Stara Gradiška prison

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Stara Gradiška prison is a former prison at Stara Gradiška, Croatia.

The prison site was first established in 1799.[1]

During World War II, the former Austro-Hungarian fortress was used by the Ustaša regime as the Stara Gradiška concentration camp, a part of the Jasenovac complex, the largest extermination camp in occupied Yugoslavia.

From 1945 until the late 1980s the prison at Stara Gradiška held political prisoners of the communist regime.[2][3]

The detention facility was shut down by the Republic of Croatia in 1990, a decision made formal in February 1991.[4] However, from October 1991 until July 1993, the prison was again re-opened by the Krajina Serbs, who captured and detained numerous Croats in the facility during the Croatian War of Independence.[5]

The municipality plans to turn the site into a museum.[6] The Catholic Church plans to build a memorial church in the area.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marica Karakaš. "Žene u logorima Stara Gradiška i Jasenovac prema svjedočenju logorašica 1946.-1948. godine" (PDF) (in Croatian). Zagreb, Croatia: The political science research centre. Kaznionica/zatvor u Staroj Gradišci, koji kontinuirano djeluje gotovo od 1799. godine kada su u tvrđavu zatvarani francuski vojni zarobljenici, pretvara se u sabirni logor sredinom veljače 1942. godine. bibliography entry
  2. ^ Ramet, Sabrina P. 2006. The Three Yugoslavias: State-Building And Legitimation, 1918-2005. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, p. 307.
  3. ^ Mesić, Stipe. 2004. The Demise of Yugoslavia: A Political Memoir. New York: Central European University Press, p. 62.
  4. ^ 6 13.02.1991 Odluka o ukidanju Kazneno-popravnog doma u Staroj Gradiški, Narodne novine, accessed 2011-12-28
  5. ^ "Prison camps: Nova Gradiška". Final report of the United Nations Commission of Experts, established pursuant to security council resolution 780 (1992), Annex VIII - Prison camps; Under the Direction of: M. Cherif Bassiouni; S/1994/674/Add.2. 1994-05-27. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
  6. ^ Zatvor Stara Gradiška uskoro muzej
  7. ^ Stara Gradiška: Blagoslovljen temeljni kamen spomen-crkve za svećenike žrtve komunizma Archived 2012-02-13 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]