Stanley River (Queensland)

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Stanley
Stanley River.jpg
Stanley River downstream from the Somerset Dam
Stanley River (Queensland) is located in Queensland
Stanley River (Queensland)
Location of the Stanley River mouth in Queensland
Location
CountryAustralia
StateQueensland
RegionSouth East Queensland
CitiesPeachester, Kilcoy
Physical characteristics
SourceConondale Range
 - locationwest of Landsborough
 - coordinates26°48′58″S 152°54′58″E / 26.81611°S 152.91611°E / -26.81611; 152.91611
 - elevation216 m (709 ft)
Mouthconfluence with the Brisbane River
 - location
below Lake Somerset
 - coordinates
27°9′44″S 152°32′18″E / 27.16222°S 152.53833°E / -27.16222; 152.53833Coordinates: 27°9′44″S 152°32′18″E / 27.16222°S 152.53833°E / -27.16222; 152.53833
 - elevation
64 m (210 ft)
Length35 km (22 mi)
Basin size1,535 km2 (593 sq mi)
Basin features
River systemBrisbane River
Tributaries 
 - leftNeurem Creek, Stony Creek (Queensland), Blackrock Creek, Oaky Creek (Queensland), Reedy Creek (Queensland)
 - rightLondon Creek, Scrubby Creek, Sandy Creek (Queensland), Kilcoy Creek
National parkConondale National Park
[1][2][3]

The Stanley River is a perennial river located in the South East region of Queensland, Australia. A major tributary of the Brisbane River, the Stanley River valley extends roughly 35 kilometres (22 mi) westwards from the area south of Maleny, through Woodford to Kilcoy before veering southwards.

Course and features[edit]

Formed by runoff from the Jimna, Conondale, Bellthorpe and D'Aguilar ranges,[3] the river rises west of Landsborough in the hinterland surrounding the Sunshine Coast and flows generally southwest, joined by eighteen minor tributaries before being impounded by the Somerset Dam built 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) upstream from its confluence with the Brisbane River. The dam was the principal water supply for Brisbane for some fifty years until the construction of the Wivenhoe Dam was completed, forming Lake Wivenhoe. The Stanley River tributaries include Ewen, Crohamhurst, London, Running, Blackrock, One Mile, Monkeybong, Delaney’s, Neurem, Stony, Marysmokes, Scrubby, Sandy, Kilcoy, Sheepstation, Oaky, Byron and Reedy Creeks.

The river courses through one of the heaviest rainfall areas in Australia.[4] The average annual rainfall in the area is 925 millimetres (36.4 in).[5]

Riparian vegetation around the Lake Somerset area have been almost completely cleared for grazing. In the upper reaches bushland remains mostly intact although wildlife corridors have been fragmented and fish stocks reduced.

The Gastric-brooding frog is an extinct frog that was discovered in only three catchments, the Mary River, Mooloolah and Stanley Rivers. The Endangered Giant Barred Frog Mixophyes iteratu has also been recorded on the Stanley River.[6]

History[edit]

Before either dam was built the Stanley and Brisbane Rivers were both prone to flooding. Despite warnings instigated by Henry Somerset who saw flash flooding in the upper reaches of the Stanley River valley, the 1893 Black February floods caused severe flooding downstream in Brisbane and other towns such as Fernvale. The 1893 floods occurred after heavy rains near Peachester.[4]

The river once marked the north-west boundary of the defunct County of Stanley.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Map of Stanley River, QLD". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  2. ^ Strategic Guide to Resource Management in South East Queensland. South East Queensland Regional Strategy Group. 2000. p. 100. ISBN 0-7345-1740-8.
  3. ^ a b "Stanley River Catchment" (PDF). Sub-catchments. SEQ Catchments. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Flood Warning System For The Brisbane River Above Wivenhoe Dam". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Water resources: Groundwater Management Unit: Stanley River". Australian Natural Resources Atlas. Department of Sustainabililty, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  6. ^ Nottidge, B. (2008). Reserve for Environmental Purposes Stanmore - Fauna Survey. Cove Road, Stanmore: Wildlife Warriors - Ecological Services Unit.

External links[edit]