Stanley Eric Reinhart

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For the American publisher, see Stanley Rinehart, Jr.
Stanley Eric Reinhart
Stanley Eric Reinhart.jpg
Born September 15, 1893
Polk, Ohio, United States
Died June 4, 1975 (aged 81)
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1916–1946
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Unit USA - Army Field Artillery Insignia.png Field Artillery Branch
Commands held 1st Battalion, 17th Field Artillery Regiment
65th Infantry Division
26th Infantry Division
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Army Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star (2)

Major General Stanley Eric Reinhart (September 15, 1893 – June 4, 1975) was a senior United States Army officer of the United States Army. He figured prominently in World War II as commander of the 65th Infantry Division.

Biography[edit]

Early life and military career[edit]

Reinhart was born on September 15, 1893 in Polk, Ohio (pop. 250). He worked briefly as a rural school teacher, in North Red Haw, Ohio, until 1911. He entered the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York in 1912, graduating in 1916, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Field Artillery Branch of the United States Army at Fort Bliss, Texas.

As aide-de-camp to Brigadier General Peyton C. March, Reinhart sailed for France on June 30, 1917, almost three months after the American entry into World War I. After arriving on the Western Front, the main theater of war, in late 1917, he assumed command of Battery 'A' of the 17th Field Artillery Regiment, part of the 2nd Infantry Division of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), from February 12, 1918 to July 10, 1918 (in action during the defense of sector from March 21 to May 12, Battle of Bois de Belleau). Next, Reinhart commanded the 1st Battalion, 17th Field Artillery Regiment (Battle of Soissons, Ypres-Lys, and Meuse-Argonne). He commanded the battalion until the war ended on November 11, 1918 with the signing of the armistice with Germany. Reinhart was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal for his actions in combat during World War I.

Between the wars[edit]

On August 4, 1919, almost nine months after the war ended, Reinhart returned to the United States, where he married Jeannette Crane of Toledo, Ohio, on May 5, 1920, at West Point, New York. They had a son and daughter.

Between the wars he served three years as an instructor of field artillery tactics at the USMA; four years in the U.S. Army Command and General Staff School and the U.S. Army War College; two years as instructor at the U.S. Army Field Artillery School; three years General Staff with troops in Hawaii; and four years as Treasurer at West Point, New York.

World War II[edit]

As a brigadier general from February 16, 1942, two months after the American entry into World War II, he commanded the artillery of the 25th Infantry Division, defending the shores of Oahu in the Pacific War. On December 6, 1942, Reinhart sailed for Guadalcanal to participate in operations that would ultimately help terminate hostilities there. Ordered home to the United States by the War Department on April 22, 1943, he landed at San Francisco, California on April 26.

From July 1, 1943 until December 18, 1944, Reinhart organized and trained the 65th Infantry Division at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. On January 10, 1945, as the Commanding General (CG) of the 65th, he, with his division, sailed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO). He joined Lieutenant General George Patton's U.S. Third Army at the Sarre River, and fought with it on the Western Front across Germany and Austria.

Under his leadership,the 65th Division managed forced crossings of the Fulda, Werra, Danube, Inn, Traun, and Enns Rivers. His soldiers took the German cities of Saarlautern, Neunkirchen, Oberursel, Friedberg, Hattenback, Bebra, Rottenburg (Bavaria), Treffurt, Langensalza, Neumarkt, Regensburg, and Passau—as well as Schärding, Eferding, Linz, and Enns in Austria. His men captured the German Danube Flotilla and the Hungarian Navy, consisting of 25 armed ships and over 400 other craft.

At the end of combat, Reinhart and the 65th Infantry Division were over 100 miles (160 kilometers) east of a north and south line through Berlin, Germany. Fighting in Europe was to end at midnight on May 8, 1945. By now a major general, Reinhart arrived in Erlauf, a hamlet in Austria, where he met the Soviets and shook hands with his counterpart. In addition to commanding his own troops, Reinhart was soon appointed as military governor of Upper Austria.

Reinhart continued to reside in Linz, where the 65th Infantry Division, and subsequently the 26th Infantry Division, had its headquarters.

Later years[edit]

Hospitalized on October 15, 1945, Reinhart returned to the United States as a patient on November 15, 1945. On September 30, 1946, he retired from the army after 30 years due to physical disability. He died in 1975.

Awards and honors[edit]

Stanley Reinhart received many military decorations during his career. He also became an honorary member of the Russian Guards.

Major General Reinhart´s ribbon bar:

Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
1st Row Army Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster Silver Star Legion of Merit
2nd Row Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster World War I Victory Medal with four Battle Clasps Army of Occupation of Germany Medal American Defense Service Medal
3rd Row American Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two service stars European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with one service star World War II Victory Medal
4th Row Army of Occupation Medal Officer of the Legion of Honor (France) French Croix de guerre 1914–1918 with Palm Soviet Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class

References[edit]

  • The "Angelic" Major General or: Cussing at the Prospect of Combat by Anna Elisabeth Rosmus, published by Old Dominion University in Norfolk, VA, 2010
  • Valhalla Finale by Anna Elisabeth Rosmus, published by Dorfmeister in Tittling, Germany, 2009
  • Ragnarök by Anna Elisabeth Rosmus published by Dorfmeister in Tittling, Germany, 2010

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Newly activated post
Commanding General 65th Infantry Division
1943–1945
Succeeded by
John E. Copeland
Preceded by
Harlan N. Hartnass
Commanding General 26th Infantry Division
July 1945 – November 1945
Succeeded by
Robert W. Grow