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Star Alliance

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This article is about the global airline alliance. For the political party in Benin, see Star Alliance (Benin).
Star Alliance
Star Alliance Logo.svg
Launch date 14 May 1997
Full members 27
Non-voting members 40 affiliates
Destination airports 1,321[1]
Destination countries 193[1]
Annual passengers (M) 637.62 Million[1]
Annual RPK (G) 1,331[1]
Fleet size 4,456[1]
Management Mark Schwab, CEO[2]
Calin Rovinescu, Chairman
Alliance slogan The Way The Earth Connects
Headquarters Frankfurt am Main, Germany[3]

The Star Alliance is the world's largest global airline alliance founded on 14 May 1997 and led by current CEO Mark Schwab. Its central alliance headquarters is currently based in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.[3] As of 31 March 2014, Star Alliance is the largest global alliance in terms of passengers with 637.6 million passengers, ahead of SkyTeam (588 M) and Oneworld (512.8 M). Its slogan is, "The Way The Earth Connects"

As of March 2014, its 27 member airlines collectively operate a fleet of around four thousand aircraft, serve more than thousand airports in more than 193 countries, carrying 637.6 million passengers per year on more than 18,000 daily departures. Star Alliance also has a rewards program with two tiers, Star Alliance Silver and Gold, which have rewards including priority boarding, upgrades, etc. Like many other airline alliances, many Star Alliance airlines also share terminals at airports (also known as co-locaton) and many of its member airlines's planes are painted in the Star Alliance livery.

Membership history[edit]

1997–1999: First Global Alliance[edit]

Lufthansa is one of the founding members of the Star Alliance.
The first Star Alliance logo still in use today.

On 14 May 1997, agreement was announced of the launch of the Star Alliance, involving five airlines from three continents – Scandinavian Airlines, Thai Airways International, Air Canada, Lufthansa, and United Airlines.[4][5] The newly established alliance selected Young & Rubicam Advertising to increase awareness of the new alliance, with a budget of $25 million, (€18 million).[6] The five airlines shared the traditional star logo from the beginning with the five points representing the five founding airlines. The alliance also adopted their first slogan "The Airline Network for Earth",[4] with the goal to have "an alliance that will take passengers to every major city on earth".[5]

First Additional Members[edit]

VARIG joined the Star Alliance network[4][7] on 22 October 1997, extending the alliance into South America. The alliance welcomed Ansett Australia and Air New Zealand as members of the alliance, expanding the alliance to Australia and the Pacific.[8] With these two carriers, Star Alliance served 720 destinations in 110 countries with a combined fleet of 1,650 aircraft. The next airline who joined was All Nippon Airways, who joined on 15 October 1999. ANA became the group's second Asian airline.[9][10]

2000-2006: Major expansion[edit]

The early 2000s saw many member airlines joining Star Alliance. The Austrian Airlines Group (Austrian Airlines, Tyrolean Airways and Lauda Air) joined the Alliance on 26 March 2000,[11][12] Singapore Airlines joined on 1 April.[13] BMI (British Midland) and Mexicana Airlines joined on 1 July, bringing membership to 13.[14] The joining of BMI made London Heathrow the only European hub with two competing alliances. During the year, Emirates considered joining Star Alliance, but later opted not to join.[15] Also in 2000, now defunct BWIA West Indies Airways who had entered an alliance with United Airlines considered becoming a member. BWIA however never joined the alliance.[16] In 2000, the alliance also opened its first three business centers, in Los Angeles, Frankfurt, and Bangkok as well as announcing the completion of its full-time Alliance Management Team (AMT) – the executive body of the partnership.[17] In September 2001, Ansett Australia, the only member airline in Australia in Star Alliance, left the alliance due to bankruptcy, handing over a majority of the Australian market to Qantas, a rival Oneworld member. During that year, Star Alliance also announced the appointment of a new CEO, Jaan Albrecht.[17]

Next, Asiana Airlines joined the Alliance on 1 March 2003;[18] Spanair joined on 1 May;[19] and LOT Polish Airlines, the official flag carrier of Poland, joined in October.[20] One year later, Mexicana Airlines left the Alliance after deciding not to renew a codeshare agreement with United Airlines and later joined Oneworld.[17] US Airways joined the Alliance in May,[21] becoming the Alliance's second US-based airline. Finally, in November, Adria Airways, Blue1 and Croatia Airlines joined the alliance as the first three regional members.[22]

In 2005, Star Alliance invited Lineas Aereas Azteca to join the alliance in mid-2007, but the airline went bankrupt and never joined. TAP Portugal joined on 14 March, adding new African destinations to the Alliance's network.[23][24] Swiss International Air Lines joined as the 17th member and its sixth airline from Europe in April 2006. Also in April, South African Airways joined the Alliance, becoming its first African member, and the 18th member of the Alliance.[25]

2007: Tenth anniversary[edit]

By May 2007, the alliance's 10th anniversary, Star Alliance members had a combined 16,000 daily departure to 855 destinations in 155 countries, serving 406 million passengers annually. Star Alliance also launched Biosphere Connections, a partnership with three international organisations – UNESCO, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and Ramsar Convention On Wetlands – to promote environmental sustainability.[26][27]

VARIG left the alliance on 31 January 2007,[29] while the two Chinese airlines to joined the alliance, Air China and Shanghai Airlines on 12 December.[30]

2008–2010: More expansion and 2nd decade of operations[edit]

On 1 April 2008, Turkish Airlines joined the alliance after an 18-month integration process since December 2006, becoming the seventh European airline[31] in the alliance, which had thus reached a total of 20 members. EgyptAir, the official airline of Egypt, joined afterwards on 11 July 2008,[32] becoming the second African airline.

On 27 October 2009, Continental Airlines became the 25th full member of the Alliance after leaving SkyTeam on 24 October. At the time, then-CEO Jaan Albrecht said: "Bringing Continental Airlines into Star Alliance has been a truly unique experience. This is the first time an airline has moved directly from one alliance to another and I would like to thank all those involved in ensuring a smooth switch". At the time, it was rumoured that the switch was part of Continental's initial move in its plan of a United-Continental merge.[33] Two months later, Brussels Airlines joined the Alliance.[34]

On 13 May 2010, leading Brazilian carrier TAM Airlines was admitted to Star Alliance,[35] furthering the alliance's foothold in South America.[36] Aegean Airlines, Greece's largest airline in terms of passengers carried, joined on 30 June.[37]

Shanghai Airlines left the alliance on 31 October 2010, due to its merger with China Eastern Airlines, a member of SkyTeam.[38] On 29 September, the Chief Executive Board approved Ethiopian Airlines's application for membership, with the airline to become the 30th member.[39] In 2010, Star Alliance flew to 1,172 airports in 181 countries, with approximately 21,200 daily departures.[39]

2011-present: Further expansion[edit]

Since 2011, more members joined while other members have left due to either the airline collapsing or as part of corporate restructuring. In August 2011, after continued delays, Air India was finally rejected for membership after failing to meet the requirements for membership.[40][41] Later that year, on 13 December 2011, Ethiopian Airlines officially joined, adding five new countries and 24 destinations to the alliance's route map.[42]

2012 had many events happening to Star Alliance, with many airlines leaving as well as many airlines joining. In the beginning of 2012, Spanair left the alliance after suffering financial collapse and ceasing operations.[43] Then, in the beginning of March 2012, Continental Airlines completed its merger with United Airlines, thus formally ending its existence and membership in the alliance.[44] Following that, bmi left on 20 April after its acquisition by International Airlines Group (IAG), a parent company of Oneworld Members Iberia and British Airways.[45] However, on 21 June 2012, Avianca, TACA Airlines and Copa Airlines all simultaneously joined the alliance, significantly increasing the alliance's presence in Latin America.[46] Then in November, Blue1 left the alliance, becoming an affiliate of parent Scandinavian Airlines.[47] Shenzhen Airlines then joined on 29 November 2012, complementing Air China's Chinese network.[48]

On 8 March 2013 TAM Airlines officially announced its departure, because of its merger with LAN Airlines to become LATAM Airlines Group.[49] Later during the year, with the addition of EVA Air on 18 June and TACA's integration into Avianca, the alliance now had 28 members, making it the largest of the three main airline alliances.[50] On 13 December 2013, Air India was officially invited to join Star Alliance again, and the integration process recommenced once again.[51] On 31 March 2014, TAM Airlines officially left Star Alliance and joined Oneworld, and US Airways left as well as an affiliate of American Airlines.[52] On the same day that US Airways and TAM Airlines left, Avianca Brazil announced that they would join Star Alliance in 2014 as an affiliate of the Avianca brand.[53] After TAM Airlines and US Airways left Star Alliance, the alliance had 26 airlines. On 24 June 2014, Air India had its membership approved by other members after several years of waiting, and it joined the alliance on 11 July 2014.[54][55][56][57] Avianca in Brazil joined on 22 July 2015 as a member affiliate of Avianca.[58]

Member airlines[edit]

Air Canada, Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines, Thai Airways International and United Airlines are the five founding members of the alliance.

Full members and their member affiliates[edit]

Member airline Joined Member affiliates
Slovenia Adria Airways[59] 18 November 2004 N/A
Greece Aegean Airlines[59] 30 June 2010 Greece Olympic Air
Canada Air Canada[A][59] 14 May 1997 Canada Air Canada Express[B][D]
Canada Air Canada Rouge
China Air China[59] 12 December 2007 China Dalian Airlines
India Air India[59] 11 July 2014 India Air India Regional[B][E]
New Zealand Air New Zealand[59] 3 May 1999 New Zealand Air New Zealand Link[B][F]
Japan All Nippon Airways[59] 15 October 1999 Japan Air Japan
Japan ANA Wings
Japan Vanilla Air
South Korea Asiana Airlines[59] 28 March 2003 N/A
Austria Austrian Airlines[59] 26 March 2000 N/A
Colombia Avianca[59] 21 June 2012 Brazil Avianca Brazil
Costa Rica Avianca Costa Rica
Ecuador Avianca Ecuador
El Salvador Avianca El Salvador
Guatemala Avianca Guatemala
Honduras Avianca Honduras
Nicaragua Avianca Nicaragua
Peru Avianca Peru
Belgium Brussels Airlines[59] 9 December 2009 N/A
Panama Copa Airlines[59] 21 June 2012 Colombia Copa Airlines Colombia
Croatia Croatia Airlines[59] 18 November 2004 N/A
Egypt EgyptAir[59] 11 July 2008 Egypt EgyptAir Express
Ethiopia Ethiopian Airlines[59] 13 December 2011 N/A
Taiwan EVA Air[59] 18 June 2013 N/A
Poland LOT Polish Airlines[59] 26 October 2003 Poland LOT Charters
Germany Lufthansa[A][59] 14 May 1997 Germany Lufthansa Regional[B][C][G]
Germany Lufthansa CityLine
Italy Air Dolomiti
Norway Scandinavian Airlines[A]
14 May 1997 N/A
China Shenzhen Airlines[59] 29 November 2012 N/A
Singapore Singapore Airlines[59] 1 April 2000 Singapore Silkair
Singapore Scoot
South Africa South African Airways[59] 10 April 2006 South Africa Airlink
South Africa South African Express
South Africa Mango
Switzerland Swiss International Air Lines[59] 1 April 2006 Switzerland Swiss Global Air Lines
Switzerland Edelweiss Air
Portugal TAP Portugal[59] 14 March 2005 Portugal Portugalia
Portugal PGA Express
Thailand Thai Airways[A][59] 14 May 1997 Thailand Thai Smile
Turkey Turkish Airlines[59] 1 April 2008 Turkey Anadolu Jet
United States United Airlines[A][59] 14 May 1997 United States United Express[B][H]

A Founding member.
B Airlines operating under the Air Canada Express, Air New Zealand Link, Lufthansa Regional, Tyrolean Airways and United Express brands are not necessarily members of Star Alliance. However, flights are operated on behalf of the respective member airlines, carry their designator code and are Star Alliance flights.
C Members of Lufthansa Regional that are fully owned by Deutsche Lufthansa AG.
D Air Canada Express flights are operated by[60][61] Air Georgian, EVAS Air, Jazz Aviation, Sky Regional Airlines.
E Air India Regional flights are operated by Alliance Air.
F Air New Zealand Link flights are operated by Air Nelson, Eagle Airways, Mount Cook Airline.
G Lufthansa Regional flights are operated by Air Dolomiti, Eurowings, Lufthansa CityLine.
H United Express flights are operated by Cape Air, CommutAir, ExpressJet Airlines, GoJet Airlines, Mesa Airlines, Republic Airlines, Shuttle America, SkyWest Airlines, and Trans States Airlines.

Future members[edit]

As of September 2015, there are currently no confirmed new members scheduled to join the alliance.

Former members and affiliates[edit]

Former members and their member affiliates[edit]

Former member airline Joined Exited Affiliates Notes
Australia Ansett Australia 3 May 1999 12 September 2001 Australia Aeropelican Air Services
Australia Hazelton Airlines
Australia Kendell Airlines
Australia Skywest Airlines
Collapsed on 12 September 2001
Finland Blue1 3 November 2004 1 November 2012 N/A Left the alliance on 1 November 2012 after SAS took over mainline operations, now a member affiliate of Scandinavian Airlines.[45]
United Kingdom British Midland International 1 July 2000 20 April 2012 United Kingdom BMI regional
United Kingdom Bmibaby
Left the alliance on 20 April 2012 as a result of its merger with International Airlines Group. IAG's subsidiaries British Airways and Iberia are Oneworld members; BMI merged with British Airways on 27 October 2012.[47]
United States Continental Airlines 27 October 2009 3 March 2012 United States Continental Connection
United States Continental Express
Guam Continental Micronesia
Merged with United Airlines on 3 March 2012
Mexico Mexicana 1 July 2000 31 March 2004 Mexico Aerocaribe Left the alliance in 2004 after deciding not to renew a codeshare alliance with United Airlines, opting instead to codeshare with American Airlines, and joined Oneworld on 10 November 2009. Collapsed on 28 August 2010
China Shanghai Airlines 12 December 2007 31 October 2010 China China United Airlines Left the alliance on 31 October 2010 as a result of its merger with China Eastern Airlines, a SkyTeam member
Spain Spanair 1 May 2003 27 January 2012 Spain AeBal Collapsed on 27 January 2012
El Salvador TACA Airlines 21 June 2012 27 May 2013 El Salvador TACA Regional operated by:
Guatemala Aviateca
Nicaragua La Costeña
Costa Rica Sansa Airlines
Merged with Avianca on 27 May 2013. Renamed as Avianca El Salvador
Brazil TAM Airlines 13 May 2010 30 March 2014 Paraguay TAM Paraguay Left the alliance on 30 March 2014 as a result of its merger with LAN Airlines, a Oneworld member
United States US Airways 4 May 2004 30 March 2014 United States US Airways Express
United States US Airways Shuttle
Left the alliance on 30 March 2014 as a result of its merger with American Airlines, a Oneworld member
Brazil Varig 22 October 1997 31 January 2007 Brazil Nordeste
Brazil Rio Sul
Uruguay PLUNA
Ceased operations on 20 July 2006

Former member affiliates of current full members[edit]

Former member affiliate Joined Exited Member affiliate of Notes
Canada Air Canada Tango
Canada Air Canada Air Canada Tango was dissolved and now is part of Air Canada
Canada Air Nova
Canada Air Canada
Japan Air Next
Japan All Nippon Airways
Japan Air Nippon
Japan All Nippon Airways
Canada Air Ontario
Canada Air Canada
Poland Centralwings
Poland LOT Polish Airlines
CyprusTurkey Cyprus Turkish Airlines
Turkey Turkish Airlines
Democratic Republic of the Congo Korongo Airlines
Belgium Brussels Airlines
Austria Lauda Air
Austria Austrian Airlines Lauda Air was dissolved and replaced by Austrian Airlines operations
Italy Lufthansa Italia
Germany Lufthansa
United States United Shuttle
United States United Airlines United Shuttle's operations ceased and became part of United Airlines
Switzerland Swiss Private Aviation
Switzerland Swiss International Air Lines
Austria Tyrolean Airways
Austria Austrian Airlines Tyrolean Airways was dissolved and now is part of Austrian Airlines
Canada Zip
Canada Air Canada

Customer service[edit]

Codeshare flights between airlines of Star Alliance are consistent. This tight cooperation led to suspicions of anti-competitive behaviour, and the alliance was investigated by the European Union as a virtual merger of its members. Indeed, some speculated that if government regulations were relaxed, the members would merge into a single corporation,[62] although no evidence has yet materialized.

The alliance developed the "Regional" concept in 2004, which helped Star Alliance penetrate individual markets with the regional participation of smaller carriers. Regional Star Alliance members had to be sponsored by an existing full Star Alliance member. However, Star Alliance has stopped designating airlines as "Regional" members and now refers to all the 27 airlines as just "members".[63]

Star Alliance members now fly over 18,521 daily flights to 1,321 airports in 193 countries with a fleet of 4,025 aircraft. Its members carried a total of 627.52 million passengers with a turnover of US$156.8 billion, €145 billion. The alliance's market share is 28% of the global market based on revenue passenger kilometers (RPK), which is greater than the combined market share of all airlines that are not in any of the three major alliances. All Star Alliance carriers combined employ over 405,000 pilots, flight attendants, and other staff. Star Alliance was voted best airline alliance in the Skytrax 2007 World Airline Awards.[64]

Members' hubs[edit]

Member airlines Hub airports Focus city airports
Adria Airways Slovenia Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport KosovoPristina International Airport Adem Jashari
AlbaniaTirana International Airport
Aegean Airlines Greece Athens International Airport
Greece Heraklion International Airport
Greece Thessaloniki International Airport
Greece Corfu International Airport
Cyprus Larnaca International Airport
Greece Kalamata International Airport
Greece Rhodes International Airport
Air Canada Canada Calgary International Airport
Canada Montréal-Trudeau International Airport
Canada Toronto Pearson International Airport
Canada Vancouver International Airport
Canada Edmonton International Airport
Canada Halifax Stanfield International Airport
Canada Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport
Canada Winnipeg International Airport
Air China China Beijing Capital International Airport
China Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
China Shanghai Pudong International Airport
China Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport
China Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport
China Tianjin Binhai International Airport
China Wuhan Tianhe International Airport
Air India India Indira Gandhi International Airport
India Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport
India Chennai International Airport
IndiaNetaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport
Hong Kong Hong Kong International Airport
Singapore Changi Airport
India Kempegowda International Airport
India Trivandrum International Airport
India Cochin International Airport
India Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
India Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport
Air New Zealand New Zealand Auckland Airport
New Zealand Christchurch Airport
New Zealand Wellington International Airport
United States Los Angeles International Airport
Australia Sydney Airport
All Nippon Airways Japan Kansai International Airport
Japan Haneda Airport
Japan Narita International Airport
Japan Osaka International Airport
Japan Chūbu Centrair International Airport
Japan New Chitose Airport
Asiana Airlines South Korea Incheon International Airport
South Korea Gimpo International Airport
South Korea Gimhae International Airport
South Korea Jeju International Airport
Austrian Airlines Austria Vienna International Airport Austria Innsbruck Airport
Avianca Colombia El Dorado International Airport
El Salvador El Salvador International Airport
Peru Jorge Chávez International Airport
Costa Rica Juan Santamaría International Airport
Colombia Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport
Colombia José María Córdova International Airport
Guatemala La Aurora International Airport
Nicaragua Augusto C. Sandino International Airport
United States Miami International Airport
Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport
Brussels Airlines Belgium Brussels Airport N/A
Copa Airlines Panama Tocumen International Airport

Colombia El Dorado International Airport

Colombia José María Córdova International Airport
Colombia Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport
Costa Rica Juan Santamaría International Airport
Guatemala La Aurora International Airport
Nicaragua Augusto C. Sandino International Airport
Croatia Airlines Croatia Zagreb Airport Croatia Dubrovnik Airport
Croatia Split Airport
Croatia Zadar Airport
EgyptAir Egypt Cairo International Airport Egypt Borg El Arab Airport
Egypt Hurghada International Airport
Egypt Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport
Ethiopian Airlines Ethiopia Bole International Airport N/A
EVA Air Taiwan Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Taiwan Kaohsiung International Airport
Thailand Suvarnabhumi Airport
LOT Polish Airlines Poland Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport Poland Copernicus Airport Wrocław
Poland John Paul II International Airport Kraków-Balice
Lufthansa Germany Frankfurt Airport
Germany Munich Airport
Scandinavian Airlines Denmark Copenhagen Airport
Norway Oslo Airport, Gardermoen
Sweden Stockholm-Arlanda Airport
Norway Bergen Airport, Flesland
Sweden Gothenburg-Landvetter Airport
Norway Stavanger Airport, Sola
Norway Trondheim Airport, Værnes
Finland Helsinki Airport
Shenzhen Airlines China Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport China Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
China Nanjing Lukou International Airport
China Nanning Wuxu International Airport
China Shenyang Taoxian International Airport
China Sunan Shuofang International Airport
Singapore Airlines Singapore Singapore Changi Airport N/A
South African Airways South Africa OR Tambo International Airport South Africa Cape Town International Airport
Swiss International Air Lines Switzerland Zürich Airport Switzerland Geneva International Airport
TAP Portugal Portugal Lisbon Portela Airport
Portugal Porto Francisco de Sá Carneiro Airport
Portugal Madeira Airport
Thai Airways International Thailand Suvarnabhumi Airport Thailand Chiang Mai International Airport
South Korea Incheon International Airport
Thailand Phuket International Airport
Turkish Airlines Turkey Atatürk International Airport Turkey Adnan Menderes Airport
Turkey Antalya Airport
Turkey Esenboğa International Airport
Turkey Sabiha Gökçen International Airport
United Airlines Guam Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport
United States Denver International Airport
United States George Bush Intercontinental Airport
United States Los Angeles International Airport
Japan Narita International Airport
United States Newark Liberty International Airport
United States O'Hare International Airport
United States San Francisco International Airport
United States Washington Dulles International Airport

Co-location at Airports (move under one roof)[edit]

Star Alliance members Scandinavian Airlines, Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines (with Star Alliance livery), and Air China (in the field) using Terminal 3-E of Beijing Capital International Airport as part of the Move Under One Roof program to co-locate alliance members.
City Airport IATA Terminal Exceptions
Spain Barcelona Barcelona–El Prat Airport BCN Terminal 1
China Beijing Beijing Capital International Airport PEK Terminal 3
Egypt Cairo Cairo International Airport CAI Terminal 3
China Chongqing Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport CKG Terminal 2B
India Delhi Indira Gandhi International Airport DEL Terminal 3
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport FRA Terminal 1 "Star Alliance Terminal"
Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong International Airport HKG Terminal 1
United Kingdom London London Heathrow Airport LHR Terminal 2
Mexico Mexico City Benito Juárez International Airport MEX Terminal 1
United States Miami Miami International Airport MIA Concourse J
Germany Munich Munich Airport MUC Terminal 2
Russia Moscow Domodedovo International Airport DME Terminal A
France Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport CDG Terminal 1
Thailand Phuket Phuket International Airport HKT Terminal 1
South Korea Seoul Incheon International Airport ICN Concourse A
China Shanghai Shanghai Pudong International Airport PVG Terminal 2
Sweden Stockholm Stockholm-Arlanda Airport ARN Terminal 5
Taiwan Taipei Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport TPE Terminal 2
Japan Tokyo Narita International Airport NRT Terminal 1 – South Wing
Canada Toronto Toronto Pearson International Airport YYZ Terminal 1
Austria Vienna Vienna International Airport VIE Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Check-in 3)[65]

Premium status[edit]

Star Alliance has two premium levels, Silver and Gold, based on a customer's tier status in a member carrier's frequent flyer program. Each of the member and regional airlines recognizes Star Silver/Gold status, with a few exceptions (mainly pertaining to airport lounge access). The statuses have no specific requirements of their own; membership is based solely on the frequent flyer programs of individual member airlines. Many member airlines also have an additional premium status beyond Gold which is not recognised across Star Alliance.

Star Alliance Silver[edit]

Star Alliance Silver status is awarded to customers who have reached a premium level of a member carrier's frequent flyer program.

Benefits of Star Alliance Silver membership:

  • Priority reservations waitlisting
  • Priority airport stand-by

Some airlines also offer the following to Silver members:

  • Priority boarding
  • Priority airport check-in
  • Priority baggage handling
  • Preferred seating
  • Additional checked luggage allowance
  • Waived fees for 1st and 2nd checked bags

Star Alliance Gold[edit]

Star Alliance Gold status is awarded to customers who have reached a high level of a member airline's frequent flyer program.

Benefits of Star Alliance Gold membership:

  • Priority reservations waitlisting
  • Priority airport stand-by
  • Priority boarding
  • Priority airport check-in
  • Priority baggage handling
  • Additional checked luggage allowance of 20 kg (or one extra piece where the piece concept applies)
  • Airport lounge access to designated Star Alliance Gold lounges on the day and at the place of departure, on presentation of a valid Star Alliance boarding pass.

Some airlines also offer the following to Gold members:

  • Preferred seating (exit seat, or even on a special section on the plane on some carriers, which provides more leg room)
  • Guaranteed seating on fully booked flights (subject to the booking class code and notice period)
  • Free upgrade (in the form of voucher/certificate or automatic upgrade upon check-in)
  • United restricts US lounge access for their Gold Members to long-haul international passengers; Gold members from other carriers are welcome in US Lounges run by United on all itineraries. Unlike in Oneworld and Skyteam, United Star Gold members are admitted to the lounges of foreign alliance carriers (such as Lufthansa's Senator lounges at US airports) even if traveling domestically.

Qualifying tiers by airline[edit]

Member airline Mileage program Star Silver
(qualifying tiers)
Star Gold
(qualifying tiers)
Austrian Airlines
Brussels Airlines
Croatia Airlines
LOT Polish Airlines
Swiss International Air Lines
Miles & More Frequent Traveller Senator
HON Circle
Aegean Airlines Miles+Bonus Silver Gold
Air Canada Aeroplan[66] Prestige 25K
Elite 35K
Elite 50K
Elite 75K
Super Elite 100K
Air China
Shenzhen Airlines
Phoenix Miles Silver Gold
Air India Flying Returns Silver Edge Club Golden Edge Club
The Maharajah Club
Air New Zealand Airpoints Silver Gold
All Nippon Airways ANA Mileage Club Bronze Super Flyers
Asiana Airlines Asiana Club Gold Diamond
Diamond Plus
Avianca LifeMiles Silver Gold
Avianca Brazil Programa Amigo Silver Gold
Copa Airlines ConnectMiles Silver Gold
Presidential Platium
EgyptAir EgyptAir Plus Silver Gold
Ethiopian Airlines Sheba Miles Silver Club Gold Club
EVA Air Infinity MileageLands Infinity MileageLands Silver Infinity MileageLands Gold
Infinity MileageLands Diamond
Scandinavian Airlines EuroBonus Silver Gold
Singapore Airlines KrisFlyer Elite Silver Elite Gold
PPS Club
Solitaire PPS Club
South African Airways Voyager Silver Gold
TAP Portugal Victoria Silver Winner Gold Winner
Thai Airways International Royal Orchid Plus Silver Gold, Platinum
Turkish Airlines Miles & Smiles Classic Plus Elite
Elite Plus
United Airlines MileagePlus Premier Silver Premier Gold
Premier Platinum
Premier 1K
Global Services


Some Star Alliance members paint some of their planes with the Star Alliance livery, usually featuring a white fuselage with "Star Alliance" signature written across and a black tailfin with the Star Alliance logo while the color or design of the engine cowlings or winglets remains depending on the members livery. Singapore Airlines is the only exception, formerly opting to paint the tails of the aircraft with the airline's logo; and now applying the Star Alliance logo sans the black tailfin painting, leaving it white. Asiana Airlines was the first Star Alliance member to paint their aircraft in the current Star Alliance livery.[67] Aircraft painted in their airline's regular livery have the Star Alliance logo painted on the aircraft between the cockpit and the first set of cabin doors.


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  39. ^ a b "ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES ACCEPTED AS FUTURE STAR ALLIANCE MEMBER CARRIER" (Press release). Star Alliance. 29 September 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2010. 
  40. ^ Air India's dream to be a part of the 29-member Star Alliance was over at the time, paving the way for the entry of Jet Airways in the exclusive club. Member-airlines of the world's largest airline alliance were not able to come to a unanimous decision to allow Air India, whose application had been put on hold earlier.
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  42. ^ "Ethiopian Airlines Joins Star Alliance". Star Alliance. 
  43. ^ "Spanair Ceases Operations". 
  44. ^ [h "A message for customers traveling on March 3"]. United Hub. 3 March 2012. 
  45. ^ a b "BMI Formally Leaves Star Alliance". Star Alliance. 
  46. ^ Avianca, TACA Airlines and Copa Airlines join Star Alliance
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  48. ^ "Shenzhen Airlines Joins". Star Alliance. 2012-11-29. Retrieved 2013-03-22. 
  49. ^ "Brazilian carrier TAM Airlines announced it will leave Star Alliance to join Oneworld". 
  50. ^ "EVA AIR JOINS THE STAR ALLIANCE". Star Alliance. 
  51. ^ "STAR ALLIANCE AND AIR INDIA RECOMMENCE INTEGRATION PROCESS". Star Alliance. 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  52. ^ "US Airways and TAM leave Star Alliance". Star Alliance. 2014-03-31. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  53. ^ "STAR ALLIANCE MAINTAINS PRESENCE IN BRAZIL THROUGH AVIANCA BRAZIL". Star Alliance. 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
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  58. ^ "AVIANCA BRASIL JOINS STAR ALLIANCE NETWORK". Star Alliance. 2015-07-22. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
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External links[edit]

Media related to Star Alliance at Wikimedia Commons