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Coordinates: 47°59′50″N 11°20′26″E / 47.99722°N 11.34056°E / 47.99722; 11.34056
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The town of Starnberg with the castle in the background
The town of Starnberg with the castle in the background
Coat of arms of Starnberg
Location of Starnberg within Starnberg district
AmmerseeLake StarnbergBad Tölz-WolfratshausenFürstenfeldbruck (district)Landsberg (district)Munich (district)Weilheim-SchongauMunichAndechsBergFeldafingGautingGilchingHerrsching am AmmerseeInning am AmmerseeKraillingPöckingSeefeldStarnbergTutzingWeßlingWörthsee
Starnberg is located in Germany
Starnberg is located in Bavaria
Coordinates: 47°59′50″N 11°20′26″E / 47.99722°N 11.34056°E / 47.99722; 11.34056
Admin. regionOberbayern
 • Mayor (2020–26) Patrick Janik[1]
 • Total61.77 km2 (23.85 sq mi)
588 m (1,929 ft)
 • Total23,741
 • Density380/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes08151
Vehicle registrationSTA

Starnberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany, some 30 kilometres (19 mi) southwest of Munich. It is at the north end of Lake Starnberg, in the heart of the "Five Lakes Country",[3] and serves as capital of the district of Starnberg. Recording a disposable per-capita income of €26,120 in 2007, Starnberg regained its status as the wealthiest town in Germany.

Residential area in Starnberg


The town was first mentioned in 1226 under the name of Aheim am Würmsee. Würmsee (Lake Würm, after the river of the same name) was the official name of Lake Starnberg until 1962.

The founding of Starnberg Castle is attributed to the Counts of Andechs and dates back to the 11th century. As a defensive structure, the castle is probably older due to its strategic location. Starnberg Castle was first mentioned in documents in 1244. After the death of the last Andechser (1248), the Wittelsbach family, dukes of Bavaria, took over the castle.[4] The dukes then integrated the Starnberg area into their administrative and judicial system. From around 1346 it was the seat of its own court.

In 1541, under Duke Wilhelm IV, the medieval castle was demolished and a residential and defensive building was redesigned in the Renaissance style. Under Duke Albert V, the conversion into a pleasure palace and summer residence began. In 1643 the Swedes stormed the castle during the Thirty Years War and partially destroyed it. Under Elector Ferdinand Maria, the castle was an important summer residence, and from 1663 the magnificent ship Bucentaur, based on the Venetian model of the Doges of Venice, floated on Lake Starnberg.

In 1734, a large part of the now baroque palace was destroyed by fire, and the remaining buildings slowly fell into disrepair. From 1803 the castle was used as an office building for the regional court, the rent office and the forestry office. From 1969 to 1972 the castle was completely gutted and rebuilt, ever since used as a tax office.[5]

At the beginning of the 19th century, wealthy families discovered the beauty of the landscape around Lake Starnberg and had the first villas built on the lakeshore as summer residences. Steam shipping was the real impetus for the village's rapid development in the second half of the 19th century. A railway line has connected Starnberg with Munich since 1854. The opportunity to work in the city and live by the lake led to a real construction boom in the coming years. The city villas and country houses that professors, lawyers, artists and merchants now had built were no longer just intended to serve as summer homes, they were the main residence of the families.

After 1871, the steamer “Maximilian” carried a million passengers in three years. In 1872 the steamship “Ludwig” was put into operation. He was followed by the steamers “Bavaria” (1878), “Wittelsbach” (1886) and Luitpold (1890). The inns that had been built to cater for the excursionists were soon no longer sufficient, as more and more guests not only wanted to go on a country trip, but also wanted to spend their vacation in Starnberg. Entertainment was provided by sailing regattas, promenade concerts and, above all, a luxuriously equipped bathing establishment. By the turn of the century, in addition to guesthouses, large, elegant hotels had been built, which gave the place the flair of a seaside resort due to their appearance and the high-ranking public who stayed there. In 1890, sewerage began and in 1897 the community's first power station went into operation - attracting more people willing to build, whose villas and parks on the surrounding hills completely changed the landscape. In 1900, the once 65 properties had become 384 in which 4,531 people lived.

Since an actual city center was never able to develop due to the short and intensive history of development from a small village to a city (1912), the demolition of many old buildings that became necessary and the construction of modern buildings changed the face of Starnberg particularly lastingly. The district town of Starnberg has developed from a tourist resort into a diversified business location and the cultural center of the surrounding Five Lakes Region. The core city (excluding the incorporated parts of the community) has now reached a population of just over 11,000.

Incorporated districts[edit]

The wooden jetty for steam ships at Starnberg, with a view over the lake to the Wetterstein Mountains

Districts (Ortsteile) are listed with their year of incorporation and area. [6][7]

  • Hadorf (1978, 6.93 km2)
  • Hanfeld with Mamhofen (1972, 5.58 km2)
  • Leutstetten with Einbettl , Mühlthal , Oberdill , Petersbrunn and Schwaige (1978, 7.68 km2)
  • Percha with Buchhof , Heimathshausen and Selcha (1978, 6 , 07 km2)
  • Perchting with Landstetten , Jägersbrunn and Sonnau (1978, 11.36 km2)
  • Rieden (1803, 1.83 km2)
  • Söcking (1978, 8.17 km2)
  • Wangen with Fercha, Schorn, Unterschorn and Wildmoos (1978, 7.49 km2)


The municipality has two railway stations, Starnberg and Starnberg Nord. Both are served by the Munich S-Bahn line S6, which provides frequent trains to and from Munich. In addition, Starnberg is a principal stop for the vessels of the Bayerische Seenschifffahrt or lake fleet.[8]

Main sights[edit]

Starnberg Castle and its garden with St. Joseph's Church

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, 15 July 2021.
  2. ^ Genesis Online-Datenbank des Bayerischen Landesamtes für Statistik Tabelle 12411-003r Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes: Gemeinden, Stichtag (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011).
  3. ^ German: Fünf Seen Land: the lakes are the Starnberger See, the Ammersee, the Wörthsee, the Pilsensee and the Wesslinger See
  4. ^ Local history book for the city of Starnberg, publisher: City of Starnberg, January 1972
  5. ^ Website: Burgenwelt
  6. ^ Rustikal- und Dominikal Steuerkataster 1809/12, Staatsarchiv München.
  7. ^ Handbuch der bayerischen Ämter, Gemeinden und Gerichte 1799–1980. C. H. Beck, München 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7, p. 576.
  8. ^ "Bayerische Seenschifffahrt" (in German and English). Bayerische Seenschifffahrt. Retrieved 2011-07-11.

External links[edit]