From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

State most commonly refers to:

  • State (polity), a centralized political organization that regulates law and society within a territory
    • Sovereign state, a sovereign polity in international law, commonly referred to as a country
    • Nation state, a state where the majority identify with a single nation (with shared culture or ethnic group)
    • Constituent state, a political subdivision of a state
    • Federated state, constituent states part of a federation
  • State of nature, a concept within philosophy that describes the way humans acted before forming societies or civilizations

State may also refer to:

Arts, entertainment, and media[edit]



Groups and labels[edit]



  • "The State", a 2011 song by Porter Robinson from Spitfire



Law and politics[edit]

  • Rechtsstaat, the legal state (constitutional state, state subordinated to law) in the philosophy of law and as a principle of many national constitutions
  • United States Department of State, a division of the executive branch of the United States federal government, dealing with foreign affairs; sometimes referred to as "State", for short, in American political jargon.

Federated states:

Constituent states:

The Estates or the States, a national assembly of the estates of the realm, an early form of legislature that was common throughout feudal Europe:



Science and technology[edit]


  • State (computer science), a unique configuration of information in a program or machine
    • Program state, in computer science, a snapshot of the measure of various conditions in the system
  • State (website), semantic web platform created by London, UK-based Equal Media Ltd
  • State pattern, in computer science, a behavioral design pattern


Physics and chemistry[edit]

  • State, a complete description of a system in classical mechanics
  • Chemical state, the electronic, chemical and physical nature of an element
  • Quantum state, the state of a quantum mechanical system given by a vector in the underlying Hilbert space
  • Stationary state, an eigenvector of a Hamiltonian
  • State of matter, solid, liquid or gaseous phases of matter; describing the organization of matter in a phase
  • Thermodynamic state, a set of physical quantities describing variable properties of a given thermodynamic system



Other uses[edit]

See also[edit]