Star Art Exhibition
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The Star Art Exhibition took place on September 27, 1979 when a group of avant-garde and self-taught (not trained in the Academy) Chinese artists staged an unpermitted exhibition on the railings of the China Art Gallery after being denied an official exhibition space. The group is called Star Art Group(Xingxing) which used formerly banned western style, from post-impressionism to abstract expressionism to challenge both aesthetic convention and political authority. Their exhibition was closed by the police and they posted a notice on Democracy Wall. In November, the group held their first formal exhibition: Star Art Exhibition (Xingxing huazhan), at Beihai Park, Beijing. The exhibition included 163 works by 23 nonprofessional artists. Star Art exhibition was a milestone in China's contemporary art.
The Stars Art Group
Founded by Ma Desheng and Huang Rui, the Stars Art Group (xing xing) was a foundational movement of the contemporary Chinese avant-garde active in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Mostly self-trained, the Stars championed individualism and freedom of expression both in their work and public activities. Taking personal experience and social issues as their subject matter, they pointedly diverged from state-sanctioned Socialist Realism. The group's members made history in 1979 when they defied government regulation and mounted an unofficial exhibition in a park adjacent to the National Art Museum in Beijing. When officials closed the exhibition, the group staged a historic protest that became a rallying point for cultural openness in the early years of China's post–Cultural Revolution political thaw; significantly, they succeeded in reopening the exhibition. The group went on to stage a second public exhibition, though their activities tapered off in the early 1980s, when many members emigrated abroad. The group's member artists include Ai Weiwei, Wang Keping, Li Shuang, Huang Rui, and affiliates Zhang Hongtu and Zhang Wei, Ma Desheng, Yan Li, Yang Yiping, Qu Leilei, Mao Lizi, Bo Yun, Zhong Ahcheng, Shao Fei.
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