Starshina (Russian: Старшина) might be in Slavonic armed forces, the designation of a military rank, comparable to OR-8 in NATO, or a military appointment, comparable to company sergeant major in the Army. The equivalent in the modern days Russian Navy is Glavnyj starshina of the ship, OR-8 as well.
in the Russian Army
|Rank insignia||Armed Forces of the Russian Federation|
|Introduction||1942 to the Red Army|
|Rank group||Non-commissioned officers|
|Army / Air Force||Starshina|
|Navy||Glavnyj starshina of the ship|
Starshina (Russian: старшина́, Ukrainian: старши́на, from старший, starshyi, "senior"), initially was a Cossacks officership, but in Soviet time it was, and in the Russian Federation it is used as the Company sergeant major at the one hand and the top non-commissioned officer at the other hand.
Among Cossacks and in Ukraine, starshyna was a collective noun for categories of officership or a military elite: junior starshyna (Молодша старшина), general starshyna (Генеральна старшина), military starshyna (Військова старшина), substarshyna (Підстаршина). Polkovnyk or 'colonel' was the next higher rank. Later sometime after the Khmelnytsky's Uprising it also was associated with the Ukrainian nobility which derived out of the officership and dictated whom to be the Hetman in XVII. The some members of starshina became disloyal not only to the Hetman and the Tsar, but also to their own people. Such disposition greatly contributed to the numerous conflicts and uprisings in Ukraine at that time. Coincidentally during this period the territory of Ukraine changes its borders regularly among Moscow, Ottoman Empire, and Poland.
In Tsardom of Russia and later Imperial Russia of 17-20th centuries a volostnoy starshina was a chief of a volost (a rural administrative unit). He was in charge of the distribution of taxes, resolving conflicts within obshchina, distribution of the usage of community lands, assigning people for military service, etc.
In the Soviet Army, a starshina was the highest non-commissioned officer among conscripts; this was changed by reintroduction of the higher-ranking praporshchik in 1972. In the Soviet Navy, it was introduced in 1942 as a petty officer rank; every enlisted seaman ranking above Matrose, 1st class is a starshina of various ranks.
In the army of the Russian Federation there are four ranks in the NCO´s career group, which means:
|USSR||from 1935||Mladshy kom'vsvoda||Mladshy leytenant
|c 1940||Starshy sershant
Red Army (RA), Soviet Army (SA), and Russian Federation Armed Forces (RFAF) starshina rank insignia
Ground Forces, SMT, SF, Airborne troops,
Air Forces, Air Defence, Marines, etc.
- Ranks and rank insignia of the Red Army 1918–1935, ... 1935–1940 and ... 1940–1943
- Ranks and rank insignia of the Soviet Army 1943–1955 and Ranks and rank insignia of the Soviet Army 1955–1991,
- Ranks and rank insignia of the Russian Federation´s armed forces 1994–2010
Rank designation in other countries
In the countries below, spelling is similar and the classification to a separate rank group is equivalent.
- The NATO abbreviation "OR" stands for "other ranks"