Starston Windpump

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Starston Wind Pump
Windmill
Hollow post windpump in Starston.jpg
Country England
State Norfolk
Region East of England
District South Norfolk
Municipality Starston
Location 330 yards south west of the Church of St Margaret, Pulham Road, Starston
 - coordinates 52°24′45″N 1°17′12″E / 52.412383°N 1.286668°E / 52.412383; 1.286668Coordinates: 52°24′45″N 1°17′12″E / 52.412383°N 1.286668°E / 52.412383; 1.286668
Material Cast iron and timber
construction with a brick base
Founded 1850
Owner Privately owned
Visitation Open to the Public
Starston Windpump is located in Norfolk
Starston Windpump
Starston Windpump within Norfolk
Map Ref: grid reference TM2384

Starston Wind Pump is a hollow post mill for pumping water, situated west of the village of Starston in the English county of Norfolk.[1] The Pump is 330 yards away from the parish church of Saint Margaret in Mill Field. The windpump is a Grade II listed building[2] and a scheduled ancient monument. After some years on the Heritage at Risk Register[3] because of its poor condition, it was restored in 2010.

History[edit]

This unusual windmill pump was built c.1850 by the Suffolk Millwrights Whitmore and Binyon [4] and it was built to pump water from the nearby Beck to fill up massive water tanks, one on top of Starston Place house and one in the nearby farmyard of Home Farm. So efficient were the large canvas and wood sails of this little windmill, that although there was a stationary engine which could work the pumps, it was seldom used. However, with the installation a piped supply of water to the village and district the use of the pump was discontinued. The tank on top of the house provided the main supply of water for this very large house. The Farmyard tank supplied the water for the 200 head of milking cows and fattening bullocks on the farm, and also for the large herd of pigs that were also kept at Home Farm. Another use for this water was to maintain the level of water in the horse pond from an overflow pipe from the main tank.

References[edit]

  1. ^ OS Explorer Map 230” – Diss & Harleston. ISBN 978-0-319-46403-8 .
  2. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (226092)". Images of England. 
  3. ^ Heritage at Risk - Starston Windpump
  4. ^ Wailes, R. A Source Book of Windmills and Water Mills. Ward Lock & Co, 1979