State health agency

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A state health agency (SHA), or state department of health, is a department or agency of the state governments of the United States focused on public health. The state secretary of health is a constitutional or at times a statutory official in several states of the United States. The position is the chief executive official for the state's state health agency (or equivalent), chief administrative officer for the state's Board of Health (or equivalent), or both.

Following passage of the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974, during the first ten years of the program the state health departments were given new and important roles under the law. Due to new grants available, they had enhanced their programs and had many more resources to oversee and help utilities come into compliance with drinking water standards, and they were able to develop other related activities like the capacity for doing risk assessments on new contaminants of concern.[1]

Terminology[edit]

Although the vast majority of these agencies are officially called "departments," the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials adopted "state health agency" as the generic term to reflect the fact that a substantial number of these agencies are no longer state "departments" in the traditional sense of a cabinet-level organizational unit dedicated exclusively to public health.[2] During the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, at least 20 states and the District of Columbia merged these departments with other government agencies that provide social services, welfare, or other types of unrelated services.[2] The result is that in those jurisdictions, the state government agency that actually provides public health services is but one of several units inside a large cabinet-level agency.[2]

Responsibilities[edit]

State health departments have different names and responsibilities; in some states they are top-level administrative agencies, while in other states they are a division or bureau of another office. Health departments are usually responsible for public health, including preventive medicine, epidemiology, vaccinations, environmental health (sometimes including health inspections), and the licensing of health care professionals; the collection and archiving of vital records such as birth and death certificates and sometimes marriage and divorce certificates; health statistics; developmental disabilities; mental health; occupational safety and health; receiving and recording reports of notifiable diseases; and tobacco control.

In some states, state health departments may additionally be responsible for social services and welfare, environmental protection/pollution control, or the operation of the state psychiatric hospital. Some states have a Surgeon General.

State health agencies (SHAs)[edit]

The following are state health agencies as identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:[3]

State SHA Head of health Name Website
Alabama Alabama Department of Public Health State Health Officer Scott Harris, MD, MPH http://alabamapublichealth.gov
Alaska Alaska Department of Health and Social Services http://dhss.alaska.gov
Arizona Arizona Department of Health Services https://www.azdhs.gov
Arkansas Arkansas Department of Health Secretary of Health Nathaniel Smith, MD https://healthy.arkansas.gov
California California Health and Human Services Agency https://www.cdph.ca.gov
Colorado Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment https://www.colorado.gov/cdphe
Connecticut Connecticut Department of Public Health https://portal.ct.gov/dph
Florida Florida Department of Health Secretary and Surgeon General Vacant[4] http://www.floridahealth.gov
Georgia Georgia Department of Public Health https://dph.georgia.gov
Hawaii Hawaii State Department of Health https://health.hawaii.gov
Idaho Idaho Department of Health and Welfare https://healthandwelfare.idaho.gov
Illinois Illinois Department of Public Health http://www.dph.illinois.gov
Indiana Indiana State Department of Health https://www.in.gov/isdh/
Iowa Iowa Department of Public Health Director Gerd Clabaugh, MPA[5] https://idph.iowa.gov
Kansas Kansas Department of Health and Environment Secretary & State Health Officer Robert Moser, MD http://www.kdheks.gov
Kentucky Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services https://chfs.ky.gov
Louisiana Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals http://ldh.la.gov
Maine Maine Department of Health and Human Services https://www.maine.gov/dhhs/
Maryland Maryland Department of Health https://health.maryland.gov
Massachusetts Massachusetts Department of Public Health https://www.mass.gov/orgs/department-of-public-health
Michigan Michigan Department of Community Health https://www.michigan.gov/mdhhs
Mississippi Mississippi State Department of Health State Health Officer Thomas Dobbs, MD https://msdh.ms.gov
Missouri Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services https://health.mo.gov
Montana Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services https://dphhs.mt.gov
Nebraska Nebraska Department of Health & Human Services http://www.dhhs.ne.gov
Nevada Nevada Department of Health and Human Services http://dhhs.nv.gov
New Hampshire New Hampshire Department of Health & Human Services https://www.dhhs.nh.gov
New Jersey New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services https://www.nj.gov/health/
New Mexico New Mexico Department of Health https://nmhealth.org
New York New York State Department of Health https://www.health.ny.gov
North Carolina North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services https://www.ncdhhs.gov
North Dakota North Dakota Department of Health https://www.health.nd.gov
Ohio Ohio Department of Health https://www.odh.ohio.gov
Oklahoma Oklahoma State Department of Health State Health Commissioner Dr. Terry Cline https://www.ok.gov/health/
Oregon Oregon Health Authority https://www.oregon.gov/oha/ph
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Department of Health https://www.health.pa.gov
Rhode Island Rhode Island Department of Health https://health.ri.gov
South Carolina South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control https://www.scdhec.gov
South Dakota South Dakota Department of Health https://doh.sd.gov
Tennessee Tennessee Department of Health https://www.tn.gov/health
Texas Texas Department of State Health Services https://www.dshs.state.tx.us
Utah Utah Department of Health https://health.utah.gov
Vermont Vermont Department of Health https://www.healthvermont.gov
Virginia Virginia Department of Health http://www.vdh.virginia.gov
Washington Washington State Department of Health https://www.doh.wa.gov
West Virginia West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources https://dhhr.wv.gov
Wisconsin Wisconsin Department of Health Services https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov
Wyoming Wyoming Department of Health https://health.wyo.gov

Further reading[edit]

EPA Alumni Association: Drinking Water, Half Century of Progress – a brief history of U.S. efforts to protect drinking water

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ EPA Alumni Association: Senior EPA officials discuss early implementation of the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974, Video, Transcript (see p23).
  2. ^ a b c Dandoy, Suzanne; Melton, A. Richard (2003). "Chapter 7: The State Public Health Department". In Scutchfield, F. Douglas; Keck, C. William (eds.). Principles of Public Health Practice (2nd ed.). Clifton Park: Delmar Learning. p. 110. ISBN 9780766828438. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Public Health Resources: State or Territorial Health Departments". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  4. ^ "Surgeon General and Secretary - Florida Department of Health". www.floridahealth.gov.
  5. ^ http://idph.iowa.gov/do

External links[edit]