Stanovoy Range

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Stanovoy Range
Larix gmelinii Neryungrinskiy Rayon 1.jpg
View of some larch woods in the range.
Highest point
PeakMount Skalisty
Elevation2,412 metres (7,913 ft)
Coordinates56°20′N 126°00′E / 56.333°N 126.000°E / 56.333; 126.000Coordinates: 56°20′N 126°00′E / 56.333°N 126.000°E / 56.333; 126.000
Dimensions
Length720 km (450 mi) SW/NE
Width180 km (110 mi) NW/SE
Geography
Stanovoy Range is located in Sakha Republic
Stanovoy Range
Stanovoy Range
The Stanovoy Range is the eastern part of the highlands running from Lake Baikal to the Pacific
CountryRussia
State/ProvinceSakha Republic, Far Eastern Federal District
Geology
Type of rockShale, gneiss and granite intrusions

The Stanovoy Range (Russian: Станово́й хребе́т, Stanovoy khrebet; simplified Chinese: 外兴安岭; traditional Chinese: 外興安嶺; pinyin: Wài Xīng'ān Lǐng), is a mountain range located in southeastern parts of the Russian Far East. It is also known as Sükebayatur and Sükhbaatar in Mongolian, or Outer Khingan Range. The range was first studied and scientifically described by Russian researcher Alexander von Middendorff.[1]

Geography[edit]

The range runs south-west to north-east for almost 800 km, from the Olyokma River in the west, to the Uchur River in the east.[2] almost to the Sea of Okhotsk. It separates the watershed of the Arctic Ocean (via the Lena) from that of the Pacific Ocean (via the Amur). For this reason, it was the border between Russia and China from 1689 (Treaty of Nerchinsk) to 1858 (Treaty of Aigun).

The highest point of the range is Mount Skalisty at 2,412 meters (7,913 ft). The range has many glaciers, which are the main source of the Lena River.

The Yablonovy Range may be considered a southwestern extension of the Stavonoy. Before the 20th century, Stanavoy could also refer to a somewhat mythical range along the west coast of the Sea of Okhotsk.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stanovoy Range - article from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
  2. ^ The Mountains of Southern Siberia

External links[edit]