Saskatoon freezing deaths

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The Saskatoon freezing deaths were a series of deaths amongst Canadian Aboriginal people in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan in the 2000s. These deaths may have been caused by members of the Saskatoon Police Service, officers of which allegedly arrested Aboriginal men (usually for drunkenness and/or disorderly behavior), drove them out of the city in the dead of winter, and abandoned them there. The practice was known as taking Aboriginal people for "starlight tours".[1]

Incidents[edit]

Victims who died from hypothermia include Rodney Naistus, Lawrence Wegner and Neil Stonechild. Rodney Naistus and Lawrence Wegner died in 2000 and their bodies were discovered on the outskirts of Saskatoon. However, inquests in 2001 and 2002 into their deaths determined their deaths were due to hypothermia, with no evidence of police involvement.[2] The inquest jury's recommendations all related to police policies and police/Aboriginal relations.[3] Neil Stonechild's body was found in 1990 in a field outside Saskatoon. A 2003 inquest was not able to determine the circumstances that led to his death.[2][4][5]

In January 2000, Darrel Night was dropped off on the outskirts of Saskatoon but was able to call a taxi from the nearby Queen Elizabeth Power Station and suffered no ill effects. The two officers involved, constables Dan Hatchen and Ken Munson of the Saskatoon Police Service, claimed that they had simply given Night a ride home and dropped him off at his own request, but were convicted of unlawful confinement in September 2001 and sentenced to eight months in prison.[6][7] The incident was the subject of the National Film Board of Canada documentary "Two Worlds Colliding" by Tasha Hubbard.[8]

The Saskatoon police initially insisted these were isolated incidents. But in 2003, police chief Russell Sabo admitted that there was a possibility that the force had been dumping First Nations people outside the city for years, after revealing that in 1976 an officer was disciplined for taking an Aboriginal woman to the outskirts of the city and abandoning her there.[9]

In December 2010, a young aboriginal man named Evan Maud in Winnipeg accused the police of taking him to the edge of the city at 4:00 a.m., threatening him with a Taser, and taking his jacket.[10] The police stated that the accusation was false and laid charges against Maud of criminal mischief, after evidence surfaced such as video of Maud boarding a bus 15 minutes after being stopped by police, corroboration by police GPS, and testimony by witnesses that Maud was not wearing a jacket that night.[11][12]

In media[edit]

Film[edit]

These incidents have been addressed in two films. Darrel Night's experiences were documented in Tasha Hubbard's 2004 National Film Board of Canada documentary Two Worlds Colliding, winner of the Canada Award.[5][13] A fictional incident was also portrayed in the half-hour drama Out In The Cold, directed by Colleen Murphy and starring Gordon Tootoosis.[1]

Music[edit]

Canadian musician Kris Demeanor's song 'One Shoe' was written about the Saskatoon freezing deaths, particularly Stonechild's. Nicky Metha's song "Starlight" was also written about the freezing deaths.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New film renews community discussion about Aboriginal freezing deaths in Saskatoon". Dispatch. University of Regina. Retrieved 15 February 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "When Police Become Prey: The Cold Hard Facts of Neil Stonechild's Freezing Death". Audacious Books. ISBN 978-1-77141-146-2. 
  3. ^ Excerpts from Third Report of Canada on the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  4. ^ "Who was Neil Stonechild?". CBC News. CBC. November 3, 2005. Retrieved 15 February 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Thrall, Christopher (April 7, 2005). "Justice of the police". Vue Weekly. Retrieved 15 February 2010. 
  6. ^ Brown, DeNeen L. (November 22, 2003). "Left for dead in a Saskatchewan winter". MSN. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Archived from the original on Sep 15, 2005. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  7. ^ "Neil Stonechild: Timeline". CBC News. November 3, 2005. Retrieved 2012-09-25. 
  8. ^ "Two Worlds Colliding". National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 2012-09-25. 
  9. ^ "Saskatoon police chief admits starlight cruises are not new". Windspeaker. Aboriginal Multimedia Society of Alberta. July 1, 2003. Retrieved 15 February 2010. 
  10. ^ "Threat claims shake police-aboriginal relations". CBC News. December 9, 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  11. ^ "Man's abuse claims false: Winnipeg police". Winnipeg: CBC News. December 18, 2010. Retrieved 2012-09-25. 
  12. ^ Turenne, Paul (December 18, 2010). "Cops say man's freezing story a lie". CNEWS. Winnipeg. QMI Agency. Retrieved 2012-09-25. 
  13. ^ "Two Worlds Colliding" (requires Adobe Flash). Online film. National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 

External links[edit]