State Security Court
The State Security Court is a judicial institution in Jordan. It deals with cases regarding state security, but also with drug offences and other types of cases. The defendants in the court can be both military personnel as well as civilians.
The Court has faced criticism for lack of independence from the executive, unfair trials, and civilians being defendants in a militarized court.
In September 2011 King Abdullah II of Jordan limited the possibilities of the Court to adjudicate over civilians. There would be only four types of offences over which it was to have jurisdiction: high treason, espionage, terrorism, and drug trafficking. The changes to the law were to take effect in three years. The Parliament of Jordan had voted against proposals to remove all jurisdiction over civilians in the court.
The judges on the State Security Court are both civilians and military personnel. The court can adjudicate in cases against military and civilians.
The jurisdiction of the court lies in both external as internal state security, drug offences and others. The State Security Court's cases are in principle open to the public, unless the court decides otherwise.
The amended Press and Publication Law of March 2010 forbids journalists from being referred to the State Security Court on cases regarding freedom of expression or speech.
Human Rights Watch has criticized the State Security Court's lack of independence from the executive, as the Prime Minister appoints the judges on the court. It furthermore criticized the inclusion of offenses related to peaceful speech. The criticism was made after protests in Jordan in 2012 led to detainees being charged in the court.
The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor of the United States Department of State in its 2010 Human Rights Report on Jordan noted that attorneys only get to meet their clients shortly before the court case starts.
- "Government - The judicial branch". The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Jordan: Drop Charges for 'Undermining Royal Dignity'". Human Rights Watch. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "2010 Human Rights Report: Jordan". Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor - United States Department of State. 8 April 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Jordan: End Protester Trials in State Security Courts". Human Rights Watch. 30 November 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Annual Report 2011 - Jordan". Amnesty International. Retrieved 21 December 2014.