Stari Grad, Belgrade
|Urban neighborhood and municipality|
Location of Stari Grad within the city of Belgrade
Location of the city of Belgrade within Serbia
|• Municipality president||Marko Bastać (DS)|
|• Total||7.0 km2 (2.7 sq mi)|
|• Density||6,900/km2 (18,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+381 11|
Stari Grad (Serbian Cyrillic: Стари Град, pronounced [stâːriː ɡrâd]) is an urban neighborhood and one of 17 city municipalities which constitute the city of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It encompasses some of the oldest sections of urban Belgrade, thus the name (‘’stari grad’’, Serbian for “old city”). Stari Grad is one of the three municipalities that occupy the very center of Belgrade, together with Savski Venac and Vračar.
The neighborhood of Stari Grad is not generally considered by the Belgraders as one single definitive neighborhood. Area which Stari Grad covers is either simply styled "downtown" or by the names of the more established neighborhood which it overlaps: Two parts of Dorćol separated on social-difference and architecture basis, It spreads from the bank of Danube by the Kalemegdan fortress to the Republic Square also known as "The Horse". Downtown Belgrade is most populated area which makes it the heart of the city, it spreads from Terazije down to Despot Stefan Boulevard. Tasmajdan neighborhood is along with Šipka the on the east side of Stari grad next to municipality of Palilula.
History and administration
Despite some of the oldest sections of Belgrade belong to Stari Grad, the municipality itself is among the latest urban ones formed administratively. It was formed by the merger of the municipality of Skadarlija and part of the municipality of Terazije on January 1, 1957.
Recent Presidents of the municipality:
- 1992 – 2000: Jovan Kažić (b. 1937)
- 2000 – June 21, 2012: Mirjana Božidarević (b. 1954)
- 21 June 2012 – 12 May 2016: Dejan Kovačević (b. 1966)
- 12 May 2016 – present: Marko Bastać (b. 1984)
Stari Grad occupies the ending ridge of Šumadija geological bar. The cliff-like ridge, where the fortress of Kalemegdan is located, overlooks the Great War Island and the confluence of the Sava river into the Danube, and makes one of the most beautiful natural lookouts in Belgrade. With Novi Beograd, it is one of 2 municipalities of Belgrade (out of 17) which occupy the banks of both major rivers in Belgrade, the Sava and the Danube (Zemun was the third, but when the municipality of Surčin split, Zemun was left with the Danube, and Surčin with the Sava bank).
The municipality of Stari Grad covers an area of just 7 square kilometers (2.7 sq mi) (second smallest in Belgrade, after Vračar) and borders the municipalities of Paliula on the east, Vračar on the south-east and Savski Venac on the south. The Sava makes a border to the municipality of Novi Beograd (west) and the Danube to the municipalities of Zemun (north-west) and the Banat's section of Palilula.
Like the other two "old" municipalities of central Belgrade (Savski Venac and Vračar), Stari Grad for decades is a highly depopulating municipality, but being a central municipality and small in area, it remains one of the most densely populated municipalities in Serbia. There were 48,450 inhabitants according to the 2011 census or 6,921/km2 (17,930/sq mi), compared to a population of 96,517 with a density of 13,788/km2 (35,710/sq mi) back in 1971.
Even though residential areas are much densely compact compared to Vračar, the latter is densely populated because almost one third of Stari Grad, even though it is "heart" of Belgrade is not inhabited (mostly the large park of Kalemegdan and the highly industrialized riverside of the Danube, with dozens of factories and spacious hangars and depots). However, a number of people working on the territory of the municipality doubles its own population and makes possible for the municipality of Stari Grad to achieve GDP per capita 6 to 8 times higher than the average in Serbia.
Economy and tourism
- Port of Belgrade; City's general urban plan (GUP) from 1972 projected the removal of the Port of Belgrade and the industrial facilities by 2021. The cleared area was to encompass the Danube's bank from the Dorćol to the Pančevo bridge. At that time, the proposed new locations included the Veliko Selo marsh or the Reva 2 section of Krnjača, across the Danube. When the GUP was revised in 2003, it kept the idea od relocating the port and the industry, and as the new location only Krnjača was mentioned. There was an idea that the already existing port of Pančevo, after certain changes, could become the new Belgrade's port, but the idea was abandoned.
- Large industrial zone on the riverside of the Danube, surrounding the port
- BEKO clothing factory
- Belgrade Fortress with the Kalemegdan park
- Botanical garden of Jevremovac
- Belgrade Zoo
- Prince Michael Street
- Bohemian quarter of Skadarlija
- Aleksandar Palas *****
- Hotel Majestic ****
- Hotel Palace ****
- Le Petit Piaf ***
- Hotel Royal ***
- Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
- Museum of Applied Arts (Vuka Karadžica 18)
- National Museum of Serbia (Trg republike 1a)
- Konak Kneginje Ljubice (Kneza Sime Markovića 3)
- Serbian Orthodox Church Museum (Kralja Petra I 5)
- Military Museum (Kalemegdan)
- Museum of Belgrade Fortress (Kalemegdan)
- Museum of Ethnography (Studentski trg 13)
- Museum of Pedagogy (Uzun Mirkova 14)
- Museum of the City of Belgrade (Zmaj Jovina 1)
- Museum of Theatrical Arts of Serbia (Gospodar Jevremova 19)
- Jewish Historical Museum (Kralja Petra I 71/1)
- Museum of Vuk and Dositej (Gospodar Jevremova 21)
- Museum of Automobiles (Majke Jevrosime 30)
As a curiosity, Stari Grad is the location of two shortest streets of Belgrade, Marka Leka and Laze Pačua, which are 45 and 48 meters long, respectively. Despite being in the sole downtown and densely populated urban section, they have no numbers as all the buildings located in them are numbered from the neighboring streets.
- Elementary school "Stari Grad"; founded in 1961 and originally named "1st Proletarian Brigade", with 1,300 pupils it was the largest school in this part of Belgrade. It was among the first schools in Belgrade which got a large library, day care, electronic classrooms, etc. As the population of Stari Grad dwindled, so did the number of pupils. Since the early 2010s, city administration considered to close the school. In March 2016 city announced the closing which provoked opposition from the pupils who organized petition in downtown to keep the school, followed by the joint protests of the pupils, their parents and teachers. The school was preserved for a year, but as the number of pupils fell to 142, in June 2017 city finally decided to resettle the pupils in the neighboring schools and to move the Sports Gymnasium in its building.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Stari Grad is twinned with:
- Yermasoyia, Cyprus
- Kotor, Montenegro
- Staré Mesto, Bratislava, Slovakia
- Centar, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
- Erzsébetváros, Budapest, Hungary
- Belgrade, Namur, Belgium
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
- D.B. (3 March 2009). "Uskoro dogovor o vlasništvu nad zemljištem Luke Beograd" (in Serbian). Politika.
- Politika, April 26, 2008, p.30
- A.Jovanović, D.Aleksić (7 June 2017), "OŠ „Stari grad” definitivno se gasi posle 56 godina", Politika (in Serbian), p. 17
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