Stanwick shown within Northamptonshire
|Population||1,942 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||59.9 miles (96.5 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
There has been a settlement at Stanwick since Roman times at the latest. A Roman villa was excavated in 1984–1992 and several mosaics were found prior to the construction of a bypass and mass excavation of gravel. In 2013, one of the mosaics was returned after study and is now on display in the Visitor Centre at Stanwick Lakes.
Over time the pronunciation and spelling of the name has changed slightly.
- 10th century, it was referred to as "Stan Wigga".
- 1086 in the Domesday Book it is referred to as "Stanwige" and "Stanwica".
- 1137 in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle it is referred to as "Stanwigga".
- 1668 on the funeral monument to John Atkins, Lord of the Manor, it is referred to as "Stanwigge".
The name is derived from the Old English words stan 'stone, rocks' and wic 'dwellings, farm, hamlet'. It means a settlement made of stone. In 1086 the manor of Stanwick was held by Peterborough Abbey but by 1284 there appear to have been two manors.
Nearby settlements include Raunds, Hargrave, Chelveston, Ringstead, Higham Ferrers, Rushden, Thrapston, Irthlingborough and Wellingborough. Stanwick is approximately 15 miles north-east of Northampton and is the largest village in the East Northamptonshire district.
- In 1801 there were 332 persons
- In 1811 there were 397 persons
- In 1821 there were 424 persons
- In 1831 there were 503 persons
- In 1841 there were 577 persons living in 113 households
- In 1851 there were 609 persons living in 134 households
- In 1870 there were 669 persons living in 147 households
- In 1901 there were 901 persons living in 214 households
- In 1911 there were 922 persons living in 212 households
- In 1981 there were 1,343 persons living in 530 households
- In 1991 there were 1,481 persons living in 575 households
- In 2001 there were 1,924 persons living in 733 households
- In 2011 there were 1,942 persons living in 754 households
Stanwick has the largest village population in the district of East Northamptonshire. The village was a ward of Raunds Town Council until April 2000, when Stanwick Parish Council was established. It had originally been an independent parish, but was transferred from Thrapston Rural District to Raunds urban district in 1935.
Stanwick Primary School is a mixed school for children aged from 4 to 11 years old and was awarded a Grade 3 (Requires improvement) rating by OfSTED in 2014. There is the Acorn Day Nursery for children aged from 4 months to 4 years old and there is also a non-profit pre-school playgroup for children aged from 2 to 5 years old.
The following buildings and structures are listed by Historic England as of special architectural or historic interest.
- Raunds bowl barrow (Scheduled Monument) Prehistoric
- Church of St Laurence (Grade I) 13th century
- The Church of St Laurence was built circa 1224 on the site of an earlier church, of which virtually nothing remains. It dominates the local landscape and its octagonal tower and spire are considered an architectural beauty by residents and visitors. The weathercock is 157 feet above ground, and was given to the church in 1880 by the then landlord of the Duke of Wellington public house. (A separate Wikipedia article is being prepared about the Church of St Laurence.)
- Section of wall and attached churchyard cross socket (Grade II) 14th century
- 39 High Street (Grade II) 17th century
- Dovecote Close (Grade II) 17th century
- Manor House (Grade II) 17th century
- Stanwick Hall (Grade II*) 18th century
- The Old Rectory (Grade II*) 18th century
- Grange Farmhouse (Grade II) 18th century
- War Memorial (Grade II) 20th century
Whilst the following Heritage Assets are not listed with Historic England, they are of historical importance to the village.
- Georgian Post Box
- Duke of Wellington Public House (rebuilt 1817)
- Various Stone Walls through the village (circa 1838)
- The Old School Rooms (built 1839)
- Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee marker (1897)
- Red Telephone Box
- Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee marker (2012)
- World War I Commemorative Plaque (2014)
Between 1960 and 1990 the village lost three important buildings.
- Stanwick House was demolished following a fire.
- Hill House was demolished after it deteriorated structurally.
- Stanwick Water Mill was demolished as it was surplus to requirements and gravel extraction was about to start in the area.
Amenities and events
An annual fundraising event for St Laurence church is organised by The Friends of Stanwick Church (FoSC) and starts with The Teddy Bear Parachute Jump where children's brave Teddy bears wearing parachutes are dropped from the top of the church. A volunteer rescue team is on hand, should any bear get into difficulties!
The Stanwick Races Event is held annually on Easter Monday and consists of a 10 km Road Race and a 2 km Fun Run. It is organised by volunteers from the village and the surrounding area. It includes participants from a number of countries in addition to semi-professionals and amateurs from the local area.
In 2006 Stanwick Lakes opened. It is a country park on the outskirts of the village, managed by the Rockingham Forest Trust on behalf of East Northamptonshire District Council. It comprises 750 acres (304 hectares) of former gravel pits and is part of the larger River Nene Regional Park. Located in close proximity to the country park is a selection of fishing lakes.
In 2009 the Parish Council purchased 10 acres (4 hectares) of land, now called the "Parish Fields", at the eastern end of the village that, when fully developed, will include a pocket park, wildflower meadow, recreation area and allotments.
In 2011 a new Village Hall was built in the village near to the church, replacing the old "Shant" and former British Legion Hall.
In 2012 The Post Office moved across the High Street to the site of The Old School (established by a Trust Deed in 1839). In the refurbished building there is also an enlarged shop, a cafe and a bistro.
- David S. Neal (1989). "The Stanwick Villa, Northants: An Interim Report on the Excavations of 1984–88". Britannia. 20: 149–168. doi:10.2307/526160. JSTOR 526160.
- Raunds Area Survey: An archaeological study of the landscape of Raunds, Northamptonshire 1985-1994, Stephen Parry ISBN 1-84217-180-1
- Stanwick Quarry, Northamptonshire, Raunds Area Project: Phasing the Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement at Stanwick, Northamptonshire (Excavations 1984-1992). Volume Two Archaeological report Issue 54, Part 2011 of Research Department report series, ISSN 1749-8775 (Vicky Crosby, Liz Muldowney, English Heritage)
- Mural monument in the chancel of St Laurence Church
- Stanwick History
- "4 Spires Benefice". Retrieved 2015-09-11.
- A Vision of Britain
- Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, J M Wilson 1870-1872
- Office for National Statistics
- Mrs J Cutmore, author of 'Stanwick – A Retrospective Glance'
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