Sultan Abdülaziz and took up residence in Constantinople.[1] Chlebowski became popular in the empire. During his services, he had obtained permission to bring with him a large icon of Mother of God Leading Our Way having been rescued from the Hodegon Monastery in 1453. He had come across it in one of the antique stores in Constantinople, untouched by its Turkish conservator. This account is certified in a letter by the Comité National Polonais à Constantinople, dated June 27, 1938.

In 1876 he moved to Paris. In 1881 he returned permanently to Kraków. The subject matter of his watercolours and oil paintings is diverse. He painted images of historical battles related to the history of Turkey and Ottoman Empire, oriental genre scenes, landscapes, and portraits of Ottoman sultans. He died in Kowanówko (then officially Rundhausen in the Prussian Partition of Poland) at age 49, and was buried at the Rakowicki Cemetery in Kraków.

Chlebowski lived abroad for a long time and as a result his paintings were very rare in Poland.[2] The National Museum in Kraków houses some of his other important Orientalist works such as Entrée de Mahomet II à Stamboul.[3]

Selected works[edit]

  • Entry of Sultan Mehmed II to Constantinople at the Gate of the City (1873, Entrée de Mahomet II à Stamboul)
  • Turkish sentry (1880)
  • The time of prayer
  • Sultan Bayezid in captivity of Tamerlane (1878)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Mendelsohn, Ezra (2002). Painting a People: Maurycy Gottlieb and Jewish Art. Brandeis University Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-58465-179-6.
  2. ^ Janicki, Stanislaw. "Polish Art Collections in Michigan, Part 2 of 3" Creative Gene, August 04, 2006, retrieved on August 3, 2008.
  3. ^ Stanisław Chlebowski, retrieved on August 3, 2008.