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The Stanton number, St, is a dimensionless number that measures the ratio of heat transferred into a fluid to the thermal capacity of fluid. The Stanton number is named after Thomas Edward Stanton (1865–1931). It is used to characterize heat transfer in forced convection flows.
- h = convection heat transfer coefficient
- ρ = density of the fluid
- cp = specific heat of the fluid
- u = speed of the fluid
The Stanton number arises in the consideration of the geometric similarity of the momentum boundary layer and the thermal boundary layer, where it can be used to express a relationship between the shear force at the wall (due to viscous drag) and the total heat transfer at the wall (due to thermal diffusivity).
- St_m is the mass Stanton number;
- Sh is the Sherwood number;
- Re is the Reynolds number;
- Sc is the Schmidt number;
- is defined based on a concentration difference (kg s−1 m−2);
- is the component density of the species in flux.
Boundary Layer Flow
The Stanton number is a useful measure of the rate of change of the thermal energy deficit (or excess) in the boundary layer due to heat transfer from a planar surface. If the enthalpy thickness is defined as 
Then the Stanton number is equivalent to 
for boundary layer flow over a flat plate with a constant surface temperature and properties.
Correlations using Reynolds-Colburn Analogy
Using the Reynolds-Colburn analogy for turbulent flow with a thermal log and viscous sub layer model, the following correlation for turbulent heat transfer for is applicable 
- The Victoria University of Manchester’s contributions to the development of aeronautics
- Bird, Stewart, Lightfoot (2007). Transport Phenomena. New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 428. ISBN 978-0-470-11539-8.
- Reynolds Number
- Kays, Crawford, Weigand (2005). Convective Heat and Mass Transfer. McGraw-Hill.
- Lienhard, Lienhard (2012). A Heat Transfer Texbook. Phlogiston Press.