State-sponsored Internet propaganda

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State-sponsored internet sockpuppetry is a government's use of paid internet propagandists with the intention of swaying online opinion, undermining dissident communities, or changing the perception of what is the dominant view (often via astroturfing).[citation needed][neologism?]

The following is a list of the known or alleged examples of state-sponsored Internet propaganda:


1. Ruling party People's Action Party have been officially reported to organized team to work anonymously to counter criticism of party and government in cyberspace. Consisting of two team, led by MP elected of People's Action Party, where one team strategises the campaign the other team executes the strategies [1]
2. There are also pro-party individuals known as 'Internet Brigade'[2] who claim to be not affiliated with the party nor officially endorsed by party, who setup elaborate social media and web page to 'defend' the ruling party of online chatters and to criticize social-political websites critical of the government and members of opposition parties. They have information about their party's endorsed candidate personal details and events not publicity known and MP elected as their members, Often they have anonymous members, sometimes with fake or purchased identity, re-posting on Internet forums and social-media their published articles[3][4]
3. Ministry of Communications and Information under the ruling party, manages an official government website, Factually, which addresses inaccurate assertions and to report facts, not opinions related to the ruling party government. [5][6]
4. Infocommunications Media Development Authority (IMDA) from one of the core mission statement "To foster a cohesive and inclusive society through quality content with wide reach and impact while promoting nation-building" are responsible for ruling party government outreach with paid advertisement, engaging advertising agency to promote on video sharing website and social media. [7][8]

Europe, the Middle East and Africa[edit]

1. Web brigades first alleged in April 2003
2. "Trolls from Olgino", first alleged in late 2014.
  •  Ukraine: iArmy, a volunteer operation established in February 2015 by Ukraine’s Ministry of Information Policy[9] [10]
  •  Turkey: 6.000 paid social media commentators known as "AK Trolls" mainly spreading pro-Erdogan propaganda and attack those opposing Erdogan.[11]


1. Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications, founded in 2010.[13]
2. Operation Earnest Voice, officially started in 2011.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]