Star for Conspicuous Leadership

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Star for Conspicuous Leadership
Star for Conspicuous Leadership.jpg
Awarded by the President
CountryYellow star on green.png  South Africa
TypeMilitary decoration for bravery
EligibilityAzanian People's Liberation Army cadres
Awarded forDistinguished conduct and exceptional combat leadership
Campaign(s)The "struggle"
StatusDiscontinued in 2003
Post-nominalsSCL
Statistics
Established1996
APLA 1996 & SANDF post-2002 orders of wear
Next (higher)
APLA precedence:
SANDF precedence:
Next (lower)
APLA succession:
Ribbon Star for Conspicuous Leadership.png
Ribbon bar

The Star for Conspicuous Leadership, post-nominal letters SCL, was instituted by the President of the Republic of South Africa in April 1996. It was awarded to veteran cadres of the Azanian People's Liberation Army, the military wing of the Pan Africanist Congress, for distinguished conduct and exceptional combat leadership during the "struggle".[1][2]

Azanian People's Liberation Army[edit]

The Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) was the para-military wing of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC). It was established in 1961 to wage an armed struggle against the Nationalist government inside South Africa. On 27 April 1994, the Azanian People's Liberation Army was amalgamated with six other military forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[1][3][4]

Institution[edit]

The Star for Conspicuous Leadership, post-nominal letters SCL, was instituted by the President of South Africa in April 1996. It is the junior award of a set of three decorations for bravery, along with the Gold Star for Bravery and the Bravery Star in Silver.[1][2]

The Azanian People's Liberation Army's military decorations and medals were modeled on those of the Republic of South Africa and these three decorations are the approximate equivalents of, respectively, the Honoris Crux Gold, the Honoris Crux (1975) and the Pro Virtute Decoration.[1][5]

Award criteria[edit]

The decoration could be awarded to veteran cadres of the Azanian People's Liberation Army for distinguished conduct and exceptional combat leadership during the "struggle".[1]

Order of wear[edit]

The position of the Star for Conspicuous Leadership in the official military and national orders of precedence was revised upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003, but it remained unchanged.[5][6]

Azanian People's Liberation Army

Bravery Star in Silver (BSS) Star for Conspicuous Leadership (SCL) Gold Decoration for Merit (GDM)

South African National Defence Force until 26 April 2003

Conspicuous Leadership Star (CLS) Star for Conspicuous Leadership (SCL) Defence Force Merit Decoration

Description[edit]

Obverse

The Star for Conspicuous Leadership is a pair of five-pointed stars, superimposed one on the other and struck in bronze, to fit inside a circle with a diameter of 38 millimetres and displaying a bronze lion on a ruby red enameled centre roundel.[1][7]

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide and red, with a 12 millimetres wide dark brown band in the centre.[1][7]

Discontinuation[edit]

Conferment of the Star for Conspicuous Leadership was discontinued upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g South African Medal Website - Liberation armies (Accessed 30 April 2015)
  2. ^ a b South African Medal Website - Post-nominal Letters (Accessed 28 April 2015)
  3. ^ "Manifesto of Umkhonto we Sizwe". African National Congress. 16 December 1961. Archived from the original on 17 December 2006. Retrieved 30 December 2006.
  4. ^ Warrant of the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of the "UNITAS MEDAL-UNITAS-MEDALJE", Gazette no. 16087 dated 25 November 1994.
  5. ^ a b c d e Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
  6. ^ a b Presidential Warrant by the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of Honours for Bravery in the South African National Defence Force, Gazette no. 25213 dated 25 July 2003.
  7. ^ a b Uniform: SA Army: Former Forces Medals - Azanian Peoples Liberation Army (APLA)