Stardust the Super Wizard

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Stardust the Super Wizard
FantasticComics14.jpg
Stardust feature in Fantastic Comics #14 (April 1941). Art and story by Fletcher Hanks.
Publication information
Publisher Fox Feature Syndicate
First appearance

Fantastic Comics #1 (December 1939)

Fox Feature Syndicate
Created by Fletcher Hanks
In-story information
Alter ego None
Species Unknown
Place of origin Unrevealed
Partnerships
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
  • Interplanetary Police
  • Interplanetary Guardian of the Peace (unnamed)
  • Local law enforcement
  • The Stardust Sixth Column
Abilities
  • Superhuman strength, speed, durability and endurance
  • Vast knowledge of interplanetary science
  • Master of space and planetary forces
  • Skilled detective
  • Formidable brawler
  • Accelerate perception
  • Extrasensory perception
  • Augmented respiration
  • Interplanetary flight
  • Indestructibility
  • Telepathy
  • Teleportation
  • Metamorphosis
  • Transmogrification
  • Telekinesis
  • Selective omniscience
  • Luminous skywriting
  • Other powers as required by the story

Stardust the Super Wizard is a fictional superhero from the Golden Age of Comics who originally appeared in American comic books published by Fox Feature Syndicate. The character was created by writer-artist Fletcher Hanks. Stardust the Super Wizard made his first appearance in Fantastic Comics #1 (December 1939).

Publication history[edit]

Golden Age stories[edit]

Stardust the Super Wizard was featured in 16 issues of Fantastic Comics (December 1939–March 1941) and Big 3 #2 (January 1941). All features, with exceptions of Fantastic Comics #6 and #9, were both written and illustrated by Fletcher Hanks.

Reprints and collections[edit]

Stardust stories were reprinted in:

  • Raw #5 (March 1983)
  • Crack #2 (April 1984)
  • Men of Mystery Comics (2001, 2005, 2007, 2015)
  • Golden Age Greats Spotlight, vol. 3 (May 2008)
  • Stardust the Super Wizard comics/RPG (September 2016)

Gwandanaland Comics issued the complete collection of Stardust stories from the Golden Age of Comics in Gwandanaland Comics #9: Stardust the Super Wizard (September 2016).

The complete works of Fletcher Hanks have been collected in the Fantagraphics Books:

  • I Shall Destroy All Civilized Planets! (2007)
  • You Shall Die by Your Own Evil Creation! (2009)
  • Turn Loose Our Death Rays and Kill Them All! (2016)

The last volume is a combination of the first two with additional material. The complete collection catalogs all 15 of Fletcher Hanks' classic Stardust stories. In 2008, editor Paul Karasik received an Eisner Award for "Best Archival Collection/Project: Comic Books" for his work on I Shall Destroy All Civilized Planets! In 2009, Fantagraphics started to include a Fletcher Hanks mini-comic coloring book titled Color Me or Die!, featuring a cover by Charles Burns, to people who ordered volumes of The Complete Fletcher Hanks.

Index[edit]

Date Publication Publisher
1939.12 Fantastic Comics #1[1] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.01 Fantastic Comics #2[2] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.02 Fantastic Comics #3[3] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.03 Fantastic Comics #4[4] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.04 Fantastic Comics #5[5] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.05 Fantastic Comics #6[6] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.06 Fantastic Comics #7[7] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.07 Fantastic Comics #8[8] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.08 Fantastic Comics #9[9] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.09 Fantastic Comics #10[10] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.10 Fantastic Comics #11[11] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.11 Fantastic Comics #12[12] Fox Feature Syndicate
1940.12 Fantastic Comics #13[13] Fox Feature Syndicate
1941 Big 3 #2[14] Fox Feature Syndicate
1941.01 Fantastic Comics #14[15] Fox Feature Syndicate
1941.02 Fantastic Comics #15[16] Fox Feature Syndicate
1941.03 Fantastic Comics #16[17] Fox Feature Syndicate
1983.03 Raw #5[18] Raw Books & Graphics
1984.04 Crack #2[19] Stödföreningen ETC
2001 Men of Mystery Comics #34[20] AC Comics
2005 Men of Mystery Comics #55[21] AC Comics
2007 Men of Mystery: Golden Age Grand Slam #1[22] AC Comics
2007.06 The Complete Works of Fletcher Hanks, Vol. 1: I Shall Destroy All Civilized Planets![23] Fantagraphics Books
2008.05 Golden Age Greats Spotlight, Vol. #3 - Fox Features: The First Heroic Wave[24] AC Comics
2009 Color Me Or Die![25] Fantagraphics Books
2009.09 The Complete Works of Fletcher Hanks, Vol. 2: You Shall Die by Your Own Evil Creation![26] Fantagraphics Books
2015 Men of Mystery Comics #98[27] AC Comics
2016.09 Gwandanaland Comics #9: Stardust the Super Wizard[28] CreateSpace
2016.09 Stardust the Super Wizard[29] NUELOW Games
2016.12 Turn Loose Our Death Rays And Kill Them All!: The Complete Works of Fletcher Hanks[30] Fantagraphics Books

Fictional character biography[edit]

“Stardust, whose vast knowledge of interplanetary science has made him the most remarkable man that ever lived, devotes his abilities to crime-busting.” In later episodes, he changes his focus to racket-busting. In his Golden Age adventures, Stardust patrolled the entire occupied solar system. The stories, however, focused primarily on his dealings with the planet Earth. Absolutely nothing is known of Stardust's past.

Stardust stories followed a tried-and-true formula. The Super Wizard used his omniscient powers to eavesdrop on criminals plotting a crime. The main villain described his grandiose plan (e.g. to commit genocide, lay waste to a city, destroy democracy, etc.). Stardust pontificated on how evil their plans were but did nothing to prevent them. The villain put his plan into action, and many people were either killed or forced to flee. When Stardust arrived at the scene, he verbally berated the villains and then set into motion a series of increasingly bizarre and violent acts of revenge against the evildoers, often turning their own schemes against them. When the dust cleared, the grateful citizenry bemoaned the fact that they weren’t able to thank their hero who had already flown back to his secret headquarters in the stars.

Further adventures[edit]

The character of Stardust the Super Wizard is in the public domain.[31] As such, he can and has been used by a host of creators over the years.

New Stardust stories offer individual interpretations and explorations of the original character. These stories attempt to fill in plot holes, propose backstory, and otherwise embellish a seminal character in comics history.

Publishers of tabletop role-playing games have created campaigns featuring Stardust the Super Wizard, allowing players to interact, collaborate, and write their own stories.

Powers and abilities[edit]

Skills[edit]

Stardust is a master of space and planetary forces, possessing a vast knowledge of interplanetary science. He is also a skilled detective specializing in data collection. Although Stardust has never exhibited any formal combat training, his physical size and strength make him a formidable brawler.

Physicality[edit]

Physically, Stardust appears as a clean-cut, blond-haired, blue-eyed, Caucasian human male of heroic proportions. His height has been estimated anywhere between 7'3" and 9'9" tall. His genealogy has never been revealed. Although he has vested interests in Earth, it is unclear if he is of Earthly origin.

Stardust has exhibited a number of powers that are not attributed to his mastery of space and planetary forces. These powers may be attributed to an alien physiognomy, cybernetic augmentation, genetic modification, tetralogical manipulation, or a combination of these factors. The unexplained powers of Stardust include:

  • Superhuman strength. He has lifted grown men off the ground one-handed and tossed them out a window with little effort.[1]
  • Superhuman speed and accelerated perception. Stardust once delivered a well-timed uppercut while traveling at 300,000 miles per minute (18 million miles an hour).[8]
  • Superhuman endurance. Stardust has never been known to tire—or sleep for that matter.[7]
  • Superhuman durability. Stardust is immune to extreme heat and cold due to exposure to gas emitted from a star.[1]
  • Extrasensory Perception. Stardust has been able to sense danger and perceive events over great distances.[7]
  • Artificial lungs. Stardust’s respiratory system has been augmented, enabling him to breathe safely under any condition.[1][71]

Star-metal Suit[edit]

Stardust wears a flexible sky-blue unitard made of star-metal that fits him like a second skin. It is controlled through rays from a distant sun, rendering him invulnerable to chemicals and indestructible by electrical or violent force. Stardust has worn mid-calf boots in both blue and red.

Radiation Belt[edit]

Stardust wears a corset-sized gold radiation belt (aka ray belt) around his midsection. The belt is in a starburst motif and features two rows of red studs. The radiation belt empowers Stardust with a wide array of beams, rays, and arcs. Each ray is represented by its own red stud. Energies from the belt can be used at a local level to affect individual persons or expanded to levels that affect the movement of planetary bodies. The radiation belt does not need to be charged and is not dependent on an outside energy source. It has never overloaded or shown even minor stress despite the great demands that have been made of it. Stardust appears to be limited merely by the breadth of his scientific knowledge and his ability to make good choices.

Energies that Stardust has employed in his adventures include, but should not be limited to:[72]

  • Absorbing ray. Makes objects disappear entirely.[4]
  • Agitator ray. Stirs up large bodies of water, causing tidal waves and great surges.[13]
  • Anti-gravity ray, aka Gravity-control ray. Adjusts the planetary pull on an object.[1]
  • Anti-motion ray. Removes all momentum from objects.[8]
  • Attractor beam. Connects Stardust with an object and allow him to direct its physical motion.[7]
  • Attractor ray. Identified a specific object or substance and pulls it toward Stardust.[15]
  • Boomerang ray. Redirects and returns destructive forces back to their points of origin.[1]
  • Cleaving ray. Splits objects in half.[14][73]
  • Concentrator ray. Combines many people into one being.[14]
  • Counteracting ray. Neutralizes or reverses a harmful effect.[14]
  • Disintegrating ray, aka Super-solar disintegrating ray. Causes objects to violently break up into small parts[11]
  • Enervating ray, aka a mysterious ray. Drains people of strength and energy, rendering them helpless.[1][73]
  • Extinguishing ray. Puts out fires on a global scale.[10]
  • Fusing ray, aka Super-solar fusing ray. Melts materials or objects with intense heat.[2]
  • Invisibility ray. Renders objects—even entire planets—invisible.[15]
  • Magnetic ray. Physically pulls objects to Stardust.[1]
  • Metal-repelling ray. Forces metal away.[16]
  • Propelling beam. Imparts momentum to large groups of objects.[12]
  • Radiophonic thought-recording ray. Transmits thoughts and suggestions over great distances.[7]
  • Rarifying beam. Calms violent wind.[5]
  • Reducing ray. Shrinks people or objects.[5]
  • Repelling ray. Physically pushes objects and people away.[15]
  • Retarding ray. Reduces the momentum of planet-size objects.[10]
  • Reverse arc. Changes the direction of a tumbling force, such as a tidal wave.[3]
  • Revolving speed ray. Rotates objects at great velocity.[14]
  • Secret ray. Summons the skeletons of innocent murder victims.[1]
  • Shadow transfer ray. Causes one object to mirror the appearance of another.[15]
  • Spectral ray. Makes Stardust invisible or as bright as the sun.[1]
  • Sun beam. Destroys the energy of pyroclastic rocks.[4][73]
  • Superiority beam. Endows Stardust with a commanding presence, stunning people into inaction.[14]
  • Suspending ray. Hangs and maintains objects in midair.[1]
  • Suspension ray. Generates a field to contain a liquid or a gas.[15]
  • Television ray. Allows remote observation.[15]
  • Thought-recording ray. Allows Stardust to telepathically scan a population to reveal criminal intent.[15]
  • Transforming ray. Changes the form and size of an object or person.[10][74]
  • Transmitting ray. Physically lifts and transports identified populations to where Stardust directs them.[2][75]
  • Transmuting ray. Changes gas into hard crystal and back again.[8][73]
  • Transporting ray. Flies large groups of people back to their individual places of origin.[5]

Thought-recording Collar[edit]

Stardust wears a thought-recording collar that reproduces his internal monologue. The recordings are transmitted via thought-recording rays in order to establish telepathic communication with individuals or groups of people. The collar is gold colored and designed in starburst motif. It features a row of red studs similar to the ones found on Stardust's radiation belt.

Tubular Spacial[edit]

The tubular spacial is a luminous forcefield that enables Stardust to travel on accelerated super-solar light waves at tremendous speeds. Stardust has been recorded at speeds of up to 300,000 miles a minute (18 million miles an hour). When pushed to its utmost, the tubular spacial leaves a trail of friction-fire in its wake. It is Stardust's primary mode of interplanetary transportation. He is able to control the speed and direction of the tubular spacial at will. The field is impenetrable and virtually indestructible. The tubular spacial generates a null field that neutralized all forms of energy (kinetic, electrical, magnetic, gamma, gravitational, etc.) and also protects him from the crushing forces of acceleration. The tubular spacial preserves and protects him from the vacuum of space. Stardust can use the field for his own use, extend it to accommodate a passenger,[1] or expand it further to encompass a large group of people.[11]

The tubular spacial can discharge a cloud of acid-proof dust that acts as chaff and a radar countermeasure.[4] Stardust can expand the wake of the tubular spacial and generate luminous skywriting.[3]

Stardust Flash[edit]

Stardust's trademark flash grants him the power of teleportation, allowing near instantaneous transportation between two fixed points. A brilliant flash shaped like a 5-pointed star accompanies each transfer. The flash can range in size from 10 feet wide to thousands of miles in diameter.[76] There does not seem to be a limit to the distance over which an object can be flashed. However, Stardust has never used his flash outside of a planet’s gravity well. His flash can teleport individual objects, people, groups, and even entire facilities. The flash can be further calibrated to target specific individuals, as when Stardust transported the entire staff of the F.B.I. from their offices and left all their office furniture behind.[1] Objects can also be safely transferred into occupied space, as when Stardust instantly outfitted the Sixth Columnists with uniforms.[16] Furthermore, the flash recalibrates and redirects the momentum of the object it transfers. This allows an object to match the relative velocity of its destination.[77]

Stardust's flash is also capable of affecting the momentum and vector of objects in its immediate vicinity. The flash is capable of affecting local objects, but can be expanded to a planetary scale. Stardust uses his flash to launch his tubular spacial. He also uses the flash at the end of his flight to remove momentum—allowing him to calmly walk out of his star. Stardust routinely uses his flash to enter buildings. If he enters a building after a long interplanetary flight, the building will shake just before he appears. Stardust typically announces his arrival before he appears.

Stardust's Astral Observatory[edit]

Stardust's headquarters is a crime-detecting laboratory and observation post that is located on what is referred to in early stories as a "private asteroid"[7] and in later stories as his "private star".[10] Stardust's private star has a breathable atmosphere capable of sustaining human and plant life. It features rolling hills, a lush forest, and paved roads. Stardust lives in a massive castle which is a short walk from the observatory.[12] The star has enough mass to sustain a number of small satellites.[11] From his marvelously equipped observatory, Stardust stays apprised of the affairs of the planets. Equipment Stardust has utilized in the Astral Observatory, broken down into categories, include:

Crime detection[edit]

  • Crime detector. A delicate crime-detecting unit with a needle gauge that vibrates to alert Stardust when a crime has been planned and is about to be executed.[10]
  • Crime-detecting scopes. Various devices that indicate the nature, location, extent, and severity of a crime.[4]

Criminal investigation[edit]

  • Long-range televisional finder. A scanner equipped with a widescreen monitor and a thought recorder that tunes into the thoughts of criminals to reveal their whereabouts and current plans to Stardust.[10]
  • Panoramic concentration unit. Reveals the power and influence of an organization and the extent of the crime being perpetrated, allowing Stardust to see the big picture.[11]

Remote observation[edit]

  • Dictaphonic view plates. A square monitor that allows Stardust to observe and record criminals from afar.[5]
  • Televisional crime-detecting unit. A circular monitor that allows Stardust to remotely observe criminals.[7]
  • Interplanetary television set and thought-process unit. A widescreen monitor and speaker system that allows Stardust to remotely observe and translate the thoughts of criminals. One can assume this comes in handy when the criminals are from another planet and speak a different language.[8]
  • Super-interplanetary television set. A wall-mounted super-widescreen monitor equipped with an adjustable thought recorder that allows Stardust to observe criminals from afar.[11]
  • Crime-detecting ray-phone. A headset with earphones and a view plate that allows Stardust to view criminals from afar.[3]

Mobile Technology[edit]

  • Anti-cosmic relayer. A device that reduces the radio frequency of remote controlled missiles and redirect them.[9]
  • Concentrator. A handheld wand that draws the heat rays of the Sun and concentrates them into a beam hot enough to melt an entire fortress.[6]
  • Panoramic television unit. A tablet-size device that allows Stardust to remotely view multiple sites. Used to observe the actions of the Sixth Column across the world.[16]
  • Simplified television unit. A handheld television unit, the size and shape of a smart phone, that allows Stardust to observe criminal activity from afar.[13]
  • Super radiophonic sets. Telecommunication devices used by the Sixth Column to contact with Stardust.[16]
  • Universal sound plate. A tablet-sized communication device that establishes an audio tele-conference with the operators of his super radiophonic sets.[16]

Further reading[edit]

Articles[edit]

  • “Now You'll Pay the Penalty: The Wonderfully Weird Work of Fletcher Hanks” by Adrianna Gober (May 2017)[78]
  • “10 Reasons Why Fletcher Hanks Kicks Ass” by Paul Karasik (January 2017)[79]
  • “Fletcher Hanks: The Most Bonkers Comic Book Creator of All-Time” by Mark Peters (January 2017)[80]
  • “The Astonishingly Incompetent Superhero Art of Fletcher Hanks” by Martin Schneider (December 2014)[81]
  • “The Golden Age, Part Two: Fletcher Hanks and Stardust the Super Wizard” by Adrianna Gober (September 2014)[82]
  • “The Eerie Art of Fletcher Hanks” by Ari Samsky[83]
  • “Fletcher Hanks: Artist and Brute” by Kris Jacobs[84]
  • “Fletcher Hanks Destroys New York!” by Christopher Irving[85]
  • “You Are Now in the Power of Stardust” by Gordon Monday[86]
  • “Interview: Paul Karasik Deconstructs Fletcher Hanks Revamp” by Van Jensen[87]
  • “Fletcher Hanks, Forgotten Genius?” by Harry Mendryk[88]
  • “Comic-Con 2007: Fletcher Hanks, the Batshit Genius of Golden Age Comics” by Eric David Even[89]

Histories[edit]

Stardust the Super Wizard is featured or referenced in the following books on comic book history:

  • Superhero Comics of the Golden Age: The Illustrated History by Mike Benton (1992)[90]
  • Men of Tomorrow: Geeks, Gangsters, and the Birth of the Comic Book by Gerald Jones (2004)[91]
  • Art Out of Time: Unknown Comics Visionaries, 1900-1969 by Dan Nadel (2006)[92]
  • Supermen! The First Wave of Comic Book Heroes 1936-1941 by Greg Sadowski (2009)[93]
  • Graven Images: Religion in Comic Books & Graphic Novels edited by A. David Lewis and Christine Hoff Kraemer (2010)[94]
  • Comics, Manga, and Graphic Novels: A History of Graphic Narratives by Robert Petersen (2010)[95]
  • Comics Versus Art by Bart Beaty (2012)[96]
  • The League of Regrettable Superheroes: Half-Baked Heroes from Comic Book History by Jon Morris (2015)[97]
  • Amazing Heroes Handbook by Christopher Irving (2015)[98]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [The Secret Army of Spies and Terrorists]" Fantastic Comics 1 (December 1939), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  2. ^ a b c Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [Rip-the-Blood’s World War]" Fantastic Comics 2 (January 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  3. ^ a b c d Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [The Demon’s Tidal Wave]" Fantastic Comics 3 (February 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  4. ^ a b c d e Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [The Mad Giant’s Volcanoes]" Fantastic Comics 4 (March 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  5. ^ a b c d e Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [Wolf-Eye’s Synthetic Tornadoes]" Fantastic Comics 5 (April 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  6. ^ a b Hanks, Fletcher [attributed] (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard [Dr. Martinious’ Disease-ridden Meteorites]" Fantastic Comics 6 (May 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [Gyp’s Anti-Solar Ray]" Fantastic Comics 7 (June 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  8. ^ a b c d e Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [The Emerald Men of Asperus]" Fantastic Comics 8 (July 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  9. ^ a b Hanks, Fletcher [attributed] (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [Moloka and Solar Pirates]" Fantastic Comics 9 (August 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Hanks, Fletcher [attributed] (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard [The Super Fiend]" Fantastic Comics 10 (September 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  11. ^ a b c d e f Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [Skullface’s Robbery of New York]" Fantastic Comics 11 (October 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  12. ^ a b c d e f Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard [Kaos and the Giant Vultures of Venus]" Fantastic Comics 12 (November 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  13. ^ a b c Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [Yew Bee and the Fifth Column]" Fantastic Comics 13 (December 1940), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard [De Structo’s Oxygen-Destroying Ray]" Big 3 2 (Winter 1941), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "The Super Wizard Stardust [The Fifth Column and the Sky-Demons]" Fantastic Comics 14 (January 1941), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  16. ^ a b c d e f Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard [The Fifth Column and the World Invaders]" Fantastic Comics 15 (February 1941), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  17. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Fox, Victor S. (ed). "SStardust the Super Wizard [Slant-Eye’s Robbery of Fort Knox]" Fantastic Comics 16 (March 1941), New York, NY: Fox Feature Syndicate
  18. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Spiegelman, Art (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard [Gyp’s Anti-Solar Ray]" Raw 5 (March 1983), New York, NY: Raw Books & Graphics
  19. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Samuelsson, Bengt (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard [Gyp’s Anti-Solar Ray]" Crack 2 (April 1984), Stockholm, Sweden: Stödföreningen ETC
  20. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Black, Bill (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard [Slant-Eye’s Robbery of Fort Knox]" Men of Mystery Comics 34 (2001), Longwood, Florida: AC Comics
  21. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Black, Bill (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard [Yew Bee and the Fifth Column]" Men of Mystery Comics 55 (2005), Longwood, Florida: AC Comics
  22. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Black, Bill (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard" Men of Mystery: Golden Age Grand Slam 1 (2007), Longwood, Florida: AC Comics
  23. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Karasik, Paul (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard" The Complete Works of Fletcher Hanks: I Shall Destroy All Civilized Planets! (June 2007), Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphics Books, ISBN 978-1560978398
  24. ^ Heike, Mark G. (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard" Golden Age Greats Spotlight: Fox Features: The First Heroic Wave v3, (May 2008), Longwood, Florida: AC Comics
  25. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a). Color Me or Die! (2009), Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphics Books
  26. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Karasik, Paul (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard" The Complete Works of Fletcher Hanks: You Shall Die by Your Own Evil Creation! v2, (September 2009), Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphics Books, ISBN 978-1606991602
  27. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Black, Bill (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard [The Fifth Column and the World Invaders]" Men of Mystery Comics 98 (2015), Longwood, Florida: AC Comics
  28. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Jones, Lance (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard" Gwandanaland 9 (September 2016), Seattle, Washington: CreateSpace, ISBN 978-1539069904
  29. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Miller, Steve (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard" Stardust the Super Wizard (September 2016), Renton, Washington: NUELOW Games
  30. ^ Hanks, Fletcher (w, a), Karasik, Paul (ed). "Stardust the Super Wizard" Turn Loose Our Death Rays And Kill Them All!: The Complete Works of Fletcher Hanks (December 2016), Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphics Books, ISBN 978-1606999677
  31. ^ The copyright on the character Stardust the Super Wizard has expired. The character appeared in comic books originally published in the U.S. by Fox Feature Syndicate between 1939 and 1941. Fox established the original copyrights to the two publications in which Stardust appeared: Fantastic Comics in 1939 and Big 3 Comics in 1941, respectively. The original copyrights lasted 27 years from the end of the year of their first publications. The copyright holder was free to renew the copyright any time during the year 1977. Fox Feature Syndicate, who went out of business in the mid 1950s, did not do so. The character’s creator, Fletcher Hanks, died on 22 January 1976 and never established legal claims to his characters. All copyright renewals after 1977 can be searched online at the United States Copyright Office.
  32. ^ Doc Quantum(w), C Syphrett(w), Libby Lawrence(w), Bradley Cobb(w). “The Paragons: Deus Ex Astra”. Earth 4 (March 2002), The Five Earths Project.
  33. ^ Kory Schaubhut (w, a). “Stardust the Super Wizard”. Faster Than the World (October 2006), Faster Than the World.
  34. ^ Chris Irving (w), Kurt Ruskin (a), Mark Heike (a), and Jeff Austin (a). “Starcrossed”. FemForce #137 (November 2006), AC Comics.
  35. ^ Sleestak (a). “Jonah Hex the SUPER WIZARD!”. Lady, That’s My Skull (June 2007), Lady, That’s My Skull.
  36. ^ Chris Irving (w), Larry Guidry (a), Guillermo Sanna (a), Jeff Austin (a), Rob Landsley (a). “Stardust the Super Wizard”. FemForce #140 (August 2007), AC Comics.
  37. ^ Joe Keatinge (w), Mike Allred (a). “Stardust the Super Wizard”. Fantastic Comics #24 (February 2008), Image Comics.
  38. ^ Jason Derr (w), Simon S. Andrews (a). “Stardust the Super Wizard”. The Duck Web Comics (February 2008), Dreamland Pictures.
  39. ^ Fletcher Hanks Redux, ed. Jeremy W. “Sweetwater” Mullins and Christopher Berinato, (Savannah, GA: Sequential Laboratory, 2008).
  40. ^ Jason Axtell (w,a). “Stardust the Super Wizard vs the Great Galactic Octopus”, Axtell Illustration (2008), Axtell Illustration.
  41. ^ Stanton Broadway (w,a). “Stardust”, Stanton Broadway Illustration (2008), Stanton Broadway.
  42. ^ Anna Ferrara (w,a). “Fantomah’s Blind Date”, concetta20.deviantart (2008), Concetta20.
  43. ^ Andrew Greenstone (w,a). “Stardust Destroys the Earth”, stardust-super-wizard.tumblr (2017), Andrew Greenstone Comics and Illustration.
  44. ^ Erik Larsen (w,a). Savage Dragon #141 (November 2008), Image Comics.
  45. ^ Larry King (w, a). “Fun in One”. http://earthmanprime.deviantart.com earthmanprime.deviantart] (December 2008), EarthmanPrime.
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  56. ^ Joey Peters (w,a). “Big Red Saves Christmas”. Super Wizard Universe (October 2015), Super Wizard Universe.
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  58. ^ Joey Peters (w,a). “Attack of the Super Wizards”. Super Wizard Universe (November 2015), Super Wizard Universe.
  59. ^ The Stardust Army included Big Red McClane, Earth’s Mightiest Lumberjack; Fantomah, the Mystery Lady of the Amazon; Space Smith, the Columbus of the Stars; Tabu, the Jungle Wizard; Buzz Crandall, Savior of the Stellar Oregon Trail; Sunspot of the Sixth Column; Rosemary Redgrave, the girl Stardust rescued in Fantastic Comics #12; and Sirus the Stardog.
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  61. ^ Barcade Jersey City Draw Jam (w,a). “Kitchen Scissors”. Jersey City Comics (January 2016), Jersey City Comics.
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  63. ^ Barcade Jersey City Draw Jam (w,a). “Look! Waffles!”. Jersey City Comics (March 2016), Jersey City Comics.
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  71. ^ Stardust has hovered in the stratosphere (between 5 and 31 miles above the Earth’s surface) and suffered no ill effects.
  72. ^ Citations are for first appearances.
  73. ^ a b c d This particular ray is never referenced by name in the stories. A descriptive name has been created to differentiate it from the other rays in the list.
  74. ^ Stardust has transformed criminals into worms, rats, and icicles. He has enlarged his own hands in order to grab criminals by their torsos. Stardust physically enlarged the Super-Fiend to give him a "fighting chance" when they battled. And he caused De Structo's head to enlarge and absorb his own body.
  75. ^ The transmitting ray is blue, and the only ray to ever be designated a color.
  76. ^ Stardust once produced a flash large enough to deflect the planet Mars from a collision course with Earth.
  77. ^ Stardust was able to safely flash the President from a moving plane to the stationary White House in Washington D.C.
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