Staphylococcus capitis

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Staphylococcus capitis
CSF S capitis 2013-11-08.JPG
S. capitis in cerebrospinal fluid.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Bacilli
Order: Bacillales
Family: Staphylococcaceae
Genus: Staphylococcus
Species: S. capitis

Staphylococcus capitis is a coagulase-negative species (CoNS) of Staphylococcus. It is part of the normal flora of the skin of the human scalp, face, neck, and ears and has been associated with prosthetic valve endocarditis, but is rarely associated with native valve infection.[1]

Clinical importance[edit]

CoNS produce a slimy biofilm enabling them to adhere to medical devices such as prosthetic valves and catheters and makes them difficult to remove by patient immune response to antibiotic therapy. As native flora of the skin and mucous membranes, they may be introduced anytime these are punctured, i.e. at the time of device placement, venipuncture, or through breaks in the mucous membrane or skin. CoNS species, such as S. epidermidis and S. capitis, are recorded as the most common cause of prosthetic valve endocarditis.[2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kloos, W. E.; Schleifer, K. H. (1975). "Isolation and Characterization of Staphylococci from Human Skin II. Descriptions of Four New Species: Staphylococcus warneri, Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus hominis, and Staphylococcus simulans". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 25 (1): 62–79. doi:10.1099/00207713-25-1-62. ISSN 0020-7713. 
  2. ^ Van Der Zwet WC, Debets-Ossenkopp YJ, Reinders E, et al. (July 2002). "Nosocomial spread of a Staphylococcus capitis strain with heteroresistance to vancomycin in a neonatal intensive care unit". J. Clin. Microbiol. 40 (7): 2520–5. doi:10.1128/JCM.40.7.2520-2525.2002. PMC 120592Freely accessible. PMID 12089273. 
  3. ^ D'mello D, Daley AJ, Rahman MS, et al. (September 2008). "Vancomycin heteroresistance in bloodstream isolates of Staphylococcus capitis". J. Clin. Microbiol. 46 (9): 3124–6. doi:10.1128/JCM.00592-08. PMC 2546727Freely accessible. PMID 18596138. 
  4. ^ Iwase T, Seki K, Shinji H, Mizunoe Y, Masuda S (October 2007). "Development of a real-time PCR assay for the detection and identification of Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus haemolyticus and Staphylococcus warneri". J. Med. Microbiol. 56 (Pt 10): 1346–9. doi:10.1099/jmm.0.47235-0. PMID 17893172. 

External links[edit]