Stanley, Tasmania

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Stanley
Tasmania
StanleyAndNut.jpg
Stanley and The Nut viewed from Highfield
Stanley is located in Tasmania
Stanley
Stanley
Coordinates40°46′S 145°18′E / 40.767°S 145.300°E / -40.767; 145.300Coordinates: 40°46′S 145°18′E / 40.767°S 145.300°E / -40.767; 145.300
Population481 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s)7331
Elevation10 m (33 ft)[2]
Location
LGA(s)Circular Head Council
State electorate(s)Braddon
Federal Division(s)Braddon
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
16.1 °C
61 °F
9.4 °C
49 °F
934.7 mm
36.8 in

Stanley is a town on the north-west coast of Tasmania, Australia. Travelling west, Stanley is the second-last major township on the north-west coast of Tasmania, Smithton being the larger township in the Circular Head municipality.

According to the 2011 census, Stanley had a population of 481.[1]

History[edit]

1936 Stamp: Cable to Tasmania depicting Amphitrite

In 1825 the Van Diemen's Land Company was granted land in north-western Van Diemen's Land, including the Stanley area. Employees of the company from England settled in the area in October 1826.[3]

The site (originally called Circular Head) was named after Lord Stanley, the British Secretary of State for War and the Colonies in the 1830s and 1840s, who later had three terms of office as British Prime Minister.

A port opened in 1827 and the first school opened in 1841. There was a short-lived bay whaling station in operation on the fore-shore in the 1830s.[4] Stanley officially became a town in 1842 and by 1843 more than 8,000 acres had been sold or leased to almost 70 people. [5]

The Post Office opened on 1 July 1845 and was known as Circular Head post office until 1882. [6] In 1880 the first coach service between Stanley and Burnie was established.

In 1936 a submarine telephone cable from Apollo Bay to Stanley provided the first telephone to Tasmania from the mainland.

The town today[edit]

Today Stanley is a tourist destination and the main fishing port on the north-west coast of Tasmania.

The most distinctive landmark in Stanley is Munatrik[7], commonly called The Nut, an old volcanic plug. Bass and Flinders sighted it on their circumnavigation of Van Diemen's Land (now called Tasmania) in 1798 and named it Circular Head. It has steep sides and rises to 143 metres with a flat top. It is possible to walk to the top of The Nut via a steep track or via a chairlift.

Tourists regularly travel to Highfield (a farming region on the north west of the township) to view the picturesque northern beaches with The Nut in the background.

The port on the southern side of The Nut is also a regularly used fishing spot.

Notable people from Stanley[edit]

  • Joseph Lyons – The tenth Prime Minister of Australia.[3]
  • Jim Willis – Australian botanist
  • Bill Mollison – Founder of the Permaculture movement
  • John Lee Archer - the "Father of Tasmanian architecture". Archer became a magistrate in the Circular Head area in 1838 until his death in 1852. [8] He produced an official map of Stanley in 1843, reproduced by Betty Jones (2015). [9]
  • Henry Hellyer - Chief Surveyor, Explorer, and Architect of the Van Diemen's Land Co. based at Highfield 1826-32. Architect of Highfield House. Most famous early explorer of NW Tasmania with many features named by or after him, first European to climb Cradle Mountain, climbed and named St.Valentines Peak. Suicide and burial at Stanley 1832. [10] [11]

Climate[edit]

Stanley has a warm-summer mediterranean climate that is transitional with the oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification csb/cfb). Its summers are moderated by its shoreline position, whereas the rainy winters have moderate lows.

Climate data for Stanley
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
21.5
(70.7)
20.0
(68.0)
17.4
(63.3)
15.1
(59.2)
13.3
(55.9)
12.6
(54.7)
13.2
(55.8)
14.2
(57.6)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
19.4
(66.9)
16.8
(62.2)
Average low °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
11.4
(52.5)
9.4
(48.9)
7.0
(44.6)
5.3
(41.5)
4.1
(39.4)
3.4
(38.1)
3.9
(39.0)
4.9
(40.8)
6.1
(43.0)
7.9
(46.2)
9.5
(49.1)
7.0
(44.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.7
(1.60)
47.9
(1.89)
44.1
(1.74)
74.1
(2.92)
99.2
(3.91)
111.1
(4.37)
132.7
(5.22)
108.8
(4.28)
94.5
(3.72)
98.3
(3.87)
74.4
(2.93)
64.3
(2.53)
991.4
(39.03)
[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Stanley (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 November 2015. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Climate statistics for Australian locations, Summary statistics STANLEY POST OFFICE". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Stanley, Tasmania". Australian Places. Monash University. Archived from the original on 2005-03-06.
  4. ^ Evans, Kathryn (1993). Shore-based whaling in Tasmania historical research project: Volume 2; site histories (First ed.). Hobart: Parks & Wildlife Service. p. 70-1 & fig 29 map.
  5. ^ Jones, E 2015, Along the terrace: the owners and occupiers of Stanley 1843–1922, Stanley Discovery Museum, Stanley, Tasmania, p. vii
  6. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2008-04-11.
  7. ^ "palawa kani place names on the way to Kings Run Handover 2017". tacinc.com.au. Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  8. ^ url= http://greataustraliansecret.com/john-lee-archer-the-man-who-shaped-tasmanias-early-architecture/ retrieved 26 April 2017
  9. ^ Jones, E 2015, Along the terrace: the owners and occupiers of Stanley 1843–1922, Stanley Discovery Museum, Stanley, Tasmania, p. x
  10. ^ url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Hellyer
  11. ^ url= http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/hellyer-henry-2175

External links[edit]

An early map of Stanley, held at the National Library of Australia:

Archer, John Lee, 1791-1852; Royston & Brown; Van Diemen's Land Company (1843), A map of Stanley on the estate of the Van Diemens Land Company at Circular Head [cartographic material] / John Lee Archer, Civil Engineer Aug.st 1843, Royston & Brown, LithoCS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)