Stanley Dock

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Stanley Dock
StanleyDockTobaccoWarehouse.jpg
Jesse Hartley's warehouse, on the north side of Stanley Dock
Location
Location Vauxhall, Liverpool, Merseyside, United Kingdom
Coordinates 53°26′37″N 3°00′33″W / 53.4436°N 3.0092°W / 53.4436; -3.0092Coordinates: 53°26′37″N 3°00′33″W / 53.4436°N 3.0092°W / 53.4436; -3.0092
OS grid SJ337921
Details
Owner Kitgrove Ltd.[1][2]
Opened 1848
Type Wet dock
Joins
Area 7 acres (2.8 ha), 120 sq yd (100 m2)[3]
Width at entrance 51 ft (16 m)[4]
Quay length 753 yd (689 m)[4]

Stanley Dock is a dock on the River Mersey, England, and part of the Port of Liverpool. It is situated in the Vauxhall area of Liverpool and is part of the northern dock system. The dock is connected to the Leeds and Liverpool Canal to the east and Collingwood Dock to the west.

History[edit]

Designed by Jesse Hartley, it opened on 4 August 1848.[5][6][7] The dock is the only one in Liverpool which was built inland, all the others being built out from the foreshore.[8] The original quay warehouses are of a similar design to those at Albert Dock and are grade II* listed buildings. The warehouses were built to five storeys, covering an area of 12,000 sq yd (10,000 m2).[9] Part of the northern quay warehouse was demolished after sustaining damage in an air raid during the Second World War.[10] The southern quay warehouse remains, however no longer on a quay. Between 1897-1901, the southern part of the dock was filled in to build the large Stanley Dock Tobacco Warehouse by Anthony George Lyster.[7] The tobacco warehouse stands between the new quay between and the older southern quay warehouse.

There are two entrances to the Stanley Dock complex at the south end from Regent Road and two at the north from Great Howard Street, via sets of three granite towers. These towers are similar in design to the towers in other Liverpool docks, and originally had sliding gates set into the thickness of the wall.[11] There is also a link to the canal which opened in 1848, via the bridge under Great Howard Street, also designed by Hartley. The adjoining branch canal is 1,400 ft (430 m) in length and was built with a staircase of four locks, each 80 ft (24 m) apart, with a width of 16 12 ft (5.0 m).[9] The staircase was built by J. B. Hartley.[7]

Regeneration[edit]

The dock is the focal point of the Stanley Dock Conservation Area.[12] In 2006, work commenced on a £20 million extension of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, providing a further 1.4 miles of navigable waterway[13] towards the Pier Head. As of March 2007, plans have been unveiled for the warehouses to be redeveloped into office space and a total of 930 apartments. The plans involve digging out the centre of the tobacco warehouse to create a garden-filled courtyard.[14]

The site featured as part of the Most Haunted Live! Liverpool investigation in January 2009 and in the 2011 superhero film Captain America: The First Avenger.

The remaining parts of the northern warehouse were in a "poor" condition, and on the Heritage at Risk register 2011, but were approved for redevelopment.[15] The northern warehouse has since been developed in to a hotel devoted to the White Star Line's RMS Titanic liner, which has strong links to the area's history of docks and shipping.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "#100m plan for tobacco building". Liverpool Echo. 8 December 2003. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Liverpool Canal Link Skipper’s Guide" (PDF). Canal & River Trust. August 2015. p. 3. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  3. ^ Baines 1859, Part II, p. 89
  4. ^ a b Baines 1859, Part II, p. 116
  5. ^ "The Stanley Dock Warehouse Complex". Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "NORTH WAREHOUSE, STANLEY DOCK, LIVERPOOL". English Heritage. English Heritage. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c Pollard & Pevsner 2006, p. 279
  8. ^ "Our History". Liverpool Pilotage Services Ltd. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Baines 1859, Part II, p. 90
  10. ^ "Stanley Dock, showing war damage sustained in an earlier raid, 1942". Merseyside Maritime Museum. Retrieved 12 April 2008. 
  11. ^ "Nomination of Liverpool - Maritime Mercantile City for Inscription on the World Heritage List" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "Stanley Dock Conservation Area". Liverpool World Heritage. Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2008. 
  13. ^ "Liverpool Canal Link: The Scheme". British Waterways. Archived from the original on 25 July 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2008. 
  14. ^ "Stanley Dock transformed". Liverpool Echo. 27 March 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2008. 
  15. ^ "Heritage at Risk register 2011 North West" (PDF). English Heritage. p. 67. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "Titanic Hotel: Liverpool, England". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 August 2016. 

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • McCarron, Ken; Jarvis, Adrian (1992). Give a Dock a Good Name?. Birkenhead: Merseyside Port Folios. pp. 85–87. ISBN 9780951612941. OCLC 27770301. 

External links[edit]