Volgren bodied Volvo B8RLE in Transport for NSW livery in December 2021
|Statutory Authority overview|
|Formed||16 January 1989|
|Preceding Statutory Authority|
|Dissolved||2 April 2022|
|Statutory Authority executive|
|Parent Statutory Authority||Transport for NSW|
The State Transit Authority of New South Wales, also referred to as State Transit, was an agency of the Government of New South Wales operating bus services in Sydney. Superseding the Urban Transit Authority in 1989, it was also responsible for the provision of ferry services in Sydney until 2004 and bus and ferry services in Newcastle until 2017. It ceased trading after 2 April 2022 with its remaining operations to be contracted out by Transport for NSW to replacement operators.
In view of its political sensitivity, the agencies responsible for public transport in New South Wales are frequently restructured. Buses and ferries were the responsibility of the Department of Government Transport until 1972, when it was merged with the Department of Railways New South Wales to form the Public Transport Commission.
In July 1980, the Transport Authorities Act 1980 (NSW) separated the functions of the Public Transport Commission with the State Rail Authority taking responsibility for trains, and the Urban Transit Authority responsibility for buses and ferries.
In January 1989, the Transport Administration Act 1988 (NSW) restructured the Urban Transit Authority as the State Transit Authority, taking over the private bus service functions of the Department of Motor Transport. In October 1989, the Chullora Bus Workshops closed with a smaller facility established at Randwick for mechanical repairs with body repairs contracted to the private sector. The remaining four hydrofoils were replaced by three JetCats and the MetroTen ticketing system introduced a few years before was replaced with the Automated Fare Collection System. The Opal card ticketing system was rolled out from 2013.
In 2004, the STA's Sydney Ferries business was separated into a separate agency, Sydney Ferries Corporation. In January 2005 most of former Harris Park Transport routes were taken over from Hillsbus, which were then returned to Hillsbus in September 2005 with the exception of routes 623, 624, 628 and 629. On 13 October 2013, the Western Sydney Buses route T80 was taken over by private operator Transit Systems.
Bus services in Sydney were operated under the Sydney Buses brand until 2016, when rebranded as State Transit.
In February 2018, Transit Systems won the tender to take over State Transit's Sydney Bus Region 6 from 1 July 2018, including Burwood, Kingsgrove, Leichhardt and Tempe depots and 600 buses. In October 2019, it was announced that State Transit's remaining three bus regions are to be contracted out in early 2020. Region 8 was taken over by Keolis Downer Northern Beaches in October 2021 with 410 buses operating out of Brookvale, Mona Vale and North Sydney depots. Region 7 was taken over by Busways in January 2022. Region 9 was taken over by Transdev John Holland in April 2022.
The State Transit Authority also comprised three former business units.
Western Sydney Buses
Formed in 2003, Western Sydney Buses operated route T80, a bus rapid transit service in Western Sydney on the Liverpool–Parramatta T-way. Passengers made 2.77 million journeys with Western Sydney Buses in the 2011/12 financial year. Western Sydney Buses operated out of a corner of Westbus' Bonnyrigg depot.
Newcastle Buses & Ferries
Newcastle Buses & Ferries was a bus and ferry service operator in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie. It operated 28 bus routes plus a ferry service across the Hunter River between Queens Wharf and Stockton. The network radiated from a bus terminal near Newcastle station. Major interchanges were located at the University of Newcastle, Wallsend, Glendale, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown Square and Westfield Kotara.
State Transit operated services in Sydney Metropolitan contract regions 6 to 9.
For school bus services, State Transit used 5/6/7xx series route numbers suffixed with E for East, N for North and W for West, while 89x routes were used for University of New South Wales services. Such university routes ceased as from Monday 21 December 2020, having been replaced by the CBD and South East Light Rail.
State Transit inherited a fleet of 1,565 Leyland Leopards, Mercedes-Benz O305s, Mercedes-Benz O405s and MAN SL202s from the Urban Transit Authority. New buses were primarily purchased from Mercedes-Benz, Scania and Volvo. The fleet peaked at 2,172 buses in June 2017 before privatisation commenced.
In the early 1990s, State Transit adopted a white and blue livery with a red stripe. This livery with minor variations was retained until 2010, when the Transport for NSW white and blue livery was adopted. Buses dedicated to Metrobus services were painted in a red livery.
Prior to privatisation, State Transit operated 14 depots.
- Urban Transit Authority of New South Wales Archived 28 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine NSW Government State Records
- "New name for Urban Transit" Fleetline February 1989 page 22
- "State Transit Reaches Parramatta" Fleetline January 2000 page 22
- "STA Purchases North & Western and Parramatta-Ryde" Australian Bus Panorama 15/4 February 1990
- Milestone for Transit Systems Archived 20 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine Australasian Bus & Coach 8 December 2017
- Keolis Downer awarded contract to run light rail, buses and ferries says Baird government Archived 20 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine Newcastle Herald 12 December 2016
- Transit Systems Boosts Inner West Bus Services[permanent dead link] Minister for Transport 13 February 2018
- "New bus contracts to drive improved services". Transport for NSW. 24 October 2019. Archived from the original on 24 October 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
- "New Bus Operator to Electrify Fleet". Transport for NSW. 28 May 2021. Archived from the original on 28 May 2021. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
- "Busways' Sydney operations more than double with award of one of Transport for NSW's largest bus contracts". Busways. 30 July 2021. Archived from the original on 30 July 2021. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
- Transdev John Holland JV Sets Pathway To Greener Connections In Sydney's Eastern Suburbs Transdev 26 November 2021
- Sydney Region 9 bus contract secured: John Holland-Transdev Australasian Bus & Coach 26 November 2021
- State Owned Corporations Amendment (Sydney Ferries) Regulation 2004 Archived 28 September 2018 at the Wayback Machine Government of New South Wales
- State Transit Authority Annual Report Archived 19 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine State Transport Authority 30 June 2012
- STA former fleet list Archived 6 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine Australian Bus Fleet Lists
- New bus contracts to drive improvements for customers Transport for NSW
- UNSW Express Bus Service Archived 20 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine University of New South Wales
- Important changes to bus routes Archived 19 January 2021 at the Wayback Machine University of NSW 7 December 2020
- Annual Report Fleetline issue 175 February 1990 page 27
- Annual report for year ended 30 June 2017 Archived 29 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine State Transit Authority
- MAN double-deckers for Sydney Northern Beaches Archived 27 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine Australasian Bus & Coach 15 September 2016
- Enfield closes Fleetline issue 172 November 1989 page 171
- Enfield Depot sold Fleetline issue 214 May 1993 page 96