New areas

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New areas
Traditional Chinese 新區
Simplified Chinese 新区
Literal meaning New Area

The new areas or new districts of the People's Republic of China are new urban districts that are given special economic and development supported by the central government or regional government. New areas are divided into two varieties: administrative or management and further divided into levels: state-level, provincial-level, and prefectural-level.

State-level new areas[edit]

State-level new areas
Traditional Chinese 國家級新區
Simplified Chinese 国家级新区
Literal meaning national-level new area
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 國家級開放開發新區
Simplified Chinese 国家级开放开发新区
Literal meaning national-level open development new area

The State-level new areas of the People's Republic of China are special economic-development zones supported by the central government. The zones are parts of cities at various levels in the formal hierarchy but are known as "national-level" or "state-level" in reference to the preferential policies and privileges they are granted directly by the State Council. These privileges are to encourage and attract new developments (particularly foreign direct investment) to speed up the city's economy.[1]

Division Hanzi (S) & Pinyin Designated Area
(km²)
Jurisdiction
Pudong New Area
(administrative)
浦东新区; Pǔdōng Xīnqū 11 October 1992[2] 1,210 Shanghai (Pudong)
Binhai New Area
(administrative)
滨海新区; Bīnhǎi Xīnqū 9 November 2009[3] 2,270 Tianjin (Binhai)
Liangjiang New Area 两江新区; Liǎngjiāng Xīnqū 18 June 2010[4] 1,205 Chongqing
parts of Jiangbei, Yubei, & Beibei
Zhoushan Archipelago New Area 舟山群岛新区; Zhōushān Qúndǎo Xīnqū 8 July 2011[5] 1,440 Zhoushan (Dinghai, Putuo, Daishan, & Shengsi)
Lanzhou New Area 兰州新区; Lánzhōu Xīnqū 20 August 2012[6] 806 Lanzhou
parts of Yongdeng & Gaolan
Nansha New Area 南沙新区; Nánshā Xīnqū 19 September 2012[7] 527 Guangzhou (Nansha)
Xixian New Area 西咸新区; Xīxián Xīnqū 6 January 2014[8] 882 Xi'an & Xianyang
parts of Hu, Chang'an, Weiyang, Qindu, Weicheng, Xingping, & Jingyang
Guian New Area 贵安新区; Guìān Xīnqū 6 January 2014[9] 1,795 Guiyang & Anshun
parts of Huaxi, Qingzhen, Pingba, & Xixiu
Xihaian New Area 西海岸新区; Xīhǎiàn Xīnqū 3 June 2014[10] 2,096 Qingdao (Huangdao)
Jinpu New Area 金普新区; Jīnpǔ Xīnqū 23 June 2014[11] 2,299 Dalian
parts of Jinzhou & Pulandian
Tianfu New Area 天府新区; Tiānfǔ Xīnqū 2 October 2014[12] 1,578 Chengdu & Meishan
parts of Wuhou, Shuangliu, Longquanyi, Jianyang, Xinjin, Pengshan, & Renshou
Xiangjiang New Area 湘江新区; Xiāngjiāng Xīnqū 8 April 2015[13] 490 Changsha
parts of Yuelu, Wangcheng, & Ningxiang
Jiangbei New Area 江北新区; Jiāngběi Xīnqū 2 July 2015[14] 806 Nanjing
parts of Pukou, Luhe, & Qixia
Fuzhou New Area 福州新区; Fúzhōu Xīnqū 30 August 2015[15] 800 Fuzhou
parts of Mawei, Cangshan, Changle, & Fuqing
Dianzhong New Area 滇中新区; Diānzhōng Xīnqū 7 September 2015[16] 482 Kunming, Qujing, Chuxiong, & Yuxi
parts of Anning, Songming, Xundian, Lufeng, Malong, & Yimen
Harbin New Area 哈尔滨新区; Hāěrbīn Xīnqū 22 December 2015[17] 493 Harbin
parts of Songbei, Hulan, & Pingfang
Changchun New Area 长春新区; Chángchūn Xīnqū 2 February 2016[18] 499 Changchun
parts of Chaoyang, Kuancheng, Erdao, & Jiutai
Ganjiang New Area 赣江新区; Gànjiāng Xīnqū 14 June 2016[19] 465 Nanchang & Jiujiang
parts of Qingshanhu, Xinjian, Gongqingcheng, & Yongxiu

Provincial-level and prefectural-level new areas[edit]

Provincial-level and prefectural-level new areas are not governed by the central government rather by the provincial or prefectural government.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liu, Qiang. "副省级新区建设风起:行政区划调整或将解冻?". 21世纪经济报道. 凤凰网. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  2. ^ 国函〔1992〕145号 "中华人民共和国行政区划(1992年)". 全国行政区划信息查询平台. Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  3. ^ 国函〔2009〕125号 "中华人民共和国二〇〇九年县级以上行政区划变更情况". 全国行政区划信息查询平台. Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  4. ^ 国函〔2010〕36号 "Brief Introduction to Liangjiang New Area", Liangjiang New Area, Liangjiang New Area Government, retrieved 20 August 2015 
  5. ^ 国函〔2011〕77号 Wang, Shen. "China approves Zhoushan Archipelago New Area to promote oceanic economy". Xinhua. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  6. ^ 国函〔2012〕104号
  7. ^ 国函〔2012〕128号 China Daily Nansha New Area launched Updated: 2012-09-13 14:56 "China has mapped out a new State-level development zone in South China's Guangdong province, the Shanghai Securities News reported on Wednesday. As the country's sixth State-level New Area, the Nansha New Area is expected to get national support from a series of preferential policies and innovation reforms on tax policy, land management, financial innovation and industrial development. The other zones are in Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing, as well as Zhejiang and Gansu provinces."
  8. ^ 国函〔2014〕2号
  9. ^ 国函〔2014〕3号
  10. ^ 国函〔2014〕71号
  11. ^ 国函〔2014〕76号
  12. ^ 国函〔2014〕133号
  13. ^ 国函〔2015〕66号
  14. ^ 国函〔2015〕103号
  15. ^ 国函〔2015〕137号
  16. ^ 国函〔2015〕141号
  17. ^ 国函〔2015〕217号
  18. ^ 国函〔2016〕31号
  19. ^ 国函〔2016〕96号