Star (keelboat)

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Star
Star red.svg
Class symbol
Star (keelboat).svg
Development
Designer Francis Sweisguth
Year 1910
Boat
Crew 2 (Skipper + Crew)
S + 1.5 C ≤ 250 kg (550 lb)[1]
Draft 1.016 m (3 ft 4 in)
Hull
Type keelboat
Hull weight ≥ 671 kg (1,479 lb)
(including keel)
[2]
LOA 6.922 m (22 ft 9 in)[2]
LWL 4.724 m (15 ft 6 in)
Beam 1.734 m (5 ft 8 in) at deck
1.372 m (4 ft 6 in) at chine
Hull appendages
Keel/board type bulb keel
401.5 ± 7 kg (885 ± 15 lb)[2]
Rig
Rig type sloop
Mast length 9.652 m (31 ft 8 in)
Sails
Mainsail area 20.5 m2 (221 sq ft)
Jib/genoa area  6.0 m2 (65 sq ft)
Upwind sail area ≤ 26.5 m2 (285 sq ft)
Former Olympic class

The Star is a 6.9 metres (23 ft) one-design racing keelboat for two people designed by Francis Sweisguth in 1910. The Star was the primary Olympic class keelboat from 1932 through 2012 (the last year for the event). It is now the primary class for the Star Sailors League circuit.

It is sloop-rigged, with a mainsail larger in proportional size than any other boat of its length. Unlike most modern racing boats, it does not use a spinnaker when sailing downwind. Instead, when running downwind a whisker pole is used to hold the jib out to windward for correct wind flow. Early Stars were built from wood, but modern boats are generally made of fiberglass. The boat must weigh at least 671 kg (1,479 lb) with a maximum total sail area of 26.5 m2 (285 sq ft).[3][2][1] The Star class pioneered an unusual circular boom vang track, which allows the vang to effectively hold the boom down even when the boom is turned far outboard on a downwind run. Another notable aspect of Star sailing is the extreme hiking position adopted by the crew and at times the helmsman, who normally use a harness to help hang low off the windward side of the boat with only their lower legs inside.

History[edit]

Original sail plan (pre-1922)

The Star was designed in 1910 by Francis Sweisguth—draftsman for William Gardner's Naval Architect office—and the first 22 were built in Port Washington, New York by Ike Smith during the winter of 1910–11. Since that time, over 8,400 boats have been built, with more than 2,000 actively racing in 170 fleets.[4]

The hull is a hard chine design with a slight curve to the bottom section, and a bulb keel. Stars were originally rigged with a large, low-aspect-ratio gunter mainsail and jib, which was replaced by a short bermuda rig in 1921, before the current tall bermuda sail plan was adopted in 1930. In 1965, fiberglass replaced wood as the primary hull material. Other changes to the strict design rules for the Star class, include adding flexible spars, an innovative circular-track boom vang, and self-bailers.[4]

Events[edit]

Star Boats North American Championships June 2013
Star Boats NHYC North American Championships June 2013

Olympics[edit]

The Star was added to the Olympic roster for the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. Due to World War II, there were no Olympic games held in 1940 or 1944, and for 1976, the Star was replaced by the Tempest for keelboat competition. During the 2011 Mid-Year Meeting in St. Petersburg, keelboats were removed from Sailing at the 2016 Summer Olympics, and therefore the Star class was not in competition for the games in Rio de Janeiro.[5]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1932 Los Angeles
details
 United States (USA)
Gilbert Gray
Andrew Libano
 Great Britain (GBR)
George Colin Ratsey
Peter Jaffe
 Sweden (SWE)
Gunnar Asther
Daniel Sundén-Cullberg
1936 Berlin
details
 Germany (GER)
Peter Bischoff
Hans-Joachim Weise
 Sweden (SWE)
Arvid Laurin
Uno Wallentin
 Netherlands (NED)
Bob Maas
Willem de Vries Lentsch
1948 London
details
 United States (USA)
Hilary Smart
Paul Smart
 Cuba (CUB)
Carlos de Cardenas
Carlos de Cardenas, Jr.
 Netherlands (NED)
Adriaan Maas
Edward Stutterheim
1952 Helsinki
details
 Italy (ITA)
Agostino Straulino
Nicolò Rode
 United States (USA)
John Price
John Reid
 Portugal (POR)
Joaquim Fiúza
Francisco de Andrade
1956 Melbourne
details
 United States (USA)
Herbert Williams
Lawrence Low
 Italy (ITA)
Agostino Straulino
Nicolò Rode
 Bahamas (BAH)
Durward Knowles
Sloane Farrington
1960 Rome
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Timir Pinegin
Fyodor Shutkov
 Portugal (POR)
Mário Quina
José Manuel Quina
 United States (USA)
William Parks
Robert Halperin
1964 Tokyo
details
 Bahamas (BAH)
Durward Knowles
Cecil Cooke
 United States (USA)
Richard Stearns
Lynn Williams
 Sweden (SWE)
Pelle Pettersson
Holger Sundström
1968 Mexico City
details
 United States (USA)
Lowell North
Peter Barrett
 Norway (NOR)
Peder Lunde Jr.
Per Wiken
 Italy (ITA)
Franco Cavallo
Camillo Gargano
1972 Kiel
details
 Australia (AUS)
David Forbes
John Anderson
 Sweden (SWE)
Pelle Petterson
Stellan Westerdahl
 West Germany (FRG)
Wilhelm Kuhweide
Karsten Meyer
1980 Moscow
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Valentin Mankin
Aleksandr Muzychenko
 Austria (AUT)
Hubert Raudaschl
Karl Ferstl
 Italy (ITA)
Giorgio Gorla
Alfio Peraboni
1984 Los Angeles
details
 United States (USA)
William Earl Buchan
Steven Erickson
 West Germany (FRG)
Joachim Griese
Michael Marcour
 Italy (ITA)
Giorgio Gorla
Alfio Peraboni
1988 Seoul
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Michael McIntyre
Bryn Vaile
 United States (USA)
Mark Reynolds
Harold Haenel
 Brazil (BRA)
Torben Grael
Nelson Falcão
1992 Barcelona
details
 United States (USA)
Mark Reynolds
Harold Haenel
 New Zealand (NZL)
Rod Davis
Don Cowie
 Canada (CAN)
Ross MacDonald
Eric Jespersen
1996 Atlanta
details
 Brazil (BRA)
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
 Sweden (SWE)
Hans Wallen
Bobby Lohse
 Australia (AUS)
Colin Beashel
David Giles
2000 Sydney
details
 United States (USA)
Mark Reynolds
Magnus Liljedahl
 Great Britain (GBR)
Ian Walker
Mark Covell
 Brazil (BRA)
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
2004 Athens
details
 Brazil (BRA)
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
 Canada (CAN)
Ross MacDonald
Mike Wolfs
 France (FRA)
Pascal Rambeau
Xavier Rohart
2008 Beijing
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Iain Percy
Andrew Simpson
 Brazil (BRA)
Robert Scheidt
Bruno Prada
 Sweden (SWE)
Fredrik Lööf
Anders Ekström
2012 London
details
 Sweden (SWE)
Fredrik Lööf
Max Salminen
 Great Britain (GBR)
Iain Percy
Andrew Simpson
 Brazil (BRA)
Robert Scheidt
Bruno Prada

World Championships[edit]

The Star World Championships has been held annually since 1923. Most titles has American sailor Lowell North won, with five titles between 1945 and 1973 and another seven podiums. The most crowned skipper-crew combination is Italian duo Agostino Straulino and Nicolò Rode and Brazilian duo Torben Grael and Marcelo Ferreira with three titles each. Also, American Mark Reynolds has three titles, but with different crew.

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1923 Western Long Island Sound
details
 Taurus (USA)
William Inslee
Robert Nelson
 Astray (USA)
H. Wylie
Ernest Ratsey
 Doris (USA)
R. Walton
L. Carey
1924 Western Long Island Sound
details
 Little Bear (USA)
Jack Robinson
Arthur Knapp, Jr.
 Rhody (USA)
Ben Comstock
William Gidley
 California (USA)
B. Weston
R. Schauer
1925 Western Long Island Sound
details
 Ace (USA)
Adrian Iselin
Ed Willis
 Auriga (CAN)
G. H. C. Phillips
C. G. Davis
 Movie Star II (USA)
B. Rey Schauer
Ed. Gillett
1926 Western Long Island Sound
details
 Rhody (USA)
Ben Comstock
William Gidley
 Ardora (USA)
D. Starring
F. Bedford
 Dona Bertha (USA)
H. Fisher
H. Denhie
1927 Narragansett Bay
details
 Tempe III (USA)
Walt Hubbard, Jr.
Richard Edwards
 Coleen (USA)
F. Bedford
B. Cunningham
 Mackerel (USA)
H. Smith
W. Henderson
1928 Newport Harbor
details
 Sparkler II (USA)
Prentice Edrington
Gilbert Gray
 Okla (USA)
Joseph Watkins
Arthur Knapp, Jr.
 Windward (USA)
J. Jessop
J. Sykes
1929 New Orleans
details
 Eel (USA)
Graham Johnson
Lawdens Johnson
 Sparkler II (USA)
Gilbert Gray
Prentice Edrington
 Okla II (USA)
Joseph Watkins
William McHugh
1930 Chesapeake Bay
details
 Peggy Wee (USA)
Arthur Knapp, Jr.
Newell Weed
 Tempe IV (USA)
W. Hubbard
T. Dittmar
 Okla II (USA)
Joseph Watkins
William McHugh
1931 Western Long Island Sound
details
 Coleen (USA)
William McHugh
Joseph Watkins
 Joy (GBR)
Colin Ratsey
S. Elsbree
 Zoa (USA)
Edward Fink
A. McCrate
1932 Central Long Island Sound
details
 Mist (USA)
Edward Fink
Edwin Thorne
 Wings (USA)
C. Pflug
J. Pflug
 Laura G (USA)
R. Bradley
P. Singer
1933 Long Beach Harbour
details
 Three Star (USA)
William Glenn Waterhouse
Woodbridge Metcalf
 Mist (USA)
Edwin Thorne
L. Thorne
 Chip (USA)
H. Dowsett, Jr.
H. White
1934 San Francisco
details
 By-C (USA)
Hook Beardslee
Myron Lehmann
 Andiamo III (USA)
J. Arms
J. Abberley
 Ace (USA)
Adrian Iselin
W. White
1935 Newport Harbour
details
 By-C (USA)
Hook Beardslee
Myron Lehmann
 Ace (USA)
Adrian Iselin
Ed Willis
 Three Star (USA)
William Glenn Waterhouse
Woodbridge Metcalf
1936 Lake Ontario
details
 Ace (USA)
Adrian Iselin
Garrett Horder
 By-C (USA)
Hook Beardslee
Myron Lehmann
 Chuckle II (USA)
H. Halsted
W. Halsey
1937 Western Long Island Sound
details
 Lecky (USA)
Milton Wegeforth
G. K. C. Phillips
 Pimm (BRA)
Walter von Hütschler
Joachim Weise
 Chuckle II (USA)
H. Halsted
W. Halsey
1938 San Diego
details
 Pimm (BRA)
Walter von Hütschler
Joachim Weise
 Gale (USA)
Harry Nye, Jr.
L. Lehmann
 Mercury (USA)
J. McAleese
F. Graham
1939 Kiel
details
 Pimm (BRA)
Walter von Hütschler
Edgar Beyn
 Polluce (ITA)
Agostino Straulino
Nicolò Rode
 Maggel (GER)
Peter Hansohm
Christian Blankenburg
1940 San Diego
details
 Rambunctious (USA)
James Cowie
Gordon Cowie
 Jade (USA)
Robert White
R. Holcomb
 Twin Star (USA)
Lockwood Pirie
R. Miller
1941 Los Angeles
details
 Wench (USA)
George Fleitz
William Severence
 Gale (USA)
Harry Nye, Jr.
J. Michael
 Scout III (USA)
Myron Lehmann
P. McKibben
1942 Lake Michigan
details
 United States
Harry Nye, Jr.
Stanley Fahlström
 United States
S. Potter
B. Douglass
 United States
T. Scripps
M. Watson
1943 Great South Bay
details
 United States
Arthur Deacon
Perry Roehm
 United States
W. Picken, Jr.
J. Forrington
 Cuba
Carlos de Cárdenas
G. Carricaburu
1944 Lake Michigan
details
 United States
Gerald Driscoll
Malin Burnham
 United States
Robert Lippincott
E. Shivelhood
 United States
H. Williams
A. Nye
1945 Central Long Island Sound
details
 United States
Malin Burnham
Lowell North
 United States
J. Cowie
Walter Krug
 United States
E. W. Etchells
Mary Etchelles
1946 Havana
details
 Wench II (USA)
George Fleitz
Walter Krug
 Pagan (USA)
Robert White
Gordon Holcombe
 Gem II (BAH)
Durward Knowles
Robert Levin
1947 Los Angeles
details
 Gem II (BAH)
Durward Knowles
Robert Levin
 Hilarius (USA)
Hilary Smart
Stan Ogilvy
 Glider (USA)
Richard Stearns
Robert Rodgers
1948 Cascais
details
 Twin Star (USA)
Lockwood Pirie
Harry Rugeroni
 Polluce (ITA)
Agostino Straulino
Nicolò Rode
 Hilarius (USA)
Hilary Smart
Paul Smart
1949 Chicago
details
 Gale (USA)
Harry Nye, Jr.
Stanley Fahlstrom
 Blue Star II (USA)
Robert Lippincott
Robert Levin
 Flame (USA)
Stan Ogilvy
Owen Torrey
1950 Chicago
details
 Sea Robin (USA)
Robert Lippincott
Robert Levin
 Twin Star (USA)
Lockwood Pirie
Charles Turtle
 Shillalah (USA)
E. W. Etchells
Mary Etchelles
1951 Gibson Island
details
 Shillalah (USA)
E. W. Etchells
Mary Etchelles
 Magic (USA)
Richard Stearns
Robert Rodgers
 Flame (USA)
Stan Ogilvy
Whitney Stueck
1952 Cascais
details
 Merope (ITA)
Agostino Straulino
Nicolò Rode
 Flower (USA)
Robert Lippincott
Dan Hubers
 Faneca (POR)
Duarte Bello
Fernando Bello
1953 Naples
details
 Merope II (ITA)
Agostino Straulino
Nicolò Rode
 Faneca (POR)
Duarte Bello
João Miguel Tito
 Asterope (ITA)
Tito Nordio
Livio Sangulin
1954 Cascais
details
 Kurush V (CUB)
Carlos de Cárdenas
Carlos de Cárdenas, Jr.
 Gem II (BAH)
Durward Knowles
Sloane Farrington
 Merope II (ITA)
Agostino Straulino
Nicolò Rode
1955 Havana
details
 Kurush V (CUB)
Carlos de Cárdenas
Carlos de Cárdenas, Jr.
 Kurush IV (CUB)
Jorge de Cárdenas
Alberto Garcia Tunon
 Vengeance (USA)
William Gentzlinger
Clair L. Farrand
1956 Naples
details
 Merope II (ITA)
Agostino Straulino
Nicolò Rode
 North Star III (USA)
Lowell North
James B. Hill
 Kurush IV (CUB)
Álvaro de Cárdenas
Jorge de Cárdenas
1957 Havana
details
 North Star III (USA)
Lowell North
James B. Hill
 Candide (FRA)
Albert Debarge
Paul Bert Elvstrøm
 Star of the Sea (BAH)
Joseph Duplin
Peter Wilhauser
1958 San Diego
details
 Nhycusa (USA)
William P. Ficker
Mark Yorston
 Perseverance (USA)
Chick Rollins
William Pickford
 Dingo (USA)
Ding Schoonmaker
Malin Burnham
1959 Newport Harbour
details
 North Star III (USA)
Lowell North
Mort Carlile
 Turmoil (USA)
Gary Comer
Bill Hackel
 Nhycusa (USA)
William P. Ficker
Tom Skahill
1960 Rio de Janeiro
details
 North Star III (USA)
Lowell North
Tom Skahill
 Deacon (USA)
Donald K. Edler
Kent Edler
 Fierce (USA)
Robert Lippincott
Frank Hogg
1961 San Diego Bay
details
 Frolic (USA)
Bill Buchan
Douglas Knight
 Tranquil (USA)
John Bennett
John McKeague
 North Star IV (USA)
Lowell North
Tom Skahill
1962 Cascais
details
 Glider (USA)
Richard Stearns
Lynn Williams
 Faneca (POR)
Duarte Bello
Fernando Bello
 Shanty (USA)
E. W. Etchells
R. M. Allan III
1963 Chicago
details
 Star of the Sea (USA)
Joseph Duplin
Francis Dolan
 North Star (USA)
Lowell North
Tom Skahill
 Wayward Wind (USA)
Blair Fletcher
Asa L. Colson
1964 Boston Harbour
details
 Big Daddy (USA)
Donald K. Edler
Kent Edler
 Star of the Sea (USA)
Joseph Duplin
Francis Dolan
 Chatterbox (USA)
Malin Burnham
Charles Lewsadder
1965 Newport Harbour
details
 Mache (USA)
Donald Bever
Charles Lewsadder
 Chatterbox (USA)
Malin Burnham
James Reynolds
 Frolic (USA)
Bill Buchan
Douglas Knight
1966 Kiel
details
 Scandale (DEN)
Paul Bert Elvstrøm
John Albrechtson
 North Star (USA)
Lowell North
Peter Barrett
 Glider (USA)
Richard Stearns
Lynn Williams
1967 Copenhagen
details
 Scandale (DEN)
Paul Bert Elvstrøm
Poul Mik-Meyer
 North Star (USA)
Lowell North
Peter Barrett
 Swingin' Star (USA)
Donald Trask
William Kreysler
1968 not held because of the 1968 Summer Olympics
1969 San Diego
details
 Humbug VII (SWE)
Pelle Pettersson
Ulf Schröder
 Good Grief! (USA)
Tom Blackaller
Gary Mull
 North Star (USA)
Lowell North
Peter Barrett
1970 Marstrand
details
 Frolic (USA)
Bill Buchan
Carl F. Sutter
 Dingo (USA)
Ding Schoonmaker
Arne Akerson
 Blott X (SWE)
Stig Wennerström
Sture Christiansen
1971 Puget Sound
details
 Menace (USA)
Dennis Conner
James Reynolds
 Something Else (USA)
Lowell North
Peter Barrett
 Contact (SWE)
John Albrechtson
Göran Tell
1972 Caracas
details
 Sunny (FRG)
Wilhelm Kuhweide
Karsten Meyer
 Buho Blanco (BRA)
Joerg Bruder
Claudio Biekarch
 Dingo (USA)
Ding Schoonmaker
Thomas Dudinsky
1973 San Diego
details
 North Star (USA)
Lowell North
Peter Barrett
 Frolic (USA)
Bill Buchan
Craig Thomas
 Streaker (USA)
Tom Blackaller
Ron Anderson
1974 Laredo
details
 Swift (USA)
Tom Blackaller
Ron Anderson
 Humbug XVIII (SWE)
Pelle Pettersson
Ingvar Hansson
 Gem (BAH)
Durward Knowles
Gerald Ford
1975 Lake Michigan
details
 Dingo (USA)
Ding Schoonmaker
Jerry Ford
 Impossible (USA)
Tom Blackaller
Ron Anderson
 Virgo III (USA)
Peter Wright
Bill Wright
1976 Nassau
details
 Mustard Seed (USA)
James Allsopp
Michael Guhin
 Frolic (USA)
Bill Buchan
Earl Lasher
 Suzanne (USA)
Barton Beek
William Munster
1977 Kiel
details
 United States
Dennis Conner
Ron Anderson
 Sweden
Sune Carlsson
Leif Carlsson
 West Germany
Uwe von Below
Franz Wehofsich
1978 San Francisco
details
 United States
Buddy Melges
Andreas Josenhans
 United States
Dennis Conner
Ron Anderson
 United States
Tom Blackaller
Ed Bennett
1979 Marstrand
details
 United States
Buddy Melges
Andreas Josenhans
 United States
Bill Buchan
Douglas Knight
 United States
Peter Wright
Todd Cozzens
1980 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Chewbacca (USA)
Tom Blackaller
David Shaw
 Riky (ITA)
Albino Fravezzi
Oscar Dalvit
 Findus (ITA)
Giorgio Gorla
Alfio Peraboni
1981 Marblehead
details
 West Germany
Alexander Hagen
Vincent Hoesch
 United States
Peter Wright
Todd Cozzens
 United States
Bill Buchan
Ron Anderson
1982 Medemblik
details
 Spain
Antonio Gorostegui
José Doreste
 West Germany
Alexander Hagen
Vincent Hoesch
 United States
Bill Buchan
Steve Erickson
1983 Marina del Rey
details
 Spain
Antonio Gorostegui
José Doreste
 West Germany
Joachim Griese
Michael Marcour
 United States
Bill Buchan
Carl Buchan
1984 Vilamoura
details
 Findus (ITA)
Giorgio Gorla
Alfio Peraboni
 United States
Andrew Menkart
James Kavle
 United States
Paul Cayard
Ken Keefe
1985 Nassau
details
 United States
Bill Buchan
Steve Erickson
 Netherlands
Steven Bakker
Ko van den Berg
 United States
Paul Cayard
Ken Keefe
1986 Isle of Capri
details
 United States
Vince Brun
Hugo Schreiner
 Italy
Giuseppe Milone
Roberto Mottola
 United States
Ed Adams
Tom Olsen
1987 Chicago
details
 United States
Ed Adams
Tom Olsen
 West Germany
Alexander Hagen
Fritz Girr
 United States
Paul Cayard
Steve Erickson
1988 Buenos Aires
details
 United States
Paul Cayard
Steve Erickson
 United States
Mark Reynolds
Hal Haenel
 United States
Ed Adams
Tom Olsen
1989 Porto Cervo
details
 Era Ora (BRA)
Alan Adler
Nelson Falcão
 West Germany
Werner Fritz
Ulrich Seebeger
 C-Ya (CAN)
Ross MacDonald
Bruce MacDonald
1990 Cleveland
details
 Brazil
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
 Denmark
Benny Andersen
Mogens Just
 Sweden
Mats Johansson
Stefan Hemlin
1991 Cannes
details
 Italy
Roberto Benamati
Mario Salani
 Brazil
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
 United States
Mark Reynolds
Hal Haenel
1992 San Francisco
details
 United States
Carl Buchan
Hugo Schreiner
 United States
Joe Londrigan
Phil Trinter
 United States
Paul Cayard
Steve Erickson
1993 Kiel
details
 United States
Joe Londrigan
Phil Trinter
 Sweden
Hans Wallén
Bobby Lohse
 Germany
Alexander Hagen
Kai Falkenthal
1994 San Diego
details
 Canada
Ross MacDonald
Eric Jespersen
 Brazil
Alan Adler
Rodrigo Meirelles
 Brazil
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
1995 Laredo
details
 United States
Mark Reynolds
Hal Haenel
 Brazil
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
 Denmark
Chris Rasmusten
Kasper Harsberg
1996 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Italy
Enrico Chieffi
Roberto Sinibaldi
 United States
Mark Reynolds
Hal Haenel
 Brazil
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
1997 Marblehead
details
 Germany
Alexander Hagen
Marcelo Ferreira
 United States
Mark Reynolds
Magnus Liljedahl
 Bermuda
Peter Bromby
Michael Marcel
1998 Portorož
details
 Australia
Colin Beashel
David Giles
 Brazil
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
 Germany
Alexander Hagen
Thorsten Helmert
1999 Punta Ala
details
 United States
Eric Doyle
Tom Olsen
 Canada
Ross MacDonald
Kai Bjorn
 United States
Mark Reynolds
Magnus Liljedahl
2000 Annapolis
details
 United States
Mark Reynolds
Magnus Liljedahl
 Canada
Ross MacDonald
Kai Bjorn
 Ireland
Mark Mansfield
David O'Brien
2001 Medemblik
details
 Sweden
Fredrik Lööf
Christian Finnsgård
 New Zealand
Gavin Brady
George Iverson
 United States
Vince Brun
Mike Dorgan
2002 Marina del Rey
details
 Great Britain
Iain Percy
Steve Mitchell
 Brazil
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
 France
Xavier Rohart
Yannick Adde
2003 Cadiz
details
 France
Xavier Rohart
Pascal Rambeau
 Sweden
Fredrik Lööf
Anders Ekström
 Great Britain
Iain Percy
Steve Mitchell
2004 Gaeta
details
 Sweden
Fredrik Lööf
Anders Ekström
  Switzerland
Flavio Marazzi
Enrico De Maria
 Great Britain
Iain Percy
Steve Mitchell
2005 Buenos Aires
details
 France
Xavier Rohart
Pascal Rambeau
 Brazil
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
 Great Britain
Iain Percy
Steve Mitchell
2006 San Francisco
details
 New Zealand
Hamish Pepper
Carl Williams
 Brazil
Robert Scheidt
Bruno Prada
 France
Xavier Rohart
Pascal Rambeau
2007 Cascais
details
 Brazil
Robert Scheidt
Bruno Prada
 France
Xavier Rohart
Pascal Rambeau
 Great Britain
Iain Percy
Andrew Simpson
2008 Miami
details
 Poland
Mateusz Kusznierewicz
Dominik Zycki
 Italy
Diego Negri
Luigi Viale
 Brazil
Robert Scheidt
Bruno Prada
2009 Varberg
details
 United States
George Szabo
Rick Peters
 New Zealand
Hamish Pepper
Craig Monk
 Brazil
Lars Grael
Ronald Seifert
2010 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Great Britain
Iain Percy
Andrew Simpson
  Switzerland
Flavio Marazzi
Enrico De Maria
 Brazil
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
2011 Perth
details
 Brazil
Robert Scheidt
Bruno Prada
 Germany
Robert Stanjek
Frithjof Kleen
 United States
Mark Mendelblatt
Brian Fatih
2012 Hyères
details
 Brazil
Robert Scheidt
Bruno Prada
 Great Britain
Iain Percy
Andrew Simpson
 Denmark
Michael Hestbæk
Claus Olesen
2013 San Diego
details
 United States
John MacCausland
Phil Trinter
 United States
Andrew Campbell
John von Schwarz
 United States
Mark Reynolds
Hal Haenel
2014 Malcesine[6]
details
 Germany
Robert Stanjek
Frithjof Kleen
 Italy
Diego Negri
Sergio Lambertenghi
 Norway
Eivind Melleby
Bruno Prada
2015 Buenos Aires
details
 Brazil
Lars Grael
Samuel Gonçalves
 Brazil
Marcelo Fuchs
Ronald Seifert
 Italy
Diego Negri
Sergio Lambertenghi
2016 Miami
details
 United States
Augie Diaz
Bruno Prada
 Italy
Diego Negri
Sergio Lambertenghi
 United States
Brian Ledbetter
Joshua Revkin
2017 Troense[7]
details
 Norway
Eivind Melleby
Joshua Revkin
 Brazil
Lars Grael
Samuel Gonçalves
 Germany
Reinhard Schmidt
Paul Sradnick

Star Sailors League[edit]

The Star Sailors League was created in 2013 by athletes to establish a sustainable sailing circuit.

Famous Star sailors[edit]

  • Duarte Bello (Championship competitor, 1947–1970s. Invented auto-bailers and circular boom-vang track)
  • John F. Kennedy (Nantucket Sound Star Class Championship: 1936)[4]
  • Agostino Straulino (Olympic Champion: 1952; World Champion: 1952, 1953, 1956; Olympic Silver: 1956)
  • Robert Halperin (Olympic Bronze: 1960; Pan American Games Gold: 1963)
  • Paul Elvstrøm (World Champion: 1966, 1967)
  • Dennis Conner (World Champion: 1971, 1977)
  • Buddy Melges (World Champion: 1978, 1979)
  • Iain Percy (Olympic Champion: 2008; World Champion: 2010; Olympic Silver: 2012)
  • Robert Scheidt (Olympic Silver: 2008; Olympic Bronze: 2012; World Champion: 2008, 2011, 2012; SSL Finals: 2013)
  • Fredrik Lööf (World Champion: 2001, 2004; Olympic Champion: 2012)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Star Class Association Rules" (PDF). Star Log. International Star Class Yacht Racing Association. January 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d "2015 Specifications" (PDF). Star Log. International Star Class Yacht Racing Association. 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-23. 
  3. ^ "Rules of the ISCYRA". Star Log. International Star Class Yacht Racing Association. 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-23. 
  4. ^ a b c Bird, Vanessa (March 22, 2011). "International Star Class". Classic Boat. Classic Classes. Chelsea Magazines Ltd. Retrieved 2015-08-23. 
  5. ^ http://www.sailing.org/35891.php
  6. ^ https://site-isaf.soticcloud.net/regattainfo.php?view=eventoa&rgtaid=17434&regattaid=17434&evntid=33373#results__17434
  7. ^ http://www.starworlds2017.com/images/LarsB_Div/Resultater/R1R2R3R4R5R6_Final.pdf

External links[edit]