State Grid Corporation of China

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State Grid Corporation of China
  • SGCC
  • State Grid
Native name
国家电网公司
State-owned enterprise
IndustryElectric utility
Founded2002; 18 years ago (2002)
Headquarters,
Area served
China
Philippines (through National Grid Corporation of the Philippines)
Australia
Brazil
Italy
Portugal
Greece
Key people
Shu Yinbiao (Chairman)
ProductsElectrical grid, Electric power transmission
ServicesNuclear power transmission
RevenueIncrease US$ 363.125 billion (2017)[1]
78,697,281,872 renminbi[2] (2018) Edit this on Wikidata
Increase US$ 10.201 billion (2015)[3]
Total assetsUS$ 585.278 billion (2017)[3]
Total equityUS$ 207.345 billion (2015)[3]
Number of employees
913,546 (2017)[3]
ParentSASAC
Websitewww.sgcc.com.cn/ywlm/index.shtml

The State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC; Chinese: 国家电网公司; pinyin: Guójiā Diànwǎng Gōngsī), commonly known as the State Grid, is the state-owned electric utility monopoly of China.[3] It is the largest utility company in the world, and as of 2019, the world's fifth largest company overall by revenue. In 2016/17 it was reported as having 927,839 employees, 1.1 billion customers and revenue equivalent to US$363.125 billion.[3][4]

After the electricity "Plant-Grid Separation" reform in early 2002, the assets of State Electric Power Corporation (国家电力公司) were divided into the five "power generation groups" that retained the power plants and five regional subsidiaries belonging to the State Grid Corporation of China in Beijing.[4]

History[edit]

China began an initiative to reform the country's power sector in a three-stage process in 1986.[5] In the third and final stage in March 2002 the State Council of the People's Republic of China put into effect a plan to restructure the country's electric power system in order to create competition and separate generation and transmission functions.[6] The State Grid Corporation of China was founded on December 29, 2002, when the restructuring divided the former State Power Corporation of China into two grid companies, five generation groups and four accessorial business companies.[7] The two grid companies created were the State Grid Corporation of China and a smaller China Southern Power Grid Company.[8] At its creation, the company had a generation capacity of 6.47 gigawatts.[6]

In 2003 and progressively so through the early 2000s, electrical shortages caused the government to institute rolling blackouts. The State Grid Corporation estimated there were 1 trillion yuan in losses from 2002 to 2005.[6] The State Grid Corporation of China ran the first 1,000-kilovolt alternating current power line between Northern Shanxi and center Hubei in January 2009. In 2012 it began operation of an 800-kilovolt direct current line that sends hydropower from western Sichuan to Shanghai. It also has an alternating current loop line in the Yangtze River delta, and three longitudinal alternating current lines that bring power to Southern China from the Northern region.[9]

The State Grid Corporation was involved in a multi-phase smart-grid project for China's electrical grid planned for 2011–2015.[10] China's smart grid efforts are different from those in the United States in that its plans heavily use ultra high voltage (UHV) lines. Several UHV construction projects began in 2012 to bring UHV power lines across Huainan, Wannan, and Shanghai and another from Xilingol League to Nanjing. By 2015, the company planned to have three more horizontal UHV lines through West Inner Mongolia to Weifang, from Central ShanxiXuzhou to Yaan–southern Anhui and 11 other lines by 2015.[9]

In 2012 the company invested in CDP Reti.

Controversy[edit]

On October 29, 2014, The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection declared that the general manager of State Grid Shanghai Municipal Electric Power, Feng Jun, was detained in an anti-graft operation overseen by the commission.[11] In 2017, his assets (worth 53 million yuan) were seized, and he was sentenced to life in prison.[12]

Overseas investments[edit]

On December 12, 2007, two consortia bid for a 25-year license to run the Philippines power grid—privatization of the management of the National Transmission Corporation (TransCo), the consortium of Monte Oro Grid Resources Corp., led by businessman Enrique Razon, comprising the State Grid Corporation of China, and Calaca High Power Corp., won an auction conducted by the Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management (PSALM) Corp. as it submitted the highest offer of $3.95 billion, for the right to operate TransCo for 25 years, outbidding San Miguel Energy, a unit of the Filipino San Miguel Corporation (bid of $3.905 billion), Dutch firm TPG Aurora BV, and Malaysia's TNB Prai Sdn Bhd.[13][14][15]

The resulting consortium became the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) which started its operations, management, and maintenance on TransCo's transmission facilities and assets on January 15, 2009 and the franchise will end on December 1, 2058.

In Portugal, State Grid has a 25% stake in REN since the second stage of its privatization (in 2012–2014).[16]

In Australia, State Grid owns a 41% stake in ElectraNet, a 19.9% stake in AusNet Services, and 60% stake in Jemena.[17]

In Brazil, State Grid acquired the control of CPFL Energia S.A. for the equivalent of US$3.4 billion in 2017.[18]

In Chile, State Grid acquired Chilquinta Energía SA, the third-largest distributor of electricity in Chile, and Tecnored SA, which provides construction services to Chilquinta, from U.S. power company Sempra Energy.  The deal was closed on June 24, 2020.[19]

Subsidiaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State Grid's 2017 financial report". Statista. Archived from the original on 18 December 2018. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  2. ^ http://www.sgcc.com.cn/html/files/2019-07/11/20190711173917838628075.pdf.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "State Grid". Fortune Global 500. Archived from the original on 2 May 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b JamesPaton14, James Paton. "China Builds an Empire of Electricity With Australia as Target". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on 2016-08-12. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  5. ^ Gee, Robert; Songbin Zhu; Xiaolin Li, China's power sector: Global economic and environmental implications
  6. ^ a b c The Xinfeng Power Plant Incident and Challenges for China's Electric Power Industry (PDF), IEEJ, February 2007, archived (PDF) from the original on 3 March 2016, retrieved 10 October 2012
  7. ^ Chen Wenying (2006). China's Energy Outlook. Guida Editori. ISBN 978-981-256-748-2. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  8. ^ China's power sector revolution stalled, October 14, 2010, archived from the original on November 28, 2012, retrieved October 10, 2012
  9. ^ a b China grid eyes building 2 new UHV power lines this yr, Reuters, August 13, 2010, archived from the original on June 25, 2013, retrieved 2012-10-10
  10. ^ Bojanczyk, Kamil (October 9, 2012), Reprint: China and the World's Greatest Smart Grid Opportunity, GreenTech Media, archived from the original on September 27, 2012, retrieved 2012-10-10
  11. ^ "State Grid Shanghai chief Feng Jun detained in corruption sweep". 30 October 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-04-03. Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  12. ^ "Electricity executive who took millions in bribes jailed for life". Archived from the original on 2018-07-24. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
  13. ^ Manila Times, RP-China group wins $3.95-B TransCo bid Archived 2007-12-13 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Two groups vie for multi-billion dlr Manila power deal". Reuters. 11 December 2007. Archived from the original on 7 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  15. ^ Abs-Cbn Interactive, Monte Oro consortium wins TransCo bidding
  16. ^ "Shareholder Structure". Archived from the original on 2018-05-15. Retrieved 2018-05-15.
  17. ^ Maiden, Malcolm (17 May 2013). "China's State Grid powers up in Australia". Archived from the original on 2016-09-13. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
  18. ^ "State Grid buys $3.4 BLN in CPFL from minority shareholders". Reuters. 30 November 2017. Archived from the original on 2019-01-19. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  19. ^ "Sempra Energy sells Chilean businesses to SGID for $2.23bn". Power Technology | Energy News and Market Analysis. 2020-06-25. Retrieved 2020-06-26.

External links[edit]