List of U.S. state nicknames

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Map of the United States showing the state nicknames as hogs. Lithograph by Mackwitz, St. Louis, 1884.

The following is a table of U.S. state nicknames, including officially adopted nicknames and other traditional nicknames for individual states and the district of the United States.

State nicknames[edit]

Current official state nicknames are highlighted in bold. A state nickname is not to be confused with an official state motto.

State Nickname(s)
 Alabama
(No official nickname)[1]
 Alaska
 Arizona
 Arkansas
 California
 Colorado
 Connecticut
 Delaware
 Washington, D.C.
  • Nation's Capital[27]
  • DMV (nickname for the broader metropolitan area of Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia)[27]
 Florida
 Georgia
  • Peach State[30] (previously used on license plates)
  • Cracker State — Along with Florida, Georgia had been called "The Cracker State" in earlier times, perhaps a derogatory term that referred to immigrants, called "crackers," from the mountains of Virginia and North Carolina.[30] See also Atlanta Crackers: Origin of the name
  • Empire State of the South — Refers to economic leadership[30]
  • Yankee-land of the South: Similarly to the above nickname, "Yankee-land of the South" speaks to industrial and economic development in the south. This nickname may be used in a derogatory sense.[30]
  • Goober State — Refers to peanuts, the official state crop.[30]
  • State of Adventure (On highway welcome signs)
 Hawaii
 Idaho
 Illinois[39]
 Indiana
 Iowa
 Kansas
  • America's Bread Basket
  • Wheat State (previously used on license plates)
  • Home of Beautiful Women[43]
  • Central State[12]
  • Sunflower State[12]
 Kentucky
 Louisiana
 Maine
 Maryland
 Massachusetts
 Michigan
  • The Great Lakes State (previously used on license plates)
  • Mitten State
  • Winter Water Wonderland (previously used on license plates)
  • The World's Motor Capital
  • America's High Five
 Minnesota
  • Butter Country
  • Gopher State[12]
  • Land of 10,000 Lakes ("10,000 Lakes" currently used on license plates)
  • Land of Lakes
  • Land of Sky-Blue Waters
  • New England of the West[12]
  • North Star State
  • State of Hockey[57]
  • Vikings State
  • Bread and Butter State[12]
 Mississippi
 Missouri
 Montana
  • Big Sky Country (currently used on license plates)
  • The Last Best Place[59]
  • Treasure State (previously used on license plates)
 Nebraska
  • Beef State (previously used on license plates)
  • Cornhusker State (previously used on license plates)[60]
  • Tree Planter's State
  • Blackwater State[12]
  • The Good Life (as seen on state border signs)
 Nevada
 New Hampshire
 New Jersey
 New Mexico
 New York
 North Carolina
  North Dakota
 Ohio
 Oklahoma
 Oregon
  • Beaver State
  • Union State
  • Pacific Wonderland (previously used on license plates and currently available on an extra cost plate)[71]
  • Sunset State
  • Webfoot State[12]
 Pennsylvania
 Puerto Rico
  • Isla del Encanto ("Island of Enchantment") (currently used on license plates)
  • Borinquen (name given by indigenous people, the Tainos)[73]
  • The Shining Star of the Caribbean
  • Progress Island[74]
 Rhode Island
 South Carolina
 South Dakota
 Tennessee
 Texas
 Utah
 Vermont
 Virginia
  • Mother of Presidents[12]
  • Mother of States[12]
  • The Old Dominion[25]
  • The Commonwealth
 Washington
 West Virginia
 Wisconsin
(No official nickname)[83]
 Wyoming
  • Cowboy State
  • Equality State
  • Park State
  • Like No Place On Earth
  • Forever West (On highway welcome signs)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Emblems Index". State of Alabama. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  2. ^ a b Introduction to Alabama, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  3. ^ a b c "Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors". Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2006-04-20. Retrieved 2007-03-18. Alabama does not have an official nickname. 
  4. ^ "Heart of Dixie". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2004-06-29. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  5. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (First of Four Parts)". Voice of America (VOA Special English program). 2008-01-06. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  6. ^ a b c d e The Last Frontier State, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  7. ^ Alaska Division of Economic Development (2010-12-21). "Alaska Division of Economic Development". Alaska Division of Economic Development. Retrieved 2011-07-30. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Introduction to Arizona, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  9. ^ Ariz. HB 2549 Officially adopted by Arizona on February 14, 2011
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Introduction to Arkansas, US States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  11. ^ Arkansas § 1-4-106 - State nickname Retrieved Feb. 28, 2011
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Wikisource-logo.svg "States, Popular Names of". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 
  13. ^ California Government Code Section 420.75 Retrieved Feb. 28, 2011
  14. ^ "State Symbols". California State Library (State of California). Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  15. ^ a b c d "Colorado". NetState.com. NState, LLC. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  16. ^ a b "Colorado State Name and Nicknames". Colorado State Symbols & Emblems. State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  17. ^ "Colorado State Flower". Colorado State Symbols & Emblems. State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  18. ^ "Colorado Water History" (asp). Colorado Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  19. ^ Denver, Colorado
  20. ^ "Colorado". USAtourist.com. USATourist. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  21. ^ Colorado Ski Country USA history
  22. ^ Introduction to Colorado, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  23. ^ Conn. Stat. Sec. 3-110a, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i Introduction to Delaware, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Barry Popik, Smoky City, barrypopik.com website, March 27, 2005
  26. ^ Delaware Code Title 29 Section 318 retrieved on February 28, 2011
  27. ^ a b Farhi, Paul. (2010, July 30). After initial obscurity, 'The DMV' nickname for Washington area picks up speed. Washington Post. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  28. ^ "Country Singer Threatens to 'Open a Cowboy Bootshop' in Florida Dem's Ass". Mediaite. Retrieved 12 June 2015. 
  29. ^ a b c d e Introduction to Florida, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  30. ^ a b c d e "Quick Facts: State Symbols". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. University of Georgia Press. Retrieved 2008-03-03. 
  31. ^ [1], Haw. Rev. Stat. § 5-7, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  32. ^ a b c d Introduction to Hawaii, 50 States.
  33. ^ "HAWAII: A RAINBOW OF CULTURAL RICHES: A world of traditions blending for centuries offers cultural activities of colorful diversity". Guidebookamerica.com. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  34. ^ 808 State Frequently Asked Questions: Where did 808 State get their name from?, 808 State Official Website.
  35. ^ 808 State Update, Talk Radio Hawaii
  36. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (Second of Four Parts)". Voice of America (VOA Special English program). 2008-01-12. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  37. ^ a b c Introduction to Idaho, 50 States.
  38. ^ "SuperPages: Idaho History". Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  39. ^ "Illinois". Illinois State Symbols & Emblems. Retrieved 2007-04-29. 
  40. ^ a b c d Introduction to Illinois, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  41. ^ The unofficial sobriquet of the State of Indiana has given rise to the humorous constructions Hoosierana (the land of Hoosiers; see uses in Indiana Journalism Hall of Fame and by sports journalist Frank DeFord) and Hoosierstan (the place of Hoosiers).
  42. ^ "Iowa State Nickname - "The Hawkeye State"". State Symbols USA. Retrieved May 24, 2013. 
  43. ^ "Kansas Signage". roadsideamerica.com. Retrieved 2007-03-26. 
  44. ^ a b c d Introduction to Kentucky, 50 States.
  45. ^ "State Nicknames". 50states.com. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  46. ^ Judy Colbert, Off the Beaten Path: Maryland and Delaware, 8th ed., 2007, ISBN 978-0-7627-4418-3.
  47. ^ a b c d e f "The State of Maryland - An Introduction to the Old Line State from". Netstate.Com. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  48. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (Third of Four Parts)". Voice of America (VOA Special English program). 2008-01-19. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  49. ^ Archives of Maryland Online
  50. ^ a b c Introduction to Massachusetts, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  51. ^ Massachusetts (state, United States), Britannica Online, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  52. ^ Andrew Ryan, Report: 'Taxachusetts' label remains part of Massachusetts' past, Boston Globe, April 6, 2007.
  53. ^ Daniel J. Flynn, 'Taxachusetts' no more?, Forbes, October 22, 2008.
  54. ^ 'Taxachusetts' Voters May Eliminate State Income Tax, Fox News, October 7, 2008.
  55. ^ Michael D. Shear, Giuliani Backers Attack 'Taxachusetts Romney', The Washington Post, December 12, 2007.
  56. ^ Slate's Chatterbox: The Myth of 'Taxachusetts', National Public Radio, October 15, 2004.
  57. ^ Jess Myers, Hockey roots run deep in Minnesota, ESPN.com, February 10, 2004
  58. ^ [2] Riverfront Times, January 10, 2012
  59. ^ In Montana, a Popular Expression Is Taken Off the Endangered List New York Times, August 17, 2008; Retrieved February 28, 2011
  60. ^ [3], Nebraska Rev. Stat. § 90-101, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  61. ^ a b c "New Hampshire Almanac >Fast New Hampshire Facts". State of New Hampshire official website. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  62. ^ Dove kills ad calling New Jersey 'the Armpit of America', Los Angeles Times, 2014-03-04
  63. ^ a b c New Mexico Symbols, State Names, SHG Resources website, accessed July 7, 2008
  64. ^ New Mexico Revised Statutes, Sec. 12-3-4-N, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  65. ^ a b Introduction to North Carolina, 50 States, retrieved February 28, 2011.
  66. ^ "Why We are Called Tar Heels". UNC Libraries. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  67. ^ Variety Vacationland Postcard Exhibit Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  68. ^ "It's official: Ohio IS the birthplace of aviation". The Cincinnati Enquirer. 2003-06-14. Retrieved 2007-04-06. 
  69. ^ Elkins, Keith A. (2011). Mr. E. 2003: Manifest Lessons from Ohio's Bicentennial Celebration. iUniverse. p. 293. 
  70. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (Fourth of Four Parts)". Voice of America (VOA Special English program). 2008-01-26. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  71. ^ "Oregon's license plate from 1960 to circa 1966". Plate Shack. Retrieved 2007-07-12. 
  72. ^ "Turnpikes and Toll Roads in Nineteenth Century America". Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  73. ^ "98.03.04: The Taínos of Puerto Rico: Rediscovering Borinquen". Yale.edu. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  74. ^ Progress Island U.S.A.
  75. ^ "Iodine". South Carolina Encyclopedia. 2007-04-14. Retrieved 2007-04-06. [dead link]
  76. ^ a b c d e South Dakota Symbols, State Names, SHG Resources website, accessed July 7, 2008
  77. ^ [4], S.D. Laws 1-6-16.5, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  78. ^ a b c d e Tennessee Symbols and Honors, in Tennessee Blue Book
  79. ^ a b "Texas:Facts, Map, and State Symbols". EnchantedLearing.com. Retrieved 2008-03-09. 
  80. ^ "NetState: Utah". Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  81. ^ "State it on a plate — Over the years, slogans, designs have taken some poetic license". Deseret News. 
  82. ^ "Symbols of Washington State". Washington State Legislature. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  83. ^ a b "Wisconsin State Symbols" in Wisconsin Blue Book 2005-2006, p. 966. Wisconsin has no Official nickname.
  84. ^ Dornfeld, Margaret; Hantula, Richard (2010). Wisconsin: It's my state!. Marshall Cavendish. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-60870-062-2. 
  85. ^ Urdang, Laurence (1988). Names and Nicknames of Places and Things. Penguin Group USA,. p. 8. ISBN 9780452009073. "America's Dairyland" A nickname of Wisconsin 
  86. ^ Kane, Joseph Nathan; Alexander, Gerard L. (1979). Nicknames and sobriquets of U.S. cities, States, and counties. Scarecrow Press. p. 412. ISBN 9780810812550. Wisconsin - America's Dairyland, The Badger State ... The Copper State ... 
  87. ^ Herman, Jennifer L. (2008). Wisconsin Encyclopedia, American Guide. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 10. ISBN 9781878592613. Nicknames Wisconsin is generally known as The Badger State, or America's Dairyland, although in the past it has been nicknamed The Copper State. 

External links[edit]