State Counsellor of Myanmar

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State Counsellor of Myanmar
မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်၏ အတိုင်ပင်ခံပုဂ္ဂိုလ်
State seal of Myanmar.svg
Incumbent
Vacant

since 1 February 2021
StyleHis/Her Excellency
(formal)
State Counsellor
(informal)
ResidenceNaypyidaw
NominatorAssembly of the Union
AppointerPresident of Myanmar
Term lengthEquivalent to incumbent President (5 years, renewable once)
Inaugural holderAung San Suu Kyi
Formation6 April 2016
Websitewww.statecounsellor.gov.mm

The state counsellor of Myanmar (Burmese: နိုင်ငံတော်၏ အတိုင်ပင်ခံပုဂ္ဂိုလ်) was the title of the de facto head of government of Myanmar, equivalent to a prime minister.[1] The office is currently vacant following the arrest of the first and only state counsellor, Aung San Suu Kyi, in the 2021 Myanmar coup d'état.

Background[edit]

The post was created on 6 April 2016 to allow for a greater role for Aung San Suu Kyi within the Government of Myanmar. Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy won a landslide victory in the 2015 Myanmar general election; however she is constitutionally barred from becoming President of Myanmar as her late husband Michael Aris was British and her two children also hold British nationality.[2]

The bill to create the post was passed by the upper house of the Assembly of the Union on 1 April 2016 and by the lower house on 5 April 2016, and signed by President Htin Kyaw on 6 April 2016.[2][3] The law explicitly references Aung San Suu Kyi, and references several priorities, including cultivation of a multi-party democratic system, proper implementation of a market economy system, establishment of a federal union, and establishment of domestic peace and development.[4][5]

Roles and responsibilities[edit]

The post of is similar to that of a prime minister in that it allows the holder to work across all areas of government[6] and to act as a link[further explanation needed] between the executive and legislative branches. The State Counsellor has a term of five years, the same term as that of the President.[7]

List of state counsellors[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet President Assembly
Term start Term end Term in office
1 Aung San Suu Kyi (December 2011).jpg Aung San Suu Kyi
(1945–)
6 April 2016 1 February 2021 4 years, 301 days National League for Democracy II NLDMil. Htin Kyaw, Win Myint 2 (2015)
Prior to being removed from office in a coup d'état on 1 February 2021, Aung San Suu Kyi concurrently served as the Minister for Foreign Affairs and for the Office of the President as well as leader of the majority party, the National League for Democracy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aung San Suu Kyi: The democracy icon who fell from grace". BBC. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2019. [...]Ms Suu Kyi is widely seen as de facto leader. Her official title is state counsellor. - Note that "Suu Kyi" is a part of her given name, and that she has no family name.
  2. ^ a b "Aung San Suu Kyi to become 'State Counsellor' of Myanmar". ABC News.
  3. ^ "Aung San Suu Kyi becomes Myanmar state counselor: spokesman". Xinhua News. 6 April 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  4. ^ "The Counsellor of the State Law". မြန်မာဥပဒေသတင်းအချက်အလက်စနစ်. 6 April 2016.
  5. ^ "Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 26/2016 - State Counsellor of Myanmar (Burmese)". Myanmar Law Library. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Suu Kyi consolidates power in parliament". www.skynews.com.au. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Myanmar MPs approve Suu Kyi as 'advisor to state'". Anadolu Agency.

External links[edit]