From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Startpage)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Startpage logo.svg
Startpage screenshot 2019.png
Type of site
Search engine
Proxy service
Available inMultilingual
HeadquartersWilhemina van Pruisenweg 104, The Hague, the Netherlands
OwnerStartpage BV
Alexa rankIncrease 1,727 (14 May 2019)[1]
Launched1998; 21 years ago (1998) (as Ixquick)

Startpage is a web search engine which highlights privacy as its distinguishing feature.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] It was previously known as the metasearch engine Ixquick,[9] Startpage being then a variant service. Both sites were merged in 2016.

Ixquick was founded by David Bodnick in 1998 and has been owned by Startpage B.V., based in the Netherlands, since acquiring the internet company in 2000.[10] Ixquick and its sibling project reached their latest record (28-day average) daily direct queries of 5.7 million on 2 February 2015.[11]

The company also provides the stand-alone proxy service, Proxy, which is incorporated into the Startpage search engine, allowing users the option to open all search results via proxy. The company has also developed a privacy protecting email service, called StartMail.[12] This service was released to the public in 2014.[13]


Ixquick's logo
Ixquick website in 2001

Ixquick was created in 1998 by David Bodnick in New York City, a graduate from Brown University.[14] It later received the tagline "Most powerful meta search engine on the web!".[15] Initially it provided metasearch for 14 different web and directory search engines as well as images, news and MP3 engines.[16] Results were sorted after evaluating how relevant each of the search tools found the query.[17] Ixquick was given the highest ratings search engine by Search Engine Watch and ZDNet's SearchIQ.[citation needed]

The site received a facelift in 2000, with a dark-blue theme incorporating the planet Earth, with the tagline "the world's most powerful metasearch engine!".[18] Dutch company Surfboard Holding BV, based in Zeist, purchased Ixquick in 2000. The company changed its name to Startpage BV in 2013.[19]

Ixquick was re-launched on 23 March 2005 with new features including a redesigned metasearch algorithm, an international phone and lowest-price directory.[20]

On 27 June 2006, following criticism of Google Shopping, began to delete private details of its users.[21] IP addresses and other personal information were deleted within 48 hours of a search.[22] Ixquick has stated that it does not share its users' personal information with other search engines or with the provider of its sponsored results.[23][24]

Ixquick was awarded the first European Privacy Seal (EuroPriSe) for its privacy practices on 14 July 2008.[6][7][5] This European Union-sponsored initiative guarantees compliance with EU laws and regulations on data security and privacy through a series of design and technical audits.[25] It was re-certified together with Startpage in 2009, 2011, 2013[26] and 2015.[2]

On 28 January 2009, Ixquick completely ended the recording of user IP addresses.[27][28]

Startpage website in 2011
Former Startpage logo, until 2018

On 7 July 2009, Ixquick launched to offer its service at a URL that is both easier to remember and spell. In contrast to, fetches results from the Google search engine.[29] This is done without saving the users' IP addresses or giving any personal user information to Google's servers.

On 29 March 2016, was officially "merged" with the same company's Startpage search engine[3] (a search engine with the privacy features of Ixquick, but using only Google search results[4]). Users entering are now automatically re-routed to Ixquick had long declared on its sites that it operated in compliance with European Union privacy standards and it retained its original European search engine,,[8] until about April 2018 when it was also redirected to

Prior to the release of Tor Browser version 4.5, was its default search engine.[30]

Search mechanism and interface[edit]

While Ixquick aggregated results from multiple search engines, Startpage exclusively uses results from Google, which the company pays Google for.[31] Startpage can search in 17 languages: Simplified and Traditional Chinese, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish and Turkish.


  1. ^ " Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b press release, "EuroPriSe: Privacy-friendly Internet search with Ixquick and Startpage reaffirmed", 20 July 2015, Surfboard Holding B.V., Bonn, Germany, on website, retrieved 5 April 2016.
  3. ^ a b "We've streamlined the fight against Big Brother!". 30 March 2016. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  4. ^ a b press release, "StartPage and Ixquick Join Forces in the Fight Against Big Brother", 30 March 2016, Surfboard Holding B.V., Zeist, The Netherlands, on website, retrieved 5 April 2016.
  5. ^ a b "First European Privacy Seal Awarded" (Press release). Ixquick. 14 July 2008.
  6. ^ a b EuroPriSe press release, "First European Privacy Seal Awarded", July 14, 2008, EuroPriSe consortium, via Business Wire / Google, Kiel, Germany, retrieved April 5, 2016.
  7. ^ a b news article, "EU Awards First Privacy Seal to Online Search Engine", July 14, 2008, EPIC - Electronic Privacy Information Center / Privacy International, Washington, D.C., retrieved April 5, 2016.
  8. ^ a b, "Free Search Engines: What You're Looking For?", 19 January 2015, retrieved April 5, 2016.
  9. ^ "Ixquick Search".
  10. ^ "New Ixquick International Search Engine Unveiled" March 23, 2005.
  11. ^ "Ixquick/StartPage Direct queries per day (28 Day Average)". Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  12. ^ "When is your StartMail private email service going to be released? - Startpage Support". 2013-07-23. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
  13. ^ "StartMail Launches "Email Encryption Made Easy" at pii2014 Conference". Startpage. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  14. ^ " Q & A With David Bodnick & Alex van Eesteren". Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  15. ^ "Ixquick Metasearch". 28 November 1999. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  16. ^ Bradley, Phil (22 January 2019). "Search Engines: 'Ixquick', a Multi-Search Engine With a Difference". Ariadne (23). Retrieved 22 January 2019 – via
  17. ^ "Computer Shopper (November 2000)". 1 November 2000. Retrieved 22 January 2019 – via Internet Archive.
  18. ^ "Ixquick Metasearch". 28 June 2003. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  19. ^ "Startpage". Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  20. ^ " Q & A With David Bodnick & Alex van Eesteren". 23 March 2005.
  21. ^ " Eliminates 'Big Brother'". 27 June 2006.
  22. ^ " Privacy Q&A"
  23. ^ Greenberg, Andy (February 15, 2008). "The Privacy Paradox". Retrieved 2009-09-12.
  24. ^ "Ixquick: Privacy Policy"
  25. ^ "About Europrise. Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine"
  26. ^ "Register of Awarded Seals". EuroPrise. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  27. ^ Albrecht, Katherine (28 January 2009). "Privacy-friendly search engine completely stops recording IP addresses". Ixquick press release. Retrieved 2010-06-21.
  28. ^ Rodriguez, Sarah (1 May 2009). "Search engines besides Google? Who knew?". Special to Wisconsin Law Journal. Wisconsin Law Journal. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
  29. ^ "What is the difference between StartPage and Ixquick? - StartPage Support Center". Archived from the original on 8 February 2016. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
  30. ^ "Tor Browser 4.5 is released". Retrieved 2015-09-16.
  31. ^ Startpage B.V. "StartPage". Archived from the original on 31 January 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019. You can’t beat Google when it comes to online search. So we’re paying them to use their brilliant search results in order to remove all trackers and logs. The result: The world’s best and most private search engine. Only now you can search without ads following you around, recommending products you’ve already bought. And no more data mining by companies with dubious intentions. We want you to dance like nobody’s watching and search like nobody’s watching.

External links[edit]