State Anthem of Turkmenistan
|English: National Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan|
National anthem of Turkmenistan
|Adopted||27 September 1996(original version)|
|Readopted||2008 (current version)|
|Preceded by||"Döwlet Gimni"|
"National Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan" (instrumental)
The "State Anthem of Turkmenistan", also known as the "National Anthem of Independent Neutral Turkmenistan" (Turkmen: Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni), was adopted as the national anthem of Turkmenistan in 1996, then again with modified lyrics in 2008.[a] The music was composed by Turkmenistani composer Veli Mukhatov, who also composed the music of the Turkmen SSR's regional anthem.
The lyrics were originally written by the first president of Turkmenistan, Saparmurat Niyazov (also known as Turkmenbashi), who died on 21 December 2006. Less than two years after his death, the reference to Turkmenbashi in the chorus was replaced with "the people", among other minor changes to the lyrics, and the chorus was removed from the start of the piece. The text of the anthem is given here in its present form, followed by the original text from the Niyazov period. The national anthem is played at the start of radio and television broadcasts at 6:55 a.m. local time and played again when radio and television stations sign off.
Until 1996, Turkmenistan, which received independence a few years earlier, used the Turkmen SSR anthem without words as the state anthem. The new anthem was adopted on 27 September 1996 by the People's Council of Turkmenistan in Bayramali. The anthem, known by the first sentence of the chorus "The great creation of Turkmenbashi", was used from 1997 to 2008, when it was given minor changes.
On 18 May 2017, the Day of Poetry Makhtumkuli Fraghi and the Constitution Day were celebrated in Turkmenistan. According to the established tradition, celebrations in honour of the significant date began at the Monument to the Constitution. The presidential car arrived at the festively decorated square in front of the Monument. After welcoming the ceremony participants, the head of state walked along the carpet to a designated place on the square in front of the Monument to the Constitution. On that day, the Turkmen national anthem was played.
- The title is sometimes also ambiguously translated as "Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan State Anthem", a literal translation from the title in Turkmen. Since the Cyrillic script is still widely used for Turkmen, it is rendered in Cyrillic as: Гарашсыз, Битарап Түркменистаның Дөвлет Гимни. The title in the Arabic script is written as: قاراشسؽز، بيتاراپ تۆرکمنيستانؽنگ دولت گيمنى. The title is pronounced: [ɢɑɾɑʃˈθɯð | bit̪ɑˈɾɑp t̪yɾcmeniθt̪ɑˈnɯɴ d̪øβˈlet̪ ɟimˈni]
- Turkmenistan to the Heights of the Golden Age, Ashgabat, 2005.
- Nee, Patrick W. (2014-04-04). Key Facts on Turkmenistan: Essential Information on Turkmenistan. The Internationalist. p. 15.
- "Absolute leader's name dropped from anthem". Dec 16, 2008. Retrieved Jul 7, 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
- "Asgabat tv turkmenistan anthem and closedown HD". Sep 7, 2015. Retrieved Jul 7, 2019 – via YouTube.
- "ПРЕЗИДЕНТ ТУРКМЕНИСТАНА ВОЗЛОЖИЛ ЦВЕТЫ К МОНУМЕНТУ КОНСТИТУЦИИ И ПАМЯТНИКУ МАХТУМКУЛИ ФРАГИ". mfa.gov.tm. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
- "Общая информация о Туркменистане". OrexCA.com. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
- "Гимн Туркменистана — Гимны всего мира со словами, текст, перевод". Retrieved Jul 7, 2019.
- "Turkmenistan National Anthem". Flagdom. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
- "National Day of Turkmenistan | National Day". www.national-day.com. Retrieved Jul 7, 2019.
- "Döwlet gimni". science.gov.tm. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
- Türkmenbasy, Saparmyrat (2004-08-26). "Ruhnama" (PDF). inteltrends.files.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
- "Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet: The National Anthem of Turkmenistan". Helo National. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
- Turkmenistan: Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni - Audio of the national anthem of Turkmenistan, with information and lyrics
- Instrumental version of "Independent, Neutral, Turkmenistan State Anthem" in RealAudio
- Ruhnama - Songs and Video Clips - This website dedicated to the Ruhnama features a page with a vocal version of the National Anthem, as well as other songs and video clips.