State Transit Authority
Logo of the STA, used until 2010
|Statutory Authority overview|
|Formed||16 January 1989|
|Preceding Statutory Authority|
|Statutory Authority executive||
|Parent Statutory Authority||Transport for New South Wales|
The State Transit Authority, also referred to as State Transit or STA, is an agency of the Government of New South Wales operating bus services in Sydney. The STA reports to the Minister for Transport, Andrew Constance. The current chief executive is Steffen Faurby.
In view of its political sensitivity, the agencies responsible for public transport in New South Wales are frequently restructured. Buses and ferries were the responsibility of the Department of Government Transport until 1972, when it was merged with the New South Wales Government Railways to form the Public Transport Commission.
In July 1980 the Transport Authorities Act 1980 (NSW) separated the functions of the Public Transport Commission with the State Rail Authority taking responsibility for trains, and the Urban Transit Authority responsibility for buses and ferries.
In January 1989 the Urban Transit Authority was restructured as the State Transit Authority taking over the private bus service functions of the Department of Motor Transport. In October 1989, the Chullora Bus Workshops closed with a smaller facility established at Randwick for mechanical repairs with body repairs contracted to the private sector. The remaining four hydrofoils were replaced by three JetCats and the MetroTen ticketing system introduced a few years before was replaced with the Automated Fare Collection System in use today.
In 2004 the STA's Sydney Ferries business was separated into a separate agency, Sydney Ferries Corporation. In January 2005 most of former Harris Park Transport routes were taken over from Hillsbus, which were then given back to Hillsbus in September 2005 with the exception of routes 623, 624, 628 and 629. On 13 October 2013, the Western Sydney Buses was transferred to Transit Systems Sydney.
The State Transit Authority also comprised three former business units.
Sydney Ferries is the public transport authority for ferry services on Port Jackson in Sydney. It was established in 2004 as a government agency, separate of the State Transit Authority. Since July 2012 the provision of services has been contracted out to Harbour City Ferries.
Western Sydney Buses
Formed in 2003, Western Sydney Buses operated route T80, a bus rapid transit service in Western Sydney on the Liverpool-Parramatta T-way. Passengers made 2.77 million journeys with Western Sydney Buses in the 2011/12 financial year. Western Sydney Buses operated out of a corner of Westbus' Bonnyrigg depot.
Newcastle Buses & Ferries
Newcastle Buses & Ferries was a bus and ferry service operator in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie. It operated 28 bus routes plus a ferry service across the Hunter River between Newcastle and Stockton. The network radiateed from a bus terminal near Newcastle station. Major interchanges were located at the University of Newcastle, Wallsend, Glendale, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown Square and Westfield Kotara.
State Transit operates a number of high-profile services.
- Metrobus: high-frequency accessible buses with Sydney Buses operating M10, M20, M30, M40, M41, M50, M52 and M54
- L90: Limited Stops service connecting Palm Beach – Wynyard station with a journey length of 42 kilometres is the longest bus route operated by State Transit
- 136: cross regional service between Chatswood and Manly via Warringah Road, Frenchs Forest, Narraweena, Dee Why & Freshwater
- 144: cross regional service between Chatswood and Manly via Pacific Hwy, Royal North Shore Hospital, Military Road & Sydney Road
- 200: Limited Stops service connecting Chatswood, North Sydney, Sydney CBD, Edgecliff and Bondi Junction
- 288 : City - Erskine Street to Epping via Freeway, Lane Cove, North Ryde and Macquarie Centre
- 300: zero-fare late-night service connecting Kings Cross and Central station early on Saturday and Sunday mornings.
- 333: Bondi Beach – Circular Quay via Bondi Junction and Darlinghurst. It was the city's first prepay only limited stops bus service
- 343: cross-city service between Chatswood and Kingsford via Willoughby, North Sydney, Elizabeth Street, Zetland and Gardeners Road
- 373: a 24-hour service that operates between Coogee Beach, Randwick Junction, Moore Park, Darlinghurst and Circular Quay
- 380: a 24-hour service that operates between North Bondi, Bondi Beach, Bondi Junction, Paddington, Darlinghurst and Circular Quay
- 389: daily service between Maritime Museum, Pyrmont and North Bondi via Paddington
- 394: a 24-hour service that operates between Little Bay, Maroubra Junction, Kingsford, Darlinghurst and Circular Quay
- 400: Limited Stops service connecting Burwood, Sydney Airport, the University of New South Wales, Randwick Junction and Bondi Junction
- 410: a limited-stops service connecting Rockdale, Eastgardens, the University of New South Wales, Randwick Junction and Bondi Junction
- 418: a cross-country service between Burwood – Bondi Junction via Tempe and Randwick Junction
- 423: daily service between City - Martin Place via Newtown, Marrickville and Earlwood
- 438: daily service between City - Martin Place to Abbotsford via Parramatta Road, Leichhardt, Haberfield and Five Dock
- 440: daily cross regional route between Rozelle and Bronte via Lilyfield, Leichhardt, Parramatta Road, Central Station, Oxford Street and Bondi Junction
- 444: daily cross regional route between Balmain Wharf and Canterbury Station
- 461: daily service between City - Domain and Burwood via Parramatta Road
- 477: daily service between Rockdale and Miranda via Kogarah and Rocky Point Road
- 501: daily and late night service between City - Central Station and West Ryde via Harris St, Pyrmont, Victoria Road and Parkes St
- 525: daily cross regional route between Parramatta and Burwood via Victoria Rd, Newington, Olympic Park and Five Dock
- 530: daily cross regional route between Chatswood and Burwood via Lane Cove, Drummoyne and Five Dock
- 545: daily cross regional route between Parramatta and Chatswood via Telopea, Dundas Valley, Eastwood, Macquarie University and Delhi Road.
- 891: prepay express route connecting the CBD with the University of New South Wales
As of 2014/15, State Transit has not met its on-time running target in any of its four metropolitan contract regions for the last three years, although its performance has improved in three of the regions.
State Transit operates services in the following areas:
- 100 series – Northern Beaches
- 200 series – Northern District and North Shore
- 300 series – Eastern Suburbs
- 400 series – Inner West, Southern Suburbs
- 500 series – North Western Suburbs
- 5/6/700 series – school buses
- 891 – University of New South Wales
All State Transit vehicles are now fitted with CCTV cameras. The STA continues to improve its environmental impact with a large percentage of the fleet being powered by compressed natural gas as well as meeting strict emissions regulations with 270 Euro 5 compliant vehicles entering service from 2007.
|Scania L113TRB 14.5-metre||Ansair Orana||1993/94||47||3447 scrapped – chassis damage and 3422 – fire damage|
|Scania L113CRB||Ansair Orana||1994/95||76||Compressed Natural Gas|
|Scania L113CRL||Ansair Orana||1996–1998||✓||149|
|MAN 11.220||Ansair Orana||1996||✓||16||Original order of 30|
|Volvo B10B||Custom Coaches 238||1996||4||ex North & Western Bus Lines, all at Newcastle depot|
|Mercedes-Benz O405N||Ansair Orana||1996/97||✓||2||All at Newcastle depot|
|Volvo B10BLE||Ansair Orana||1997/98||✓||64||3888 scrapped (Spit Hill accident)|
|Volvo B10BLE||Phoenix Bus Orana||1997/98||✓||59||3936 scrapped (fire damage)|
|Mercedes-Benz O405||Custom Coaches 516||1998||4||ex North & Western Bus Lines|
|Mercedes-Benz O405NH||Custom Coaches Citaro||1999–2002||✓||284||Compressed Natural Gas, model discontinued after this order, 1271 scrapped after fatal car accident|
|Volvo B12BLE||Custom Coaches CB60||2003–2007||✓||150|
|Volvo B12BLE||Volgren CR228L||2004/05||✓||48|
|Volvo B12BLEA Euro 3||Custom Coaches CB60||2005/06||✓||79||1695 written-off (fire damage)|
|Volvo B12BLEA Euro 5||Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II||2008||✓||2|
|Volvo B12BLE||Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II||2007–2011||✓||270|
|Mercedes-Benz OC500LE||Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II||2008–2011||✓||253||Compressed Natural Gas, 4878 scrapped (fire damage)|
|Scania N310UA||Volgren CR228L||2008||✓||1|
|Scania K310UA||Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II||2008||✓||1|
|Scania K310UB 14.5-metre||Volgren CR228L||2009||✓||1|
|Mercedes-Benz OC500LE||Custom Coaches CB60 Evo II||2009/10||✓||20|
|Volvo B12BLEA||Volgren CR228L||2009–2011||✓||150|
|Volvo B7RLE||Custom Coaches CB80||2011–2013||✓||120|
|Scania K280UB||Custom Coaches CB80||2011–2013||✓||100|
|Volvo B7RLE||Volgren CR228L||2011/12||✓||33|
|Mercedes-Benz OC500LE||Custom Coaches CB80||2009||✓||1||ex demonstrator, replacement for 4878|
|Scania K280UB||Bustech VST||2013–2016||✓||127|
|Scania K280UB||Bustech VSTM||2014/15||✓||27||All at Waverley depot|
|Iveco Metro||Volgren Optimus||2014/15||✓||7||All at Randwick depot|
|Volvo B7RLE||Bustech VST||2015-2016||✓||45|
|Scania K310UB||Bustech VST||2016||✓||40|
In the early 1990s, State Transit adopted a white and blue livery with a red stripe. This livery with minor variations was retained until 2010, when the Transport for New South Wales white and blue livery was adopted. Buses dedicated to Metrobus services are painted in a red livery.
State Transit operate 12 depots. The depots (depot code indicated) are located at:
- Christmas spirit celebrated on Sydney buses Transport for NSW 12 December 2013
- Urban Transit Authority of New South Wales NSW Government State Records
- "New name for Urban Transit" Fleetline February 1989 page 22
- "State Transit Reaches Parramatta" Fleetline January 2000 page 22
- "STA Purchases North & Western and Parramatta-Ryde" Australian Bus Panorama 15/4 February 1990
- Keolis Downer awarded contract to run light rail, buses and ferries says Baird government Newcastle Herald 12 December 2016
- New Sydney Ferries operator begins five months early Transport for NSW 28 July 2012
- State Transit Authority Annual Report State Transport Authority 30 June 2012
- STA former fleet list, Australian Bus Fleet Lists', Retrieved 25 April 2014
- New bus contracts to drive improvements for customers Transport for NSW
- Metrobus Sydney Buses
- Lisa S. "Manly Daily | 2hrs 5mins – Sydney's longest bus trip". Shoroc.com. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- Prepay Sydney Buses
- Route 891 NSW Transport Info
- . Audit Office of New South Wales http://www.audit.nsw.gov.au/publications/latest-reports/financial/volume-six-2015-transport/service-delivery/5-service-delivery. Retrieved 26 November 2015. Missing or empty
- State Transit Authority Australian Bus Fleet Lists