Stanthorne

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Stanthorne
Stanthorne Hall - geograph.org.uk - 444616.jpg
Stanthorne Hall
Stanthorne is located in the south east corner of Cheshire, which is in the north west of England
Stanthorne is located in the south east corner of Cheshire, which is in the north west of England
Stanthorne
Stanthorne shown within Cheshire
Population 153 (2011 census)
OS grid reference SJ688660
Civil parish
  • Stanthorne
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MIDDLEWICH
Postcode district CW10
Dialling code 01606
Police Cheshire
Fire Cheshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire
53°11′24″N 2°27′58″W / 53.190°N 2.466°W / 53.190; -2.466Coordinates: 53°11′24″N 2°27′58″W / 53.190°N 2.466°W / 53.190; -2.466

Stanthorne is a village and former civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester[1] and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, in the north west of England, approximately 2 miles west of Middlewich. The A54 runs through the village, connecting it to the rail station of Winsford.[2] According to the 2011 census it had a population of 153.[3]

On 1 April 2015, the civil parish amalgamated with Wimboldsley to form Stanthorne and Wimboldsley.[4]

In the 1870s Stanthorne was described as

"a township in Davenham parish, Cheshire; 1 mile WNW of Middlewich. Acres, 1,062. Real property, £2,438. Pop., 161. Houses, 27."[5]

History[edit]

Originally Stanthorne was a township in the ancient parish of Davenham and eventually became a civil parish in 1866. In 1936 a few boundary changes occurred resulting in the addition of a few acres of Clive and Kinderton but the loss of the 358 acres of Winsford.[6] The buildings within Stanthorne include eleven Grade II listed buildings. Stanthorne Hall was built between 1804–1807 by Richard Dutton and is a country house situated to the west of the village. Another important Grade II listed building is Stanthorne Mill located on the River Wheelock.[7] This is an ancient mill site and some of the mill machinery is still present in the interior.[8]

Population and housing[edit]

Population of Stanthorne between 1881 and 2011

In 1881 Stathorne had a population of 193 people.[9] The population stayed at a steady point up until after 1921 when there was a dramatic increase resulting in an overall population of 290 people. However, in the years to follow the population steadily decreased and reached an all-time low of 136 in 1951. Since 1951 the population of Stanthorne has not increased or decreased severely. The gender ratio of Stanthorne at the present time is very equal, with 82 males and 71 females.[10]

The majority of houses in Stanthorne are detached.[11] A greater percentage of the population live as a couple with no dependent children, only 41 people out of the 153 do not live as a couple in Stanthorne. The population density of Stanthorne is 0.5 people per hectare.[12]

Geography[edit]

River Wheelock[edit]

River Wheelock

The River Wheelock runs through the civil parish of Stanthorne. "Wheelock" is derived from the Old Welsh language and means 'winding river'.[13] The river is very small and drains water from the area of Sandbach and Crewe.[14] The river is very popular for fishing in the area and attracts local and distant fishermen.

Geology and topography[edit]

The soil is made up of partly sand and partly clay.[15]

Transport[edit]

In January 2013 proposals were brought forward for the nearby towns of Winsford and Middlewich to be bisected by a new High Speed Two rail line. The proposed route would cut through the parish of Stanthorne.[16] Many resident associations and various wildlife organisations are against the new line as it could cause high levels of disruption not just socially but also environmentally in the local area. So far no final decision has been made on the building of the new line.[17]

Notable people[edit]

Charles Dickens once stayed at Stanthorne Hall during the 1800s, as this is around the time the author wrote Great Expectations it is believed that the character of Miss Havisham was inspired by a spinster who lived in Stanthorne at the time.[18] It is thought that a young woman who lived in Stanthorne lodge unmarried and alone was very similar to the character of Miss Havisham.[19] However, there is much controversy over the story and many competing claims argue that the inspiration originated elsewhere.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stanthorne Hall (1139211)". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Google maps". 
  3. ^ "Stanthorne (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  4. ^ The Cheshire West and Chester Borough Council (Reorganisation of Community Governance) (Stanthorne and Wimboldsley) Order 2015 (PDF), Cheshire West and Chester Council, 30 March 2015, retrieved 8 October 2016 
  5. ^ Wilson, John (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1st ed.). Edinburgh: A.Fullarton and Co. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  6. ^ Langston, Brett. "Cheshire Towns & Parishes". Genuki. UKBMD. 
  7. ^ "Stanthorne Mill – Middlewich". British Listed Buildings. English Heritage. 
  8. ^ "English Heritage". 
  9. ^ "Stanthorne CP/Tn through time". Vision of Britain. University of Portsmouth. 
  10. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 
  11. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 
  12. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics". Population Density. Office for National Statistics. 
  13. ^ Dodgson, J. McN. (1970). p. 38.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Carp Info". 
  15. ^ "British History Online". 
  16. ^ Matthew Taylor (31 January 2013). "£33billion HS2 to cut between Middlewich and Winsford". Middlewich Guardian. 
  17. ^ Matthew Taylor (7 February 2013). "MP backs HS2". Winsford Guardian. 
  18. ^ Dutton, Edward. "Charles Dickens and Stanthorne Hall near Middlewich – Putting a Local Rumour to Rest". Cheshire Magazine. C.C. Publishing. 
  19. ^ Langley, Alan. "Winsford Guardian". 

External links[edit]

Media related to Stanthorne at Wikimedia Commons