Staryi Sambir

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Staryi Sambir
Старий Самбір
Main square
Main square
Flag of Staryi Sambir
Coat of arms of Staryi Sambir
Coat of arms
Country  Ukraine
Province  Lviv Oblast
District Starosambirskyi Raion
First mentioned 1378
Population (2013)
 • Total 6,446
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Staryi Sambir is located in Lviv Oblast
Staryi Sambir
Location in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

Staryi Sambir (Ukrainian: Старий Самбір, Polish: Stary Sambor, Staremiasto, Stare Miasto) is a city in Lviv Oblast of western Ukraine, close to the border with Poland. It is the administrative center of Staryi Sambir Raion (district), and is located at around 49°26′35″N 23°0′12″E / 49.44306°N 23.00333°E / 49.44306; 23.00333Coordinates: 49°26′35″N 23°0′12″E / 49.44306°N 23.00333°E / 49.44306; 23.00333. Population: 6,446 (2013 est.)[1].

The exact date of establishment of the town is not known. Sambir, known in Polish as Sambor, was for the first time mentioned in documents in 1378. At that time, it was a private town of the noble Herburt family, part of Przemysl Land, Ruthenian Voivodeship, Kingdom of Poland. In 1501, a Roman Catholic church was opened here, and in 1553, Sambir received a town charter. In 1668, a town hall was built here, and in the early 18th century, the local church was remodelled. Until 1772 (see Partitions of Poland), Sambir belonged to Przemysl Land, Ruthenian Voivodeship. From 1772 until late 1918, Sambir belonged to Austrian Galicia. In 1880, its population was 3,482, with 1,399 Greek-Catholics, 704 Roman Catholics, and 1,377 Jews.

Following the Polish-Ukrainian War, Sambir was occupied by Poland. According to the 1921 census, the town had a population of 4,314, with 1,534 Jews. In the Second Polish Republic, it was the seat of a county in Lwow Voivodeship (until 1932). After the 1939 invasion of Poland, the town was transferred to the Soviet Union. Its Jewish residents were murdered in the Holocaust, and in the immediate postwar period, most of the ethnic Poles had to leave for the Recovered Territories following Operation Vistula.