Stapeley

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Farmland by Annions Lane

Stapeley is a hamlet (at SJ675496) and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. The hamlet lies 2¼ miles to the south east of Nantwich. The parish also includes the small settlements of Broad Lane and Butt Green, and parts of Artle Brook, Haymoor Green and Howbeck Bank, as well as a recent residential development north of the A5301 adjacent to Nantwich.[1][2] In 2008, the total population was estimated to be a little under 3000. Nearby villages include Shavington, Willaston and Wybunbury.

History[edit]

Stapeley Water Gardens in 2006

Stapeley appears in the Domesday survey as Steple; it was then held by William Malbank, who held much of the land in the Nantwich hundred.[3]

Stapeley Water Gardens garden centre at Butt Green (SJ664512) opened in 1965 and became a major tourist attraction, drawing 1.3 million annual visitors.[4] It included a small zoo, the Palms Tropical Oasis. The zoo closed in 2010, and the remainder of the Water Gardens closed the following year.[5][6][7]

The Cronkinson Farm housing estate was built in the 1990s and further residential development adjacent to the town of Nantwich followed, reducing the rural character of the northern part of the civil parish.[4]

Governance[edit]

Stapeley is administered by Stapeley and District Parish Council jointly with the adjacent parish of Batherton.[2][8] From 1974 the civil parish was served by Crewe and Nantwich Borough Council, which was succeeded on 1 April 2009 by the new unitary authority of Cheshire East.[9] Stapeley falls in the parliamentary constituency of Crewe and Nantwich,[10] which has been represented by Edward Timpson since a by-election in 2008.

Geography and transport[edit]

Palms Tropical Oasis at Stapeley Water Gardens in 2006

The civil parish has a total area of 1,247 acres (505 ha).[11] The terrain is predominantly flat, with an average elevation of around 50 metres. To the north of the A5301 is residential, adjacent to the south-east part of the town of Nantwich. The remainder of the civil parish is predominantly rural, with the major land use being agricultural. Howbeck Brook forms part of the southern boundary of the parish; several unnamed brooks run through the parish, and there are many scattered small meres and ponds. The parish contains a few small areas of woodland, including Drivers Copse.[12][13]

Three major A roads serve the parish: the A51 (London Road) runs north–south, the A529 (Broad Lane) forms part of the western boundary, and the A500 runs through the north of the parish on or near the boundary, meeting the A51 on the edge of the town of Nantwich. Additionally, the A5301 (Peter Destapleigh Way) runs east–west through the north of the parish, connecting the A51 and the A529. Two lanes run from the A51 towards Wybunbury: Wybunbury Lane runs eastwards at Butt Green, while Annions Lane runs northwards along the eastern parish boundary near Howbeck Bank. First and Second Dig Lanes both run broadly east–west, connecting the A51 and the A529; Stapeley village is located around Second Dig Lane.[12][13]

The Welsh Marches Railway forms part of the northern boundary of the parish; the nearest station is Nantwich. The Crewe and Nantwich Circular Walk runs east–west through the parish, in part following First Dig Lane.[12][13]

Demography[edit]

The population of the civil parish has grown rapidly over the past decade, largely due to the development of the Cronkinson Farm Estate in the north of the parish. In 2005, Cheshire County Council estimated the civil parish had a population of 2410, while Stapeley and District Council estimated that this had increased to 3000 in 2008.[2] The parish had a population of 1048, in 413 households, in the 2001 census.[14] The 2008 estimate represents an almost sixfold increase over the population in 1951; the historical population figures were 249 (1801), 462 (1851), 686 (1901) and 513 (1951).[1]

Landmarks[edit]

Stapeley House is a small country house on London Road (at SJ670505) which was formerly the seat of the Folliott family; it is listed at grade II. Dating originally from 1778, it has three storeys and five bays in red brick. It was altered in the late 1840s by Anthony Salvin, who added a classical stone frontispiece and canted bay windows, and also laid out the gardens. It has now been converted into offices.[15][16][17] Another grade-II-listed building on London Road is Stapeley Old Hall (SJ674502), a late Georgian house in stuccoed brick, dating from the early 19th century. It features a large central semi-circular bow with a conical roof around the main entrance.[15][16][18]

Stapeley Broad Lane School

Two timber-framed farmhouses are listed at grade II: Yewtree Farmhouse on Annions Lane (SJ681501) dates from the late 16th or early 17th century, and Haymoorgreen Farmhouse on Wybunbury Lane (SJ679508) dates from before 1626; both properties are unusual in retaining one or more wattle and daub panels.[19][20] Manor Farmhouse on Newcastle Road (SJ675517) dates from the early 18th century, and Oakfield on Stapeley Road (SJ675498) dates from the late 18th or early 19th century; both buildings are in orange brick and are listed at grade II.[21][22]

Stapeley Grange Wildlife Hospital is on London Road near First Dig Lane.[12]

Education[edit]

Two primary schools are located within the civil parish. Pear Tree Primary School (SJ661515) serves the northern area of the parish.[23] Stapeley Broad Lane Church of England Primary School (at SJ663504, on the boundary with Batherton) serves the remainder of the parish of Stapeley, together with Batherton and Hatherton.[24] The parish falls within the catchment area of Brine Leas High School in Nantwich.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b UK & Ireland Genealogy: Stapeley (accessed 25 February 2009)
  2. ^ a b c Stapeley Parish Plan 2008 (accessed 31 March 2010)
  3. ^ The Domesday Book Online: Cheshire L–Z (accessed 26 February 2009)
  4. ^ a b Stapeley & District Parish Council: A Brief History of Stapeley (accessed 10 February 2015)
  5. ^ Stapeley Water Gardens: Palms Tropical Oasis (accessed 25 February 2009)
  6. ^ Stapeley Water Gardens: Palms Tropical Oasis: Planning Developments (12 May 2010) (accessed 13 September 2010)
  7. ^ BBC News: Stapeley Water Gardens to close after 45 years (accessed 10 February 2015)
  8. ^ Cheshire County Council: Parish Council Details: Stapeley and District Parish Council (accessed 29 January 2009)
  9. ^ Cheshire (Structural Changes) Order 2008
  10. ^ Cheshire County Council: Interactive Mapping: Crewe and Nantwich (accessed 27 January 2009)
  11. ^ Crewe & Nantwich Borough Council: Parish Statistics (downloaded from [1]; 5 April 2010)
  12. ^ a b c d Cheshire County Council: Interactive Mapping: Stapeley CP (accessed 25 February 2009)
  13. ^ a b c Ordnance Survey Explorer 257: Crewe & Nantwich
  14. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics: Stapeley CP (accessed 25 February 2009)
  15. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus & Hubbard, Edward (1971). The Buildings of England: Cheshire, p. 338 (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books) (ISBN 0 14 071042 6)
  16. ^ a b Robinson, John Martin (1991). A Guide to the Country Houses of the North-West, p. 64 (London: Constable) (ISBN 0 09 469920 8)
  17. ^ Images of England: Stapeley House (accessed 25 February 2009)
  18. ^ Images of England: Stapeley Old Hall (No.190) (accessed 25 February 2009)
  19. ^ Images of England: Yewtree Farmhouse (accessed 25 February 2009)
  20. ^ Images of England: Haymoorgreen Farmhouse (accessed 25 February 2009)
  21. ^ Images of England: Manor Farmhouse (accessed 25 February 2009)
  22. ^ Images of England: Oakfield (accessed 25 February 2009)
  23. ^ Cheshire County Council: Interactive Mapping: Pear Tree Primary School (accessed 25 February 2009)
  24. ^ Cheshire County Council: Interactive Mapping: Stapeley Broad Lane Church of England Primary School (accessed 25 February 2009)
  25. ^ Cheshire County Council: Interactive Mapping: Brine Leas High School (accessed 25 February 2009)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°02′35″N 2°29′02″W / 53.043°N 2.484°W / 53.043; -2.484