Stanway is a village and civil parish in Essex, England located near Colchester and within Colchester Borough. It is now widely referred to as a suburb. 'Stanway' is an Anglo-Saxon name for the 'stone way' of the Roman road, now the A12.
Stanway is approximately three miles west of Colchester town centre on the B1408 (former A12), near the junction of the A12 and the A1124 at Eight Ash Green. Colchester Zoo, The Stanway School, Tollgate shopping complex and the Co-operative retail development are among prominent local amenities. Graham Coxon and Damon Albarn, founder members of Blur, met at the local school, The Stanway School.
The £4.3m A12 bypass opened in 1970. Local pubs include the Princess Charlotte (the first pub in the UK to be named after the Royal child) and the Swan on London Road, and Live and Let Live on Millers Lane.
There are three schools – two primary schools and The Stanway School which has academy status, and describes itself as a "Humanities and Maths & Computing College". All three of the schools are close together, on adjacent roads.
In the early Medieval period Stanway had two churches; All Saints' next to Stanway Hall, and St Albright's in Little Stanway on the London Road (now the B1408). All Saints' church, first recorded in about 1260, had fallen out of use during the 16th century, but was repaired and the chancel and north aisle were demolished in about 1605 by Sir John Swinterton, when it became the private chapel to Stanway Hall. In the early 18th century the church was said to be "utterly decayed" and remains a ruin.
The current Church of England parish church is dedicated to Saint Albright, who is generally identified with Saint Ethelbert the King, a king of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of East Anglia, who was killed in 794 AD. It was in existence in the late 11th century and was a parish church soon afterwards but was referred to as a chapel in later documents. The oldest parts of the present building date from the 12th century and incorporate Roman bricks in the heads of some of the windows. A new chancel was added in 1880 when the church was restored by George Gilbert Scott.
Druid of Colchester
In 1996, prior to the expansion of the Stanway Sand & Gravel quarry, an archaeological team was called in to investigate the outline of five ancient ditched enclosures identified by aerial photography. There, just off the A12 to Colchester, they discovered the grave of the "Druid of Colchester".
Sport and leisure
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- 'Stanway: Introduction', A History of the County of Essex: Volume 10: Lexden Hundred (Part) including Dedham, Earls Colne and Wivenhoe (2001), pp. 259-63. Accessed through the online version.
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- 'Stanway: Churches', A History of the County of Essex: Volume 10: Lexden Hundred (2001), pp. 270-273. Accessed through the online version.
- "Church of All Saints, Stanway". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Buckler, George (1856) Twenty-Two Of The Churches Of Essex: Architecturally Described And Illustrated, Bell and Daldy, London (p. 242)
- "Parish Church of St Albright, Stanway". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Games Britannia - 1. Dicing with Destiny, BBC Four, 1:05am Tuesday 8 December 2009
Media related to Stanway, Essex at Wikimedia Commons