Stanley Turrentine

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Stanley Turrentine
Stanley Turrentine 1976.JPG
Turrentine in 1976
Background information
Also known as "Mr. T", "The Sugar Man"
Born (1934-04-05)April 5, 1934
Origin Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died September 12, 2000(2000-09-12) (aged 66)
Genres Bebop, hard bop, jazz blues, soul jazz
Occupation(s) Bandleader, composer, saxophonist
Instruments Tenor saxophone
Years active 1959–2000
Labels Blue Note, Fantasy, CTI, Prestige, Impulse!
Associated acts Shirley Scott, Tommy Turrentine, Jimmy Smith, Freddie Hubbard, Kei Akagi

Stanley William Turrentine (April 5, 1934 – September 12, 2000) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.[1] He began his career playing soul jazz and hard bop on a series of classic albums for Blue Note Records, touched on jazz fusion during a stint on CTI Records in the 1970s, and was described by critic Steve Huey as "renowned for his distinctively thick, rippling tone [and] earthy grounding in the blues."[2] Turrentine was married to organist Shirley Scott in the 1960s, with whom he frequently recorded, and was the younger brother of trumpeter Tommy Turrentine.


Turrentine was born in Pittsburgh's Hill District into a musical family. His father, Thomas Turrentine, Sr., was a saxophonist with Al Cooper's Savoy Sultans, his mother played stride piano, and his older brother Tommy Turrentine became a professional trumpet player.[3]

He began his prolific career with blues and rhythm and blues bands, and was at first greatly influenced by Illinois Jacquet. In the 1950s, he went on to play with the groups of Lowell Fulson and Earl Bostic.

Turrentine received his only formal musical training during his military stint in the mid-'50s. In 1959, he left the military and went straight into the band of the drummer Max Roach.

He married the organist Shirley Scott in 1960 and the two frequently played and recorded together. In the 1960s, he started working with organist Jimmy Smith, and made many soul jazz recordings both with Smith and as a leader.

In the 1970s, after his professional split and divorce from Scott, Turrentine turned to jazz fusion and signed for Creed Taylor's CTI label. His first album for CTI, Sugar proved one of his biggest successes and a seminal recording for the label. He worked with Freddie Hubbard, Milt Jackson, George Benson, Bob James, Richard Tee, Idris Muhammad, Ron Carter, Grant Green and Eric Gale, to name a few. He returned to soul jazz in the 1980s and into the 1990s.

Turrentine lived in Fort Washington, Maryland, from the early 90s until his death.

He died of a stroke in New York City on September 12, 2000, and was buried in Pittsburgh's Allegheny Cemetery.[4]


As leader[edit]

Blue Note Records
CTI Records
Fantasy Records
Elektra Records
Other labels

With Shirley Scott

As sideman[edit]

With Kenny Burrell

With Donald Byrd

With Georgie Fame

  • 1996: The Blues and Me (Go Jazz)

With Roy Hargrove

With Gene Harris

With Freddie Hubbard

With Duke Jordan

With Diana Krall

With Abbey Lincoln

With Les McCann

With Jimmy McGriff

With David "Fathead" Newman

With Horace Parlan

With Duke Pearson

With Ike Quebec

With Dizzy Reece

With Max Roach

With Mongo Santamaria

  • 1970: Mongo's Way (Atlantic)

With Marlena Shaw

  • 1997: Elemental Soul (Concord Jazz)

With Horace Silver

With Jimmy Smith

With Art Taylor

With Tommy Turrentine

  • 1960: Tommy Turrentine (Time Records)


External links[edit]