State legislative assemblies of Malaysia

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A state legislative assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri, DUN; also known simply as state assembly) is the legislative branch of the state governments of each of the 13 Malaysian states. Members of a state legislative assembly comprises elected representatives from single-member constituencies during state elections through the first-past-the-post system.

The assemblies have powers to enact state laws as provided for by the Constitution of Malaysia. The majority party in each assembly forms the state government, and the leader of the majority party becomes menteri besar (for states with hereditary rulers) or chief minister (for states without hereditary rulers) of the state. After the March 2008 general election, the Barisan Nasional coalition were the majority party in eight states, while the opposition won five states. In February 2009, BN regained Perak after 3 Pakatan Rakyat assembly members defected.

The state legislative assemblies are unicameral, unlike the bicameral Parliament of Malaysia. The hereditary rulers or Yang di-Pertua Negeri (governors) are vested with powers to dissolve their respective state legislative assemblies on the advice of the menteri besar or chief minister. Once dissolved, elections must be carried out within an interim period of sixty (60) days. Usually, state elections are held simultaneously with the federal parliamentary elections, with the exception of Sarawak, and before 2004, Sabah.

List of State Legislative Assemblies in Malaysia[edit]

The list excludes Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Labuan as Federal Territories do not have state legislative assemblies and are governed directly by the federal government under the Ministry of Federal Territories together with local authorities, namely the Kuala Lumpur City Hall, Putrajaya Corporation and Labuan Corporation respectively.

State (and Assembly) Seats (2016) Population (2010) Population/seat Majority party Speaker (and Party)
Flag of Johor.svg Johor (13th) 56 3,348,283 59,791      BN Mohamad Aziz (BNUMNO)
Flag of Kedah.svg Kedah (13th) 36 1,947,651 54,101      BN Md. Rozai Safian (BN-UMNO)
Flag of Kelantan.svg Kelantan (13th) 45 1,539,601 34,213      PAS Abdullah Ya'kub (PAS)
Flag of Malacca.svg Malacca (13th) 28 821,110 29,325      BN Othman Muhamad (BN-UMNO)
Flag of Pahang.svg Pahang (13th) 42 1,500,817 35,734      BN Ishak Muhammad (BN-UMNO)
Flag of Perak.svg Perak (13th) 59 2,352,743 39,877      BN S. Thangeswary (BN–MIC)
Flag of Perlis.svg Perlis (13th) 15 231,541 15,436      BN Hamdan Bahari (BN-UMNO)
Flag of Penang (Malaysia).svg Penang (13th) 40 1,561,383 39,035      PH Law Choo Kiang (PH-PKR)
Flag of Selangor.svg Selangor (13th) 56 5,462,141 97,538      PH Hannah Yeoh (PH-DAP)
Flag of Negeri Sembilan.svg Negeri Sembilan (13th) 36 1,021,064 28,363      BN Dr. Awaluddin Said (BN-UMNO)
Flag of Terengganu.svg Terengganu (13th) 32 1,035,977 32,374      BN Mohd. Zubir Embong (BN-UMNO)
Flag of Sarawak.svg Sarawak (19th) 82 2,471,140 30,136      BN Mohd Asfia Awang Nassar (BN-PBB)
Flag of Sabah.svg Sabah (14th) 60 3,206,742 53,446      BN Syed Abas Syed Ali (BN-UMNO)

List of State Assembly Representatives in Malaysia[edit]

Current composition[edit]