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State may refer to:

Arts, entertainment, and media[edit]


  • The State (book) by Franz Oppenheimer, outlining the origin and structure of sovereign states and government


Groups and labels[edit]




Law and politics[edit]

  • State (polity), an organized community living under a single political structure and government, sovereign or constituent
  • Constituent state, a type of political subdivision of a nation
  • Rechtsstaat, the legal state (constitutional state, state subordinated to law) in the philosophy of law and as a principle of many national constitutions
  • Sovereign state, a sovereign political entity in international law, commonly referred to as a "country"
  • Nation-state, a state (usually sovereign) in which the great majority identify as a single culture (often defined as an ethnic group)
  • The Estates or the States, a national assembly of the estates of the realm, an early form of legislature that was common throughout feudal Europe
  • United States Department of State, a division of the executive branch of the United States federal government, dealing with foreign affairs; sometimes referred to as "State", for short, in American political jargon.


Science and technology[edit]


  • State (computer science), a unique configuration of information in a program or machine
    • Program state, in computer science, a snapshot of the measure of various conditions in the system
  • State (printmaking), a unique form of a print, caused by a deliberate change to a matrix
  • State (website), semantic web platform created by London, UK-based Equal Media Ltd
  • State pattern, in computer science, a behavioral design pattern


Physics and chemistry[edit]

  • State, a complete description of a system in classical mechanics
  • Chemical state, the electronic, chemical and physical nature of an element
  • Quantum state, the state of a quantum mechanical system given by a vector in the underlying Hilbert space
  • Stationary state, an eigenvector of a Hamiltonian
  • State of matter, solid, liquid or gaseous phases of matter; describing the organization of matter in a phase
  • Thermodynamic state, a set of physical quantities describing variable properties of a given thermodynamic system

Other uses[edit]

See also[edit]