State of Buryat-Mongolia

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State of Buryat-Mongolia

ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠠᠳ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ (Buryat)
Buryat-Mongolia and former Russian Empire in 1918
Buryat-Mongolia and former Russian Empire in 1918
Common languagesBuryat-Mongolian, Mongolian, Russian
Tibetan Buddhism, Orthodox Christianity
25 April 1917
CurrencyRouble of Russian Empire
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Russian Republic
Transbaikal Republic
Far Eastern Republic
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

The State of Buryat-Mongolia[a] was a buffer Buryat-Mongolian state,[1] which existed during the Russian Civil War. It was established according to the decision of the first All-Buryat congress on 25 April 1917. The main government body was Burnazkom, the Buryat National Committee.[1]

After the collapse of the Soviet regime under the advancement of the Whites and the Czechoslovakian division, the State of Buryat-Mongolia was recognized by the Soviets in 1918, and later also by Grigory Semyonov's Government of Transbaikalia.[2] The state de facto ceased to exist after the formation of the Far Eastern Republic, which had divided Buryat-Mongolia in two halves: 4 aimags became part of the Far Eastern Republic, while the other 4 formed Buryat-Mongol autonomies of RSFSR.


  1. ^ Buryat: ᠪᠤᠷᠢᠠᠳ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ


  1. ^ a b Бабаков В. В., Бурнацком - Бурнардума: первый опыт национально-государственного строительства в Бурятии, Улан-Удэ, 1997 г.
  2. ^ Образование Бурят-Монгольской АССР как реализация национальной политики Советского государства