Stara Pazova

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Stara Pazova
Стара Пазова
Town and munpality
Panorama of Stara Pazova town
Panorama of Stara Pazova town
Coat of arms of Stara Pazova
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Stara Pazova within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Stara Pazova within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°59′N 20°10′E / 44.983°N 20.167°E / 44.983; 20.167Coordinates: 44°59′N 20°10′E / 44.983°N 20.167°E / 44.983; 20.167
Country  Serbia
Province Vojvodina
District Srem
Settlements 9
Government
 • Mayor Đorđe Radinović (SNS)
Area[1]
 • Town 64.73 km2 (24.99 sq mi)
 • Municipality 344.49 km2 (133.01 sq mi)
Elevation 82 m (269 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 18,602
 • Town density 290/km2 (740/sq mi)
 • Municipality 65,792
 • Municipality density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 22300
Area code +381(0)22
Car plates ST

Stara Pazova (Serbian Cyrillic: Стара Пазова, pronounced [stâːraː pâzɔv̞a]) is a town and municipality located in the Srem District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The town has a population of 18,602, while Stara Pazova municipality has 65,792 inhabitants.

Name[edit]

In Serbian, the town is known as Stara Pazova (Стара Пазова), formerly also Pazova (Пазова); in Slovak as Stará Pazova; in German as Alt-Pasua, Alt-Pazua or Pazua; and in Hungarian as Ópazova.

History[edit]

During the Ottoman administration (16th-18th century), Pazova was populated by ethnic Serbs and was part of the Ottoman Sanjak of Syrmia. In 1718, the town became part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the 18th century (after 1760) Lutheran Slovaks settled in Pazova, and in 1791 Germans arrived here as well. Germans lived in separate settlement known as Nova Pazova ("New Pazova"), thus the old settlement was named Stara Pazova ("Old Pazova"). Until the second half of the 20th century, Slovaks were largest ethnic group in the town of Stara Pazova, while largest ethnic group in the surrounding municipality were Serbs.

For most part of the Habsburg rule, Stara Pazova was part of the Habsburg Military Frontier (abolished in 1882), while in 1848-1849 was part of Serbian Vojvodina. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Stara Pazova was a district center in the Syrmia County (part of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Kingdom of Hungary and Austria-Hungary). According to the 1910 census, population of the Stara Pazova municipality numbered 46,430 inhabitants, of whom 24,262 spoke Serbian, 9,348 German, 5,779 Slovak, and 5,670 Croatian. [1] The town itself had Slovak majority in 1910.

After 1918, the town was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and subsequent South Slavic states. According to the 1971 census, 56% of population of the town of Stara Pazova were Slovaks. Today, the largest ethnic group in both town and municipality, are Serbs.

Inhabited places[edit]

Map of Stara Pazova municipality

Stara Pazova municipality includes the town of Stara Pazova and the following settlements:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194830,547—    
195333,352+1.77%
196141,036+2.63%
197143,447+0.57%
198152,566+1.92%
199157,291+0.86%
200267,576+1.51%
201165,792−0.30%
Source: [3]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Stara Pazova has a population of 65,792 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

All settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority. The ethnic composition of the municipality:[4]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 54,516
Slovaks 5,212
Croats 1,336
Romani 1,193
Yugoslavs 206
Montenegrins 122
Macedonians 179
Hungarians 131
Muslims 83
Russians 52
Ukrainians 47
Slovenians 27
Germans 27
Gorani 21
Bosniaks 17
Bulgarians 12
Others 2,611
Total 65,792

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[5]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 276
Mining 8
Processing industry 6,710
Distribution of power, gas and water 84
Distribution of water and water waste management 244
Construction 812
Wholesale and retail, repair 4,432
Traffic, storage and communication 2,584
Hotels and restaurants 499
Media and telecommunications 130
Finance and insurance 139
Property stock and charter 64
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 465
Administrative and other services 425
Administration and social assurance 540
Education 765
Healthcare and social work 786
Art, leisure and recreation 105
Other services 287
Total 19,357

Gallery[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Stara Pazova is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 19 August 2017. 
  4. ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 22 February 2018. 
  5. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 22 February 2018. 
  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
  • Dr. Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 1, Novi Sad, 1990.
  • Borislav Jankulov, Pregled kolonizacije Vojvodine u XVIII i XIX veku, Novi Sad - Pančevo, 2003.
  • Dr. Branislav Bukurov, Bačka, Banat i Srem, Novi Sad, 1978.

External links[edit]