Stanley, Tasmania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Stanley
Tasmania
StanleyAndNut.jpg
Stanley and The Nut viewed from Highfield
Stanley is located in Tasmania
Stanley
Stanley
Coordinates 40°46′S 145°18′E / 40.767°S 145.300°E / -40.767; 145.300Coordinates: 40°46′S 145°18′E / 40.767°S 145.300°E / -40.767; 145.300
Population 481 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 7331
Elevation 10 m (33 ft)[2]
Location
LGA(s) Circular Head Council
State electorate(s) Braddon
Federal Division(s) Braddon
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
16.1 °C
61 °F
9.4 °C
49 °F
934.7 mm
36.8 in

Stanley is a town on the north-west coast of Tasmania, Australia. Travelling west, Stanley is the second-last major township on the north-west coast of Tasmania, Smithton being the larger township in the Circular Head municipality.

According to the 2011 census, Stanley had a population of 481.[1]

History[edit]

1936 Stamp: Cable to Tasmania depicting Amphitrite

In 1825 the Van Diemen's Land Company was granted land in north-western Van Diemen's Land, including the Stanley area. Employees of the company from England settled in the area in October 1826.[3]

The site was named after Lord Stanley, the British Secretary of State for War and the Colonies in the 1830s and 1840s, who later had three terms of office as British Prime Minister.

A port opened in 1827 and the first school opened in 1841. Stanley officially became a town in 1842 and by 1843 more than 8,000 acres had been sold or leased to almost 70 people. [4]

The Post Office opened on 1 July 1845 and was known as Circular Head post office until 1882. [5] In 1880 the first coach service between Stanley and Burnie was established.

In 1936 a submarine telephone cable from Apollo Bay to Stanley provided the first telephone to Tasmania from the mainland.

The town today[edit]

Today Stanley is a tourist destination and the main fishing port on the north-west coast of Tasmania.

The most distinctive landmark in Stanley is The Nut, an old volcanic plug discovered by the explorers Bass and Flinders in 1798, who named it Circular Head. It has steep sides and rises to 143 metres with a flat top. It is possible to walk to the top of The Nut via a steep track or via a chairlift.

Tourists regularly travel to Highfield (a farming region on the north west of the township) to view the picturesque northern beaches with The Nut in the background.

The port on the southern side of The Nut is also a regularly used fishing spot.

Notable people from Stanley[edit]

Climate[edit]

Stanley has a warm-summer mediterranean climate that is transitional with the oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification csb/cfb). Its summers are moderated by its shoreline position, whereas the rainy winters have moderate lows.

Climate data for Stanley
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
21.5
(70.7)
20.0
(68)
17.4
(63.3)
15.1
(59.2)
13.3
(55.9)
12.6
(54.7)
13.2
(55.8)
14.2
(57.6)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
19.4
(66.9)
16.8
(62.2)
Average low °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
11.4
(52.5)
9.4
(48.9)
7.0
(44.6)
5.3
(41.5)
4.1
(39.4)
3.4
(38.1)
3.9
(39)
4.9
(40.8)
6.1
(43)
7.9
(46.2)
9.5
(49.1)
7.0
(44.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.7
(1.602)
47.9
(1.886)
44.1
(1.736)
74.1
(2.917)
99.2
(3.906)
111.1
(4.374)
132.7
(5.224)
108.8
(4.283)
94.5
(3.72)
98.3
(3.87)
74.4
(2.929)
64.3
(2.531)
991.4
(39.031)
[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Stanley (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 November 2015.  Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Climate statistics for Australian locations, Summary statistics STANLEY POST OFFICE". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 3 November 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Stanley, Tasmania". Australian Places. Monash University. Archived from the original on 2005-03-06. 
  4. ^ Jones, E 2015, Along the terrace: the owners and occupiers of Stanley 1843–1922, Stanley Discovery Museum, Stanley, Tasmania, p. vii
  5. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  6. ^ url= http://greataustraliansecret.com/john-lee-archer-the-man-who-shaped-tasmanias-early-architecture/ retrieved 26 April 2017
  7. ^ Jones, E 2015, Along the terrace: the owners and occupiers of Stanley 1843–1922, Stanley Discovery Museum, Stanley, Tasmania, p. x

External links[edit]

An early map of Stanley, held at the National Library of Australia:

Archer, John Lee, 1791-1852; Royston & Brown; Van Diemen's Land Company (1843), A map of Stanley on the estate of the Van Diemens Land Company at Circular Head [cartographic material] / John Lee Archer, Civil Engineer Aug.st 1843, Royston & Brown, Litho