Starborough Castle

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Starborough Castle
Edenbridge, Kent, England
Starborough Castle 2011.jpg
The castle in 2011
Starborough Castle is located in Kent
Starborough Castle
Starborough Castle
Coordinates grid reference TQ425440
Site information
Condition Inhabited
Site history
Materials Sandstone

Starborough Castle, known historically as Sterborough Castle, is a Neo-Gothic garden house of dressed sandstone, near Edenbridge, Kent, built in 1754 by Sir James Burrow.[1] It occupies the north-eastern portion of an artificial island south of the River Eden, roughly 3 km to the south-west of Edenbridge.[2] It is a Grade II* listed building and scheduled monument, and was built on the site of the first castle, a medieval fortified house built circa 1341.[1][3]

History[edit]

The first Starborough Castle was the manor house of Reginald de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham, and 1st Lord Cobham of Sterborough, built in what was then the historic county of Surrey.[4] On 18 October 1341 Cobham was granted licence by Edward III to crenelate the building, and the following year the building was fortified and became Starborough Castle.[2] The castle was of a similar quadrangular style to Bodiam Castle, consisting of four towers and a gate, surrounded on all sides by a moat, with a central bridge crossing at the south.[2] After the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, the Duke of Orleans was for a time held captive in the castle.[2] The castle passed to Edward Burgh through his circa 1476 marriage to Anne Cobham, daughter of Sir Thomas, de jure 5th Baron Cobham of Sterborough.[5][6]

The medieval castle, circa 1640

On 4 July 1648 the castle was ordered to be destroyed by Order of Parliament under the rule of Oliver Cromwell. It was feared the castle would provide a base for Royalist Rebellion forces.[3] Only the moat survives, although parts of the original castle were used to build the present building on the north-east corner of the site.[2]

In the 1700s the site became part of a country garden, before Sir James Burrow constructed the manor house now known as Starborough Castle in 1754. Although the site fell into ruin for a long period, Ray Edwards, a local farmer and builder, restored the site, before selling it to Warwick Leadlay. Under Leadlay outbuildings were added, with the site being used for an annual jazz festival. Leadlay placed the castle for sale in 2003.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Moye, Catherine (31 May 2003). "Who will capture the castle?". Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 September 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Davis, Philip. "Starborough Castle". Gatehouse. Philip Davis. Archived from the original on 7 September 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Extract from English Heritage's record of Scheduled Monuments" (PDF). English Heritage. 23 December 1997. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "Reginald, Lord Cobham of Sterborough in Lingfield (Surrey), d. 1361". icma centre. Archived from the original on 7 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-07. 
  5. ^ "Burgh, Baron (E, 1487 or 1529)". Cracrofts Peerage. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  6. ^ William Henry Ireland, England's topographer, or A new and complete history of the county of Kent, 1830, p.612

External links[edit]