State of Brazil

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State of Brazil
Estado do Brasil
State of the Portuguese Empire



Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
State of Brazil; 1789
Capital Salvador
Rio de Janeiro
Languages Portuguese
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Monarchy
 -  1621 Philip II
 -  1777 - 1815 Maria I
Governor General
 -  1621 Luís de Sousa
 -  1806 - 1808 Marcos de Noronha e Brito, 8th Count of the Arcos
 -  Established 1621
 -  Disestablished 1815
Currency Portuguese Real
Warning: Value not specified for "common_name"

The State of Brazil (Portuguese: Estado do Brasil) was one of the states of the Portuguese Empire, in the Americas during the period of Colonial Brazil.


In 1621, the Governorate General of Brazil was separated into two states, the State of Brazil and the State of Maranhão. The state was created in June 13, 1621 by Philip II of Portugal.[1]

With the creation of the state, Portuguese America now had two administrative units: the State of Maranhão, with its capital in São Luís, Maranhão, and the State of Brazil, whose capital was São Salvador.

The State of Brazil became a Viceroyalty in 1763, when the capital of the State of Brazil was transferred from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro. In 1775 Brazilian States (Brasil, Maranhão and Grão-Pará) were unified into the Viceroyalty of Brazil, with Rio de Janeiro as capital.

In 1808, with the Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, the Prince Regent (future John VI of Portugal) assumed direct control of the government of the colony, suppressing the office of Viceroy.

In 1815, the state of Brazil was raised to the level of Kingdom, in the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves.


The State of Brazil originally included 12 of the original 15 captaincies, all except Ceara (which became subordinate to Pernambuco later) and Maranhão, two parts, which included the subcaptaincy of Para west of the Torsedillas Line at that time (north to south):

Captaincies created by the state[edit]

Captaincies from merger of State of Maranhão[edit]



External links[edit]