Starry toado

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Starry toado
Arothron firmamentum (Starry toado).gif
Drawing by Dr Tony Ayling
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Tetraodontiformes
Family: Tetraodontidae
Genus: Arothron
Species: A. firmamentum
Binomial name
Arothron firmamentum
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1850)
Tetraodon gillbanksii (now known as A. firmamentum) by Frank Edward Clarke

The starry toado (Arothron firmamentum) is a pufferfish of the family Tetraodontidae, found in subtropical oceans worldwide, at depths between 10 and 360 m. Its length is up to 40 cm.


  1. ^ Shao, K.; Liu, M.; Jing, L.; Hardy, G.; Leis, J.L.; Matsuura, K. (2014). "Arothron firmamentum". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2014: e.T193822A2283115. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T193822A2283115.en. Retrieved 24 January 2018. 
  • Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Arothron firmamentum" in FishBase. May 2006 version.
  • Tony Ayling & Geoffrey Cox, Collins Guide to the Sea Fishes of New Zealand, (William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1982) ISBN 0-00-216987-8