Stanley Smith Stevens

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This article is about a psychologist. For a ship, see SS Stevens.

Stanley Smith Stevens (November 4, 1906 – January 18, 1973)[1] was an American psychologist who founded Harvard's Psycho-Acoustic Laboratory, studying psychoacoustics,[2] and he is credited with the introduction of Stevens' power law. Stevens authored a milestone textbook, the 1400+ page "Handbook of Experimental Psychology" (1951). He was also one of the founding organizers of the Psychonomic Society. In 1946 he introduced a theory of levels of measurement widely used by scientists but criticized by statisticians.[3]

In addition, Stevens played a key role in the development of the use of operational definitions in psychology. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Stevens as the 52nd most cited psychologist of the 20th century.[4]


He was born in Ogden, Utah to Stanely and Adeline (Smith) Stevens and educated in Latter-day Saint-affiliated schools in Salt Lake City, Utah. He spent much of his childhood in the polygamous household of his grandfather Orson Smith. At the death of his parents in 1924, he spent the next 3 years on an LDS mission in Switzerland and Belgium. He attended the University of Utah from 1927 to 1929 and Stanford University for the next two years, graduating with an A.B. in psychology from Stanford in 1931. He married Maxine Leonard in 1930 and had a son, Peter Smith, in 1936.[5]


He mainly was in the field of psychophysics and psychoacoustics. In a paper, he developed the measurement scale (Level of measurement) consisting of Nominal, Ordinal, Ratio, and Interval.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Miller, George A. (1975). Biographical Memoirs 47. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. p. 524. ISBN 978-0-309-02245-3. 
  2. ^ "Obituary: S. Smith Stevens". Physics Today 26 (5): 81. May 1973. doi:10.1063/1.3128068. 
  3. ^ Velleman, Paul F., and Leland Wilkinson. Nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio typologies are misleading The American Statistician, 1993, no. 1, p. 71
  4. ^ Haggbloom, Steven J.; Warnick, Jason E.; Jones, Vinessa K.; Yarbrough, Gary L.; Russell, Tenea M.; Borecky, Chris M.; McGahhey, Reagan et al. (2002). "The 100 most eminent psychologists of the 20th century". Review of General Psychology 6 (2): 139–152. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.6.2.139. 
  5. ^ American Journal of Psychology, 1974, Vol. 87, Issue Nom. 1-2, pp. 279-288
  6. ^ [1], 2001, pp. 15105–15108

Further reading[edit]