Stara Wieś, Podkarpackie Voivodeship
Stara Wieś [ˈstara ˈvʲɛɕ] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Brzozów, within Brzozów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. It lies approximately 3 kilometres (2 mi) north of Brzozów and 35 km (22 mi) south of the regional capital Rzeszów.
The village has a population of 3,500. The lands on which Stara Wies and its immediate neighbor Brzozow lay today, in ancient times,in the early 14th century, consisted of birch forest (hence the name Brzozow - a variant of Brzoza, meaning birch tree). On October 2, 1359, King Casimir the Great at Kraków granted to Stefan Wojosta, a royal knight, the privilege of establishing a village in a forest named Brzozowe. That name was also adopted as the name for Wojosta's settlement. Later, variant names appeared in documents: Bresen (1384), Brzozowo (1403), Brzozowa (1437). At some point in the late 14th century, another settlement was built near the original village for defensive purposes. Over time this second settlement took on the name of Brzozow while the original settlement became known as Stara Wies meaning Old Village. The King's grant consisted of 50 franconian lans (about 3000 acres) distributed as follows—3 lans for the village elder, 2 lans for maintenance of the church, two common lans for grazing - and the remaining 43 lans for settlers with one lan to each of them as set by the Magdeburg colonization laws. A franconian lan was considered in medieval times the amount of land necessary to operate a fully self-sufficient farm. A church building was funded as part of the settlement. The first church, named Corpus Christi, was built between 1359 and 1375. A second church, named Birth of Our Holy Lady, was built in 1698 replacing the three century old wooden structure. It contained three altars. In 1730 construction commenced on the present brick church of the Assumption of the Most Holy Virgin.
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