Stanley Johnson (writer)
|Member of the European Parliament|
for Wight and Hampshire East
7 June 1979 – 14 June 1984
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Richard Simmonds|
|Born||Stanley Patrick Johnson|
18 August 1940
Penzance, Cornwall, England
|Alma mater||Exeter College, Oxford|
Stanley Patrick Johnson (born 18 August 1940) is a British author and former politician. He has written books on environmental and population issues. He was a Conservative MEP for Wight and Hampshire East from 1979 to 1984 and is a former employee of the World Bank and the European Commission. He is co-chairman of Environmentalists for Europe (E4E), a collection of pro-EU environmentalists campaigning for the UK to remain a member of the EU.
His six children include the former Mayor of London and former Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson; Jo Johnson, MP for Orpington, and former Minister of State for Transport; and Rachel Johnson, the editor, journalist, television presenter and author.
Origins and early life
Johnson was born in 1940 in Penzance, Cornwall, the son of Osman Kemal/Wilfred Johnson and Irene Williams (daughter of Stanley F. Williams of Bromley, Kent and Marie Louise de Pfeffel/Freiin von Pfeffel). His paternal grandfather Ali Kemal, one of the last interior ministers of the Ottoman Empire government, was assassinated during the Turkish War of Independence. Stanley's father was born in 1909 in Bournemouth, at that time in the county of Hampshire, and his birth was registered as Osman Wilfred Kemal. His Anglo-Swiss mother Winifred died shortly after giving birth.
Ali Kemal returned to Turkey in 1912, after which Osman Wilfred and his sister were brought up by their English grandmother, Margaret Brun, and took her maiden name, Johnson, Stanley's father therefore becoming simply Wilfred Johnson. His maternal grandmother's parents were Hubert Freiherr von Pfeffel (born in Munich on 8 December 1843) and his wife Helene von Rivière (born on 14 January 1862). Pfeffel was the son of Karl Freiherr von Pfeffel (born in Dresden on 22 November 1811; died in Munich on 25 January 1890) by his marriage in Augsburg on 16 February 1836 to Karolina von Rothenburg (born in Frankfurt on 28 November 1805; died in Frankfurt on 13 February 1872), herself the natural daughter of Prince Paul of Württemberg by Friederike Porth.
Johnson attended Sherborne School, Dorset. While still an undergraduate reading Greats at Exeter College, Oxford, he took part in the Marco Polo Expedition with Tim Severin and Michael de Larrabeiti, travelling on a motorcycle and sidecar from Oxford to Venice and on to India and Afghanistan. The adventure led to the publication of Severin's 1964 book Tracking Marco Polo, with photographs by Larrabeiti.
Work and interests
He has previously worked at the World Bank, has a great interest in the environment and was the Head of Prevention of Pollution Division at the European Commission from 1973-1979. He is a trustee of the Gorilla Organisation and a board member of Plantlife International. In 1983 he received the RSPCA Richard Martin Award for Outstanding Services to animal welfare, and in 1984 he received the Greenpeace Award for Outstanding Services to the Environment. He is an ambassador for the UNEP Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals based in Bonn, Germany.
He has published a number of books dealing with environmental issues and nine novels, including The Commissioner, which was made into a 1998 film starring John Hurt. In 1962 he won the Newdigate Prize for Poetry.
For a time, starting on 26 May 2005, he wrote a weekly column for the G2 section of The Guardian, and continues to write for various newspapers and magazines, often on environmental topics (see Stanley Johnson personal site below for details). He was one of the first regular hosts of the late night discussion programme The Last Word on Channel 4's More4 channel, and made an appearance on Have I Got News For You on 7 May 2004.
On 5 May 2008, it was reported that Johnson hoped to be selected to contest his son Boris's parliamentary seat of Henley for the Conservative Party.[unreliable source?] However, on 29 May, it was reported that the local Conservative party had chosen three local people as possible candidates and on 30 May, local councillor John Howell was selected to fight the by-election.
He has written a memoir, Stanley I Presume, which was published in March 2009.
Having supported the Remain campaign during the 2016 European Union membership referendum, in October 2017 he came out in support of the United Kingdom leaving the European Union, stating that "the time has come to bail out" and cited the approach and attitude of the European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker as a major factor in his change of mind. He added that argument and debate over the length or detail of any transition or implementation period is expected but the ultimate "end-state" of the UK leaving the European Union is decided.
In November 2017, Johnson was confirmed as a contestant for the seventeenth series of I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here!. He was the fifth person to be eliminated from the show, finishing in seventh place.
In 2018, he appeared on the BBC programme The Real Marigold Hotel, alongside 8 other celebrities.
Johnson married the painter Charlotte Fawcett in Marylebone in 1963, with whom he had four children: Boris, Conservative MP for Uxbridge and South Ruislip, previously Foreign Secretary and Mayor of London; Rachel, journalist and former editor-in-chief of The Lady; Jo, Conservative MP for Orpington and former Minister of State for Transport and Head of Lex at the Financial Times; and Leo, film-maker and entrepreneur. Johnson and Fawcett divorced in 1979. He married Jennifer Kidd in Westminster in 1981 and they had two children, Julia and Maximilian.
- Gold Drain (1967, Heinemann) ISBN B0000CNKG6
- Panther Jones for President (1968, Heinemann) ISBN 0-434-37701-5
- Life without Birth: A Journey Through the Third World in Search of the Population Explosion (1970, Heinemann) ISBN 0-434-37702-3
- The Green Revolution (1972, Hamilton) ISBN 0-241-02102-2
- The Population Problem (1973, David & C) ISBN 0-7153-6282-8
- The Politics of Environment (1973, T Stacey) ISBN 0-85468-298-8
- The Urbane Guerilla (1975, Macmillan) ISBN 0-333-17679-0
- Pollution Control Policy of the EEC (1978, Graham & Trotman) ISBN 0-86010-136-3
- The Doomsday Deposit (1979, EP Dutton) ISBN 0-525-09468-7
- The Marburg Virus (1982, Heinemann) ISBN 0-434-37704-X
- Tunnel (1984, Heinemann) ISBN 0-434-37705-8
- Antarctica: The Last Great Wilderness (1985, Weidenfeld & N) ISBN 0-297-78676-8
- The Commissioner (1987, Century) ISBN 0-7126-1587-3
- World Population and the United Nations (1987, Cambridge UP) ISBN 0-521-32207-3
- Dragon River (1989, Frederick Muller) ISBN 0-09-173526-2
- The Earth Summit: The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) (1993, Kluwer Law International) ISBN 978-1-85333-784-0
- World Population - Turning the Tide (1994, Kluwer Law International) ISBN 1-85966-046-0
- The Environmental Policy of the European Communities (1995, Kluwer Law International) ISBN 90-411-0862-9
- The Politics of Population: Cairo, 1994 (1995, Earthscan) ISBN 1-85383-297-9
- Icecap (1999, Cameron May) ISBN 1-874698-67-8
- Stanley I Presume (2009, Fourth Estate Ltd) ISBN 0-00-729672-X
- Survival: Saving Endangered Migratory Species [co-authored with Robert Vagg] (2010, Stacey International) ISBN 1-906768-11-0
- Where the Wild Things Were: Travels of a Conservationist (2012, Stacey International) ISBN 1-906768-87-0
- UNEP The First 40 Years; A Narrative by Stanley Johnson (2012, United Nations Environment Programme) ISBN 978-92-807-3314-3
- Stanley I Resume (2014, Biteback) ISBN 978-1-84954-741-3
- Kompromat (2017, Point Blank) ISBN 978-1-78607-246-7
- "Stanley Johnson". Profile. 4 August 2012. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "Boris Johnson's father: this could be a career-ending move for my son". The Daily Telegraph. 22 February 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
- "Home - Environmentalists For Europe".
- "Deaths", The Times, p. 1, 1 December 1944.
- Register of Births for the Christchurch Registration District, volume 2b (Dec 1909), p. 621: "KEMAL, Osman Wilfred"
- Register of Deaths for the Christchurch Registration District, volume 2b (Dec 1909), p. 417: "KEMAL, Winifred"
- "Bank holiday Boris promises to work 'night and day' as father eyes his Commons seat". Daily Mail. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
- "Johnson's father in election snub". BBC News. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 31 May 2008.
- "Tory candidate chosen for Henley". BBC News. 30 May 2008. Retrieved 31 May 2008.
- "Stanley Johnson's website - Books page".
- Perring, Rebecca (6 October 2017). "Boris Johnson's Remainer dad now backs Brexit – thanks to JUNCKER". Daily Express. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
- "Meet your 2017 Celebrity Campmates!". ITV. 14 November 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
- Murphy, Joe (14 August 2018). "Boris Johnson's family at war as his brother raps 'bigotry' of burka jibes". Evening Standard. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
- Walden, Celia (11 April 2008). "Stanley Johnson: The man who made Boris". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- Killen, Mary (March 2015). "Boris Johnson's mother on her brilliant brood". Tatler. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
- Stanley Johnson personal site
- Biographical Note, European Environment Agency
- Channel 4 Election Weblogs - Stanley Johnson
- The Guardian ruined my political career! Stanley Johnson's column 26 May 2005.
- Newspaper articles by Stanley Johnson
- Interview with Stanley Johnson, London 2011, for History of the European Commission (1973-86)
|New constituency|| Member of the European Parliament
for Wight and Hampshire East