Comparison of Star Trek and Star Wars

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A fan of Star Trek dressed in Starfleet uniform (left) and a fan of Star Wars dressed in Imperial Death Star gunner uniform (right) at Comic-Con 2010

Star Trek and Star Wars are science fiction media franchises that present alternative scenarios of space adventure.[citation needed] The two streams have offered various forms of media productions for decades that manage billions of dollars of intellectual property, providing employment and entertainment for billions of people around the world.[1]

Background[edit]

Star Trek was introduced as a live-action television series in 1966 that lasted three years. Star Trek: The Animated Series commenced in 1973 (based directly on the original series) but lasted only two seasons.[2] With the subsequent publication of novels, comics, animated series, toys and feature films, Star Trek grew into an enormous media franchise.[3]

Star Wars was introduced as a feature film, Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, in 1977. A novelization titled Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker, based on the original script of the film, was published about a year earlier. Upon the release of the first film, Star Wars quickly grew into a popular media franchise.[2]

Differences[edit]

Star Trek has its origin in television. The franchise was conceived in the style of the television Western Wagon Train and the adventure stories of Horatio Hornblower, but evolved into an idealistic, utopian prospect of future human society. Inspired by Gulliver's Travels,[4] Star Trek's main focus is of space exploration and a galactic society consisting of multiple planets and species, where conflict occasionally occurs. Star Trek occurs in the relatively distant future, specifically the 22nd through 24th centuries, with occasional time travel. The Earth of the Star Trek universe shares most of its history with the real world.

Star Wars has its origin in film, despite the novel based on the film's original script having been published a year before the film itself. Star Wars mainly belongs to the space opera subgenre of science fiction that was inspired by works such as Beowulf, King Arthur[5] and other mythologies, world religions and ancient and medieval history.[6] It depicts a galactic society in constant conflict. Though there are periods of peace, these are only documented in novels, comics, video games, non-feature films and other spin-off media. Star Wars is set "a long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away," although many characters are human, occasionally use Earth metaphors and exhibit human character traits.[citation needed]

Although both Star Trek and Star Wars populate various forms of media, not all types have been produced that are mutual to both franchises. Star Wars has not produced any live-action television series while Star Trek has produced five live-action television series.

Star Trek likewise has not produced any television films; whereas Star Wars has produced at least three live-action television films outside the Star Wars film saga. The Star Wars Holiday Special, Ewoks: Caravan of Courage and Ewoks: Battle for Endor are all live-action television spin-off films set in the Star Wars universe, but not considered part of the official Star Wars canon.

Runtime[edit]

  • ~513 hours (Star Trek TV) + ~23 hours for the Star Trek films up to Into Darkness[7]
  • ~18 hours (Star Wars films) + misc. Star Wars shows

Similarities and commonalities[edit]

Aside from having the word 'Star' in their respective titles, the two franchises share many similarities and commonalities.

Both stories depict societies consisting of multiple planets and species. The main galaxy in Star Trek consists of various planets, each inhabited by different species, united into a single state, the United Federation of Planets. Star Wars depicts a galaxy that is mostly part of a single state known as the Old Republic, inhabited by humans and countless other species, which later became the Galactic Empire and was again later reformed into a new society called the New Republic after a series of wars.

Both franchises promote philosophical and political messages, though Star Wars focuses more on the former while Star Trek focuses more on the latter.

The main philosophies of Star Trek convey the morals of exploration and interference and how to properly confront and ethically resolve a new situation. Creator Gene Roddenberry was inspired by morality tales such as Gulliver's Travels.[8]

The main philosophical messages of Star Wars are the ethics of good against evil and how to distinguish them.[9] Star Wars preaches against totalitarian systems and favors societies that offer equality.[10] In an interview on the Star Wars 20th Anniversary UK Programme aired in 1997 referring to the mythology of the original Star Wars trilogy, Patrick Stewart stated "A belief in one's own powers; especially one's own powers to do good because the underlying morality of Star Wars is a very very positive one." Stewart is known for playing Captain Jean Luc Picard in Star Trek The Next Generation.

Both franchises also derive significantly from history and ancient mythology, including Greco-Roman mythology. Many planets and alien species in Star Trek, for instance, are named after ancient Roman deities. Several episodes from various Star Trek television serials, such as Who Mourns for Adonais, are directly based on ancient Greek-Roman themes and settings.[11] The series also make references to Ancient Babylon and its mythic folklore.[12] The Klingons and their warrior culture are a representation of the 12th century Mongols.[13]

Much of Star Wars' story plots and character developments are based on ancient history, including classical Greece and Rome, such as the fall of the Old Republic in Star Wars, followed by the rise of the Galactic Empire, which parallels the fall of the ancient Roman Republic followed by the rise of the Roman Empire.[6]

A 1983 documentary on the making of Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi was hosted by Leonard Nimoy who also made mention of Lucas's original plan to do two other trilogies preceding and proceeding the original trilogy.[14]

Abrams era[edit]

J. J. Abrams, director and producer of Star Trek (2009) and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) and producer of Star Trek Beyond (2016), directed and produced Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015). Star Trek (2009) and Star Wars: The Force Awakens are each the first entries in expected trilogies. These films received favorable critical and commercial response and revived interest for both franchises. In addition to Abrams, actors such as Simon Pegg starred in both series.

Star Trek: Nemesis (2002) was poorly received and Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith (2005) had capped off the prequel trilogy, which overall had a mixed to positive reception.

The newer films of the two franchises filmed major scenes in the United Arab Emirates. The desert scenes on the planet Jakku in Star Wars: The Force Awakens were filmed in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi,[15] while scenes for cities in the film Star Trek Beyond (2016) were filmed in the Emirate of Dubai.[16]

The two franchises now offer almost all forms of media ranging from novels, television series, comic books, toys for younger audience, magazines, themed merchandise, board games and video games, as well as fan works. These include canonical and non-canonical works, including works made both by series producers and fans jointly.

Estimated financial comparisons[edit]

Despite the difference in the numbers of films, the profit made by the Star Wars film series exceed the profit of the Star Trek film series by almost five times, while the entire franchise outgrosses the other by four times. It is difficult to accurately judge the total worth of each franchise as television series, memorabilia and video games must be taken into account.

Star Trek films ($ million)
Year Title Budget Box Office Net
1979 The Motion Picture 35 139 104
1982 The Wrath of Khan 12 96 84
1984 The Search for Spock 18 87 69
1986 The Voyage Home 24 133 109
1989 The Final Frontier 30 70 40
1991 The Undiscovered Country 27 96.9 69.9
1994 Generations 38 120 82
1996 First Contact 46 150 104
1998 Insurrection 70 117 47
2002 Nemesis 60 67 7
2009 Star Trek (reboot) 140 386 246
2013 Into Darkness 190 467 277
2016 Beyond 185 336 151
Total 875 2,265 1,390 [17]
Star Wars films ($ million)
Year Title Budget Box Office Net
1977 A New Hope 11 786.6 775.6
1980 The Empire Strikes Back 23 534.1 511.1
1983 Return of the Jedi 32.5 572.7 540.2
1999 The Phantom Menace 115 1027 912
2002 Attack of the Clones 115 656.6 541.6
2005 Revenge of the Sith 115 848.9 733.9
2008 The Clone Wars 8.5 68.6 60.1
2015 The Force Awakens 306 2058 1.752
2016 Rogue One 200 927.3 727.3
Total 926 7,479.8 6,560 [18]
Franchise Year of inception Total Revenue
Star Trek 1966 $10 Billion (as of 2016)[19]
Star Wars 1977 $42 Billion (as of 2015)[20]

Critique and commentaries[edit]

Science fiction writer David Brin criticized Star Wars at the time of the release of The Phantom Menace, arguing that while the Star Wars movies provide special effects and action/adventure, audiences are not encouraged to engage with their overriding themes. Among his issues with Star Wars and George Lucas, whom he accused of "having an agenda", is that the Star Wars galaxy is too "elitist", with arbitrary rulers on both the evil and good sides, replacing one another without any involvement of the population. He criticizes both sides of the Galactic Civil War as part of the "same genetically superior royal family."[21] He finds the Star Wars universe flawed with additional forms of absolutism, such as justified emotions leading a good person to evil - for example citing the idea that Luke Skywalker killing Palpatine would somehow turn him to the dark side, despite the act potentially saving millions of lives.[21]

Among the many other flaws he sees with Star Wars is that Anakin Skywalker becomes a hero at the end of Return of the Jedi simply because he saved his son's life, while the atrocities he committed during his time in power go largely ignored. In contrast, he argues that, despite its flaws, Star Trek is "democratic" and follows genuine issues and strong questioning.[21]

William Shatner argues that Star Trek is superior to Star Wars. According to him, "Star Trek had relationships and conflict among the relationships and stories that involved humanity and philosophical questions."[22] Shatner believes that Star Wars was only better than Star Trek in terms of special effects, and that once J.J. Abrams became involved, Star Trek was able to "supersede Star Wars on every level".[22]

Tim Russ, who played Tuvok in Star Trek Voyager, claims that it is difficult to find common enough elements to be able to compare the two. Among those common elements are their similar settings of unique characters and technologies. He echoed Shatner that Star Trek reflects common human issues, the morals of exploration and considers ethical questions. Star Wars in his view is a classic medieval tale dressed up as action-adventure, and that embraces the Eastern Philosophy of inner-strength. Russ concludes that despite both their success and popularity, Star Trek comes out as the better of the two, as it is set in "our" galaxy and therefore people can relate better to it, whereas Star Wars takes place in another galaxy. He acknowledged that he could be biased.[2]

Jeremy Bulloch is best known for his role as Boba Fett in the original Star Wars trilogy. He is a fan of Star Trek: The Original Series. He argued that while both franchises are popular, Star Wars comes out as the superior, for its soundtracks and special effects.[2]

Contrasting the focus of the two franchises, contributor J. C. Herzthe of the New York Times argued, "Trek fandom revolves around technology because the Star Trek universe was founded on ham-fisted dialogue and Gong Show-caliber acting. But the fictional science has always been brilliant. The science in Star Wars is nonsense, and everyone knows it. But no one cares because Star Wars isn't about science. It's epic drama. It's about those incredibly well-developed characters and the moral decisions they face. People don't get into debates about how the second Death Star works. They get into debates about the ethics of blowing it up."[23]

John Wenzel of the Denver Post highlighted two differences in approach, noting the "swashbuckling" and "gunslinger" style of Star Wars compared with Star Trek's "broader themes of utopian living, justice and identity" and that the spiritual aspect of Star Wars contrasts with the balance of emotion and logic seen in Star Trek.[24]

Billionaire Peter Thiel told Dowd “I’m a capitalist. Star Wars is the capitalist show. Star Trek is the communist one". He further stated “There is no money in Star Trek because you just have the transporter machine that can make anything you need”. “The whole plot of Star Wars starts with Han Solo having this debt that he owes and so the plot in Star Wars is driven by money.”[25]

Archived footage in Trek Nation showed Gene Roddenberry saying, "I like Star Wars. It was young King Arthur growing up, slaying the evil emperor finally. There's nothing wrong with that kind of entertainment - Everything doesn't have to create a philosophy for you - for your whole life. You can also have fun."[26]

Influences on one another[edit]

The two franchises have a "symbiotic relationship" stated Shatner, who credits Star Wars for launching the Star Trek films.[27] He repeated this sentiment at a 2016 Star Trek fan convention in Las Vegas by stating "Star Wars created Star Trek". He clarified this statement by explaining that at the time of the release of the first Star Wars film (A New Hope), Paramount, then under new management, was struggling to come up with something that could compete with it. A Star Trek relaunch was the choice. Since then, public interest has returned to Star Trek.[28]

The documentary Trek Nation features interviews where both Lucas and Roddenberry praise one another's respective franchises, with the former stating that Star Trek was an influence while writing the original screenplay for Star Wars.[26] He explained that while both franchises were so "far out", Star Trek produced a fanbase that "softened up the entertainment arena" so that Star Wars could "come along and stand on its shoulders."[29] This is also acknowledged by Shatner, who went as far as to call Star Wars a "derivative" of Star Trek.[22]

A few references to Star Wars have been inserted into Star Trek films. For fleeting moments, one can see ships and droids from Star Wars in both Star Trek (2009) and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013).[30] Some Star Trek films and TV episodes used the Star Wars animation shop, Industrial Light and Magic, for their special effects.[31]

When Roddenberry was honored at a Star Trek convention late in life, a congratulatory letter from Lucas was presented by an actor dressed as Darth Vader. A few years earlier, Roddenberry had contributed an entry in honor of Star Wars and Lucas at a convention honoring the latter.[citation needed]

Comic relief[edit]

Shatner was a presenter at Lucas' American Film Institute Lifetime Achievement Award ceremony in 2007 and did a comical stage performance honoring Lucas.[32]

At a live concert, Shatner dressed as an imperial stormtrooper singing 'Girl Crush' alongside Carrie Underwood and Brad Paisley.[33]

In 2011, Shatner and Carrie Fisher posted a series of humorous YouTube videos satirizing each other's franchises.

In a 2016 interview, Shatner commented that Captain Kirk and Princess Leia eloping and running off into the sunset would be the "perfect union" between Star Trek and Star Wars.[22]

Shatner has also posted a number of humorous tweets on his Twitter account mocking Star Wars. Amongst them were commemorating the 35th anniversary of the poorly received Star Wars Holiday Special. It was then that Star Wars actor Peter Mayhew posted a "retaliation" tweet congratulating Shatner for the directing of Star Trek V: The Final Frontier, another poorly received film.[34]

Future[edit]

Both franchises are set to grow throughout the next decade.

Star Trek was rebooted with a series of feature films starting with the Star Trek reboot (2009), which was followed by Star Trek: Into Darkness (2013) and Star Trek Beyond (2016) and a number of sequels are set to follow. A new television series based in the original timeline, subtitled Discovery, serving as a prequel to the original series will debut in 2017.[35]

Star Wars is set to pick up from where Return of the Jedi left off, with The Force Awakens the first in the new trilogy. Additionally, more spin-off media is also underway with the debut of Star Wars Rebels, a television series set in between the Star Wars prequels and the original trilogy, and an anthology of stand-alone Star Wars films, starting with Rogue One, which was released in December 2016. [36]

Fan works[edit]

Aside from official works by the producers of Star Trek and Star Wars, many fan films and webisodes set in the two universes of the franchises are also constantly produced and posted on the Internet by fans, but are not officially considered canon in relation to either franchise.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Ho (May 14, 1999), "Trekkers VS Lucasites", The Harvard Crimson 
  2. ^ a b c d Forbeck, Matt (18 April 2011). Star Wars vs. Star Trek: Could the Empire kick the Federation's ass? And other galaxy-shaking enigmas. Adams Media. ISBN 1-4405-2577-3. 
  3. ^ "Star Trek vs Star Wars: the space battle that will never end". 
  4. ^ ScreenPrism. "What was "Star Trek" creator Gene Roddenberry's vision for the series - ScreenPrism". 
  5. ^ Empire of Dreams: The Story of the Star Wars Trilogy. Star Wars Trilogy Box Set DVD documentary. [2005]
  6. ^ a b Lucasfilm (15 October 2012). Star Wars and History. Wiley. ISBN 978-1-118-28525-1. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ See David Alexander, Star Trek Creator. The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry and interview with Roddenberry in Something about the Author by Gale Research Company and chapter 11 of Trash Culture: Popular Culture and the Great Tradition by Richard Keller Simon
  9. ^ Decker, Kevin S. (1 October 2010). Star Wars and Philosophy: More Powerful Than You Can Possibly Imagine. ReadHowYouWant.com. ISBN 978-1-4596-0101-7. 
  10. ^ Redmond, Sean (2004). Liquid Metal: The Science Fiction Film Reader. Wallflower Press. pp. 303–. ISBN 978-1-903364-87-1. 
  11. ^ Kapell, Matthew Wilhelm (1 March 2010). Star Trek as Myth: Essays on Symbol and Archetype at the Final Frontier. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-5594-2. 
  12. ^ "Star Trek as Myth Through an Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Gilgamesh/Enkidu and Kirk/Spock Relationships". The Kirk/Spock fanfiction archive. 
  13. ^ "Star Trek And the New Myth of the Machine as Seen in the Talosians, Trelane, and the Organians". Ken Sanes. Transperancy. 
  14. ^ "Leonard Nimoy hosts 1983 Return of the Jedi set visit in this awesome, long-lost clip". Trent Moore. SyFyWire. 
  15. ^ Ali Jaafar. "Star Wars: The Force Awakens Helps Abu Dhabi Build Road To Somewhere - Deadline". Deadline. 
  16. ^ "'Star Trek Beyond' descends on Dubai: JLT, DIFC 'raided'". Emirates 24-7. 
  17. ^ "Star Trek Franchise Box Office History - The Numbers". www.the-numbers.com. Retrieved 2017-01-08. 
  18. ^ "Star Wars Franchise Box Office History - The Numbers". www.the-numbers.com. Retrieved 2017-01-08. 
  19. ^ "Business of ‘Star Trek’: Franchise celebrates 50th anniversary". CGTN. July 26, 2016. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  20. ^ Chew, Jonathan (December 24, 2015). "Star Wars Franchise Worth More Than Harry Potter and James Bond, Combined". Fortune. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  21. ^ a b c Brin, David. ""Star Wars" despots vs. "Star Trek" populists". 
  22. ^ a b c d Editor, Gazelle Emami Deputy Features; Post, The Huffington (15 September 2011). "William Shatner: 'Star Wars Is Derivative Of Star Trek'". 
  23. ^ "'Star Wars' World With a Sense of Humor". The New York Times. 29 October 1998. 
  24. ^ John Wenzel (11 October 2009). ""Star Wars" vs. "Star Trek": The final frontier of marketing is an expanding universe". The Denver Post. 
  25. ^ "Peter Thiel Thinks 'Star Trek' Is 'Communist' While 'Star Wars' Is 'Capitalist'". 11 January 2017. 
  26. ^ a b Trek Nation (2010 documentary)
  27. ^ Dominguez, Robert (1999-05-17). "William Shatner's Trek Never Ends The Actor-author Keeps Seeking New Challenges While Feeding Fans' Hunger For All Things Kirk". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on 2012-01-12. Retrieved October 14, 2011. 
  28. ^ "William Shatner Says Star Wars Created Star Trek". 
  29. ^ "George Lucas on how Star Trek helped Star Wars". 
  30. ^ Child, Ben (2013-09-10). "Star Wars droid R2D2 spotted in Star Trek Into Darkness". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-12-13. 
  31. ^ "Archive". Industrial Light & Magic. Retrieved 2016-12-13. 
  32. ^ "Shatner Honors Lucas". American Film Institute. 
  33. ^ "William Shatner Dresses as 'Star Wars' Stormtrooper, Sings 'Girl Crush' at CMAs". 
  34. ^ "William Shatner can't stop trolling Star Wars fans". The Telegraph. 
  35. ^ "Star Trek New Star Trek Series Premieres January 2017". StarTrek.com. 
  36. ^ "Upcoming Star Wars Movies: List Of Titles And Release Dates - CINEMABLEND". CINEMABLEND. 2015-12-16. Retrieved 2016-12-13. 

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