State Emergency Service of Ukraine

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State Emergency Service
Державна служба з надзвичайних ситуацій
DSNS emblem 2016.svg
State Emergency Service Seal
Прапор ДСНС.svg
Flag of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine
Agency overview
Formed1991
Preceding agencies
  • State Committee of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic government in protection of population from the consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe
  • Ministry of Emergencies of Ukraine
    *Ministry of Ukraine in Emergencies and Affairs in Protection of Population from the Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe
Jurisdiction Ukraine
Headquarters55, Honchar St, Kiev [1]
Employees~60,000 in peace time
Minister responsible
Agency executives
  • Mykola Chechotkin, Head
  • Oleh Melchutskyi, First Deputy Head[4]
Parent agencyMinistry of Internal Affairs
WebsiteOfficial website
Headquarters Building, Kiev
The main fire station of Lviv
A State Emergency Service Antonov An-32 firefighting aircraft dumps water on a forest fire
Fire engines and Emergency Service personnel respond to an incident in Kiev, 2010. (Kamaz truck)
An Emergency Service Eurocopter EC145 helicopter landing in Kiev
Emergency service equipment on display in Donetsk, 2011. (Mitsubishi vehicle)

The State Emergency Service[5] (Ukrainian: Державна служба України з надзвичайних ситуацій); until 24 December 2012 the Ministry of Emergencies of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Міністерство надзвичайних ситуацій України), is the main body in the system of central bodies of the executive power that provides realization of a state policy in the sphere of a civil defence, rescue, creation and functioning of the system of insurance fund documentation, utilization of radioactive wastes, protection of population and territory from any emergency situations, preventing such situations and reaction to them, liquidation of their results and the results of the Chernobyl catastrophe. It is abbreviated as МНС [України]. The ministry manages its sphere of operations and is fully responsible for its development. The agency directly administers the zone of alienation which is located just north of Kiev.

The agency's motto is "To prevent. To rescue. To help." (Ukrainian: Запобігти. Врятувати. Допомогти).

Brief overview[edit]

The former ministry was created in 1996 upon the merging the ministry of Ukraine in protection of population from the consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe and the headquarters of the state civil defense which until then were two different establishments. Later in 2003 to the agency was included the Fire Department that was under jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Militsiya).

Until 1991 the ministry of Ukraine in protection of population from the consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe was a state committee of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukrainian SSR, while the state civil defense was part of the bigger All-Union civil defense network in the Soviet Union.

Until 2005 the agency was a military reserve of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, but after the 2003 reform and merger with the Fire Department, all militarized formation were dissolved and in 2005 the agency became officially non-military and focused on rescue services.

Until the administration reform on December 9, 2010 it was called as Ministry of Ukraine in emergencies and affairs in protection of population from the consequences of the Chornobyl catastrophe. After the reform three major bodies of central executive power were directly subordinated to it:

  • State service of mining supervision and industrial safety of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Державна служба гірничого нагляду та промислової безпеки України)
  • State agency of Ukraine in administration of the zone of alienation (Ukrainian: Державне агентство України з управління зоною відчуження)
  • State inspection of techogenic safety of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Державна інспекція техногенної безпеки України)
Other agencies
  • State department of fire-prevention security (see Firefighting)
  • State search and rescue aviation service Ukraviaposhuk
  • State hydro-meteorological service
  • State department of the insurance documentation fund of the Ministry

On 24 December 2012 the Ministry of Emergencies of Ukraine was transformed into State Emergency Service[5] and placed under jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine. On 25 April 2014 the service was transferred to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.[6]

Structure[edit]

Main body[edit]

  • Central Bureau of Emergency Situations

Specialized formations[edit]

  • State militarized mining rescue brigade (Kryvyi Rih)
  • Dnipro militarized mining rescue brigade

Other agencies[edit]

  • Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Center
  • Ukrainian Aviation Meteorological Center
  • Main Aviation Coordination Center of search and rescue
  • "Rescuer"-Inform Information Analytical Center
  • Center of Civil Security 112
  • Mobile Rescue Center (Kiev)
  • Odessa Sanatorium (Odessa)

List of Heads of the State Emergency Service[edit]

Ministry Name Term of Office
Start End
Ministry of Defense Mykhaylo Bolotskykh[5] 24 December 2012[5] 2 March 2014
Ministry of Defense
Ministry of Internal Affairs
Serhiy Bochkovsky 2 March 2014 25 March 2015
Ministry of Internal Affairs Zoryan Shkiryak (acting) 25 March 2015 14 May 2015
Ministry of Internal Affairs Mykola Chechotkin 14 May 2015 incumbent

Former agency executives (prior to 2012 reorganisation)[edit]

List of former chiefs of State Civil Defense[edit]

Prime-Minister(s) Name Term of Office
Start End
Vitold Fokin, Leonid Kuchma, Vitali Masol Mykola Bondarchuk August 24, 1991 October 1993
Vitali Masol, Yevhen Marchuk, Pavlo Lazarenko Lt.Gen. Viktor Grechaninov October 1993 May 1997

List of Ministers of Emergencies[edit]

Prime-Minister(s) Name Term of Office
Start End
Vitold Fokin, Leonid Kuchma, Vitaliy Masol Heorhiy Hotovchyts August 24, 1991 December 31, 1994
Vitaliy Masol, Yevhen Marchuk, Pavlo Lazarenko Volodymyr Holosha December 31, 1994 August 31, 1996
Pavlo Lazarenko, Valeriy Pustovoitenko Valeriy Kalchenko August 31, 1996 February 8, 1999
Valeriy Pustovoitenko, Viktor Yushchenko,
Anatoli Kinakh, Viktor Yanukovych
Vasyl Durdynets February 8, 1999 November 30, 2002
Viktor Yanukovych Hryhoriy Reva November 30, 2002 February 4, 2005
Yulia Tymoshenko, Yuri Yekhanurov David Zhvaniya February 4, 2005 September 27, 2005
Yuri Yekhanurov, Viktor Yanukovych Viktor Baloha September 27, 2005 September 15, 2006
Viktor Yanukovych Nestor Shufrych September 15, 2006 December 18, 2007
Yulia Tymoshenko Volodymyr Shandra December 18, 2007 March 11, 2010
Mykola Azarov Nestor Shufrych March 11, 2010 July 10, 2010
Mykola Azarov Mykhailo Bolotskykh (acting) July 10, 2010 November 12, 2010
Mykola Azarov Viktor Baloha November 12, 2010 20 November 2012[7]

Ranks[edit]

Higher commanding staff

General of Emergency Services
Генерал служби цивільного захисту України
Colonel General
Генерал-полковник
Lieutenant General
Генерал-лейтенант
Major General
Генерал-майор
Shoulder mark Sesu 15 2018.jpg Sesu 14 2018.jpg Sesu 13 2018.jpg Sesu 12 2018.jpg

Senior commanding staff

Colonel
Полковник
Lieutenant Colonel
Підполковник
Major
Майор
Shoulder mark Sesu 11 2018.jpg Sesu 10 2018.jpg Sesu 9 2018.jpg

Average commanding staff

Captain
Капітан
First Lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
Second Lieutenant
Молодший лейтенант
Officer cadet
Курсант
Shoulder mark Sesu 8 2018.jpg Sesu 7 2018.jpg Sesu 6 2018.jpg Sesu 5 2018.jpg SESU К 2018.jpg

Junior commanding staff

Chief master sergeant
Головний майстер-сержант
Master sergeant
Майстер-сержант
Sergeant
Сержант
Private
Рядовий
Shoulder mark Sesu 4 2018.jpg Sesu 3 2018.jpg SESU 2 2018.jpg SESU 1 2018.jpg

Medals[edit]

State Emergency Service Aviation[edit]

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The Special Aviation Unit and Operational Rescue Service of the State Emergency Service (Специального авиационного отряда Оперативно-спасательной службы гражданской защиты) is based in the city of Nizhyn.

The Special Aviation Unit can work independently or in cooperation with other units of the State Emergency Service to fulfill the task of protection of population and territory, material and cultural values and the environment during emergencies, special works in difficult conditions.

Aircraft Origin Type In service Notes
Fixed Wing Aircraft
An-32P Ukraine Aerial Firefighting 4
An-26 Ukraine Transport Aircraft 3
An-30 Ukraine Aerial Surveillance and Aerial Photography 2
Helicopters
Mi-8 Ukraine Multipurpose Helicopter 14
Eurocopter EC145 France Medevac Helicopter

As of September 2018 it was planned that three H225 helicopters will be serving the State Emergency Service Aviation.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official website". Mar 2017.
  2. ^ Ukraine arrests two top officials at cabinet meeting, BBC News (25 March 2015)
  3. ^ Interior minister's advisor Shkiriak appointed as acting head of Emergency Service – MP Heraschenko, Interfax-Ukraine (25.03.2015)
  4. ^ "Management - SES of Ukraine". Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  5. ^ a b c d Yanukovych appoints new Cabinet of Ministers, Kyiv Post (24 December 2012)
  6. ^ "ДСНС перейшла в підпорядкування МВС DSNS has become subordinated to MIA" (in Ukrainian). Gazeta Lviv. 2014-04-25.
  7. ^ Baloha resigns as emergencies minister, Kyiv Post (2 November 2012)
  8. ^ Read more on UNIAN: https://economics.unian.info/10277079-ukraine-to-get-four-french-helicopters-for-rescue-operations-by-year-end.html

External links[edit]