Stanmore, New South Wales
Sydney, New South Wales
Aerial view of the suburb
|Population||7,938 (2016 census)|
|• Density||3,970/km2 (10,280/sq mi)|
|Area||2.0 km2 (0.8 sq mi)|
|Location||6 km (4 mi) south west of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||Inner West Council|
|Stanmore within the Inner West Council area|
Stanmore is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in New South Wales, Australia 6 kilometres south west of the Sydney central business district. It is part of the local government area of the Inner West Council. It is known for its long strip of shops running along Parramatta Road.
Stanmore was named by a prosperous saddler, John Jones, who purchased land in 1835 where Newington College now stands and called it the Stanmore Estate. Jones named it after his birthplace of Stanmore, now a north-west suburb of London. Land in the present Stanmore area was first allocated to colonial officers by Governor Phillip between 1793 and 1810. Thomas Rowley owned Kingston Farm which occupied the eastern half of Stanmore and much of Newtown, and a portion of George Johnston's Annandale Farm estate covered the area south of Parramatta Road containing Annandale House built in 1799 on the hill between Macaulay and Albany Roads. Johnston marched from here with his troops to Castle Hill on 5 March 1804 to quell the convict revolt. He also rode from here on 26 January 1808 to arrest Governor Bligh during the Rum Rebellion. Johnston planted the first Norfolk pines on the Australian mainland along the line of Percival Road, leading to Parramatta Road.
Stanmore Road was constructed in 1835 and early development occurred in this area. In 1855, the railway divided Stanmore into areas known as North and West Kingston north of the railway, and South Kingston south of the railway. The Kingston Farm had been sold to James Holt in 1835, and North Kingston was subdivided in 1854. South Kingston (between the railway and Stanmore Road) was slowly subdivided from 1857 with isolated large houses built between 1860 and 1870. It was not until the late 19th century that the name Stanmore came into more regular use, replacing Kingston. Municipal boundaries established in 1861 and 1871 placed most of Stanmore into the Municipality of Petersham, with the area south of Stanmore Rd placed into the Municipality of Marrickville. In 1878, Stanmore railway station was established and the streets west of Percival Road were laid out. More intensive development subsequently occurred in this area and the name Stanmore slowly moved northwards from Stanmore to Parramatta Roads. Stanmore became a desirable location, booming in the 1880s and 1890s with the opening of Newington College and the Percival Road shopping area. The naming of streets after English colonies between Derby and Stafford streets reflected the English values of the time. The final subdivision of Johnston's South Annandale estate took place in 1905, and building was not completed until 1916-1918. Annandale House was demolished in 1905, and Weekley Park was established on land donated by the Johnston family.
A small amount of light industry was established in the early 1920s in the area close to Parramatta Road, including H. Small and Co., a chocolate maker opening in 1928, and Starkeys Cordials. Both establishments have since closed and their premises have been converted into offices and apartments.
Stanmore has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 37 Cavendish Street: New South Wales Aboriginal Education Consultative Group Office
- 125 Corunna Road: Corunna Road Sewer Vent and Cottage
- Great Southern and Western railway: Stanmore railway station
In the 2016 Census, there were 7,938 people in Stanmore. 64.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 4.0%, New Zealand 2.3%, Italy 1.5%, China 1.4% and Greece 1.3%. 71.5% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Greek 2.7%, Italian 2.3%, Portuguese 1.9%, Spanish 1.7% and Mandarin 1.6%. The most common responses for religion in Stanmore (NSW) were No Religion, 44.7%, Catholic 21.5%, Not stated 12.2%, Anglican 7.7% and Eastern Orthodox 4.1%.
Commercial area and transport
Stanmore railway station is on the Inner West & Leppington Line of the Sydney Trains network. Stanmore has a small shopping centre beside Stanmore railway station. Commercial developments also run along the length of Parramatta Road.
Both Newington and Stanmore Public are of heritage significance and the main buildings of distinguished designs. Of Newington's design by Thomas Rowe the architectural historian Morton Herman said:
The 1881 building is an almost perfect example of scholastic Gothic Revival architecture.
... the whole building is a very pleasant essay in correct and simple classicism, with the triple stairs giving unexpected dignity.
Sport and recreation
Apart from the private facilities at Newington College, sporting and recreation facilities in Stanmore are limited to a handful of small parks and playgrounds including Weekley Park, Crammond Park and Montague Gardens. Stanmore does lend its name, however, to the Stanmore Hawks soccer club which plays in the NSW State League Division One, the third tier of senior soccer in Sydney.
Churches in Stanmore include St Michael's Catholic Church, St Augustine's Anglican Church, West Kingston Uniting Church, and Stanmore Baptist Church.
Notable people from or who have lived in Stanmore include:
- Sid Barnes (1916–1973), Test cricketer
- Sir Garfield Barwick (1903–1997), Chief Justice of the High Court, raised in Stanmore
- Vivian Gordon Bowden (1884–1942), businessman and diplomat, born in Stanmore
- Euphemia Bridges Bowes (1816–1900), suffragette and social activist, lived in Stanmore
- Thelma Forshaw (1923–1995), writer, journalist, attended St Michael's Catholic School
- Tom Frame (b.1962), Anglican bishop, historian, academic, born in Stanmore
- Richard Gill AO (1941-2018), Conductor and musical education advocate lived in Stanmore
- John Gowing (1835–1908), Gowings founder, lived in Stanmore
- Parker Henson (1905–1999), Chairman Sydney County Council, born in Stanmore
- Harold Holt (1908–1967), Prime Minister, born in Stanmore
- Amy Mathews (b.1979), Home and Away actress
- Leigh Sales- ABC Journalist
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Stanmore (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 246
- Cashman, R and Meader, C. Marrickville- Rural outpost to inner City. Hale & Iremonger Pty Ltd, 1997. ISBN 0-86806-639-7.
- "NSW Aboriginal Education Consultative Group Office and Records". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01964. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
- "Sewer Vent and Cottage". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01635. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Stanmore Railway Station Group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01251. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- The Architecture of Victorian Sydney (Syd, 1956)pp 76
- Sydney's Alderman – William Parker Henson Retrieved 28 June 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stanmore, New South Wales.|
- Stanmore Baptist Church Website
- Olympia Milk Bar, Parramatta Road, Stanmore
- Marrickville Heritage Society
- Official Newtown, Stanmore Government Website
- Chrys Meader - Marrickville Council (2008). "Stanmore". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 29 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]